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Full text of "Masonic orations delivered in Devon and Cornwall from A.D. 1866 at the dedication of masonic halls, consecration of lodges and chapters, installations, etc. With an introd. by Wm. Jas. Hughan. Ed. by John Chapman"

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Cornell University Library 
HS373 .M59 

Masonic orations 

3 1924 030 271 245 


3 73 





p. D. Prov. G. M., Devon, &c., 

PROM A.D. 1866, 



BEO. WM. JAS. HUGHAN, P.G.D. (England) 

p. Pkov. S. G. W. & G. Sbc. Coenwall, &c., 

PROM A.D. 1732 TO 1889. 


BEO. JOHN CHAPMAN, P.M., 1402, &c., 

p. Pbov. G. D. Devon, 
(AuTHOB OP "The Gbeat Ptbamid and Fbeemasonbt.") 












By Ids obliged Brother^ 


The Lawn, Tokquat, 
July 9th, 1889. 


Preface .... .... . . 

Introduction . .... .... 

Lodges and Chapters in Devon and Cornwall 

Consecration of H.R.A. Chapter, "Harmony," No. 156, Plymouth 
Installation of the Bev. John Huyshe, M.A., as Prov. G.M. Devon 
Dedication of Huyshe Temple, and Consecration of Lodges 1091 


1099 (Plymouth) . . . . . 

Consecration of Devon Lodge, No. 1138, Newton 
Presentation to Bro. L. P. Metham of Clothing as J.G.D. (England) 
Consecration of Metham and Elms Lodges, 1205 and 1212, Plymouth 
Dedication of New Masonic Hall, Teignmouth .... 

Consecration of S. John's and Dundas Lodges, 1247 and 1255, Plymouth 
Dedication of New Masonic Hall, Dartmouth . 
Centenary of Sincerity Lodge, No. 189, East Stonehouse • 
Consecration of H.R.A. Chapter, " Portescue,'' Honiton . 

M Brent Lodge, No. 1284, Topsham 

ir Torbay Lodge, No. 1358, Paignton . 

„ H.R.A. Chapter, S. John's, No. 328, Torquay 

II Jordan Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay 

Laying Foundation Stone of New Masonic Hall, Liskeard 
Consecration of Salem Lodge, No. 1443, Dawlish 

,1 Duncombe Lodge, No. 1486, Kingsbridge 

Prov. G. Lodge of Devon, and " The Royal British Female Orphan 

Asylum," Devonport 97 

Consecration of Prudence Lodge, No. 1550, Plymouth .... 100 

II Chapters, "Devon," No. 1138, and "Dundas," No. 1255 105 

Installation of the Earl of Mount Edgoumbe, G. Sup. H.R.A., Cornwall 110 

,1 Sir Knight L. P. Metham, as G. Prior (Devon), Exeter. 114 

Consecration of Obedience Lodge, No. 1753, Okehampton . . 119 

Installation of Viscount Ebrington, G. Sup. H.R.A. Devon . . . 122 

List of Subscribers . . . . 125 








In publishing in their present form the following Masonic 
Orations of Bro. L. P. Metham, for the benefit of the Masonic 
world, the thought occurred that such an effort would not only 
be appreciated by those who had the pleasure of listening to the 
gifted orator, but also that the excellent addresses would make 
a valuable contribution to Masonic literature, and form an 
important finger-post for brethren in guiding them safely along 
" the antient landmarks of the Order," and so conduce to the 
development of the spirit of true Freemasonry. The wise 
council — the faithful caution— that marked the unstinted 
admonitions of the able orator, indicated how much he loved 
our Fraternity ; for while he dilated in glowing terms upon the 
distinctive basis of our Society, he failed not to point out the 
dangers and difficulties attending those unmasonic elements 
that sometimes force their unhappy way into our Institution. 
Doubtless Bro. Metham felt that he could, without hesitation or 
diffidence, faithfully proclaim the " Grand Principles of our 
Order," — that he could also warn its members against the 
admission of those who might bring a reflection on the 
Fraternity, — which he did, in most emphatic terms, as the then 
Deputy Grand Master of the Province, under the direct influence 
of one of the brightest luminaries that ever adorned the Masonic 
Hemisphere — -our beloved Brother, the Eev. John Huyshe, M.A., 
P.G.G. (England), the then E.W. Prov. Grand Master of Devon- 
shire, whose rare gifts and graces in every-day life pre-eminently 
entitled him to be regarded as a living illustration of the sublime 
principles of the Craft. 

The special featuees of the Orations will be understood 
and fully endorsed by the senior members of our Order, whose 
memories can reach back to the time when they were delivered. 
There has been, since that period, such a wonderful increase in 
the membership of our Order, that it appears, when we turn our 
eyes back upon the past, as though the oratorical efforts of Bro. 
Metham were tinged with a prophetic spirit ; for the vast leaps 
and bounds in our numbers have far exceeded the expectations 

6 Preface. 

of the most enthusiastic and sanguine amongst us. It is, 
therefore, of paramount importance that the faithful warnings 
of those days should be sounded again in the ears of the newly 
initiated, in order that the leading features of Freemasonry may 
not be forgotten or overlooked. It certainly may be regarded 
as a neiv departure in this country to publish a book of Orations 
on the Dedication of Masonic Temples, the Consecration of New 
Lodges and Chapters, and the Installation of distinguished 
Brethren. May it not, also, be accepted as an incentive 
for the Eulers in the Craft to guard more closely the sacred 
precincts of the Masonic Temple from the approach of the 
unworthy and profane. 

To my esteemed friend, Bro. William James Hughan, our 
gi"eat Masonic Historian, is due my sincere thanks for the 
literary services he has so freely tendered throughout the 
preparation of this work ; and it is also due to him to acknow- 
ledge the valuable Introduction he has so generously contributed 
— one that will be accepted by the Craft as a most important 
chapter in the Masonic history of the two counties of Devon 
and Cornwall. 

To my dear old friend, Bro. Eobert Halliburton Eae, who 
has ever encouraged my Masonic efforts, my best thanks are 
due for assisting to unearth several of the Orations, and also for 
his aid in forwarding the publication of this work. 

If these efforts should be the means of stimulating any who 
may peruse the Orations to guard more strictly the true interests 
of Freemasonry, I shall feel amply repaid for making this 
addition to our Masonic Libraries, and I trust that the funds of 
the " Eoyal British Female Orphan Asylum," Stoke, on whose 
behalf this work is published, will be substantially aided by 
its sale. 


The Lawn, Torquay, 

July 9th, 1889. 


My esteemed friend, Bro. Chapman, on publishing Dr. 
Metham's eloquent " Masonic Orations " in one volume, 
considers that a little introductory matter will prove acceptable 
to the subscribers, and has solicited my aid for that purpose. 

Bro. Metham's name, however, is so well known and 
respected in Devon and Cornwall, masonically and generally, 
that even a brief sketch of his eventful past would be quite 
unnecessary, were it not that Bro. Chapman's most interesting 
work will circulate far beyond the confines of these Provinces. 
A few words, therefore, as to the Masonic career of the Orator 
of the West will not be amiss, prior to a short account of 
the Fraternity in the two Counties. 

Our distinguished brother was initiated in Lodge "Sincerity" 
No. 189, East Stonehouse, on March 21st, 1844, arriving at the 
Chair of his Lodge in 1847, and was appointed in the same 
year to the Office of Prov. S.G.D., becoming Prov. J.G.W. in 
1863, Prov. S.G.W. in 1865-6, and the D. Prov. G.M. 1867 
to 1878-9, by Patent from the E. W. Bro. the Eev. John 
Huyshe, P.G.C. In 1867 the Eight Hon. the Earl of 
Zetland, M.W.G.M., invested him as J.G.D. of England, in 
commemoration of which the Brethren of the Three Towns 
presented our Brother with a full Dress Suit of Grand Lodge 

In other Degrees Bro. Metham has obtained well-deserved 
honours, but his great life-work has been in connection with the 
"Eoyal British Female Orphan Asylum," as its indefatigable 
Honorary Secretary for fully fifty years, during which period he 
has been the means of raising upwards of £50,000, and at the 
celebration of its Jubilee on the 24th May, 1889, was able to 
rejoice in the fact that some 200 orphans were then being 
maintained in the Asylum, — the prospects of that Institution 
never being brighter than at that time. 

The good thus achieved it is impossible to fully realise ; but 
the Jubilee presentations made to our Brother will in some 
measure indicate the esteem in which he is held by Eoyalty, 

Freemasonry in Devon and Cornwall. 

and indeed by all classes who are familiar with his persistent 
and invaluable labours for half a century. 

Not only have our central and local Masonic Charities been 
largely benefited by his services, but fully thirty-five orphans of 
deceased Freemasons have been taken into the Asylum, and 
educated, clothed, and maintained, — a pleasing fact recognised 
by the contributions of the Lodges and Brethren in Devon and 
Cornwall, amounting of late years to nearly £1,800, — and so 
great has been the interest taken in the Institution by the 
Freemasons, that it may fairly be described as one of their most 
favoured Societies. 

Her Majesty the Queen has been patron of the Asylum from 
October 8th, 1839, and as the daughter of a Grand Master, and 
the mother of the present Ruler of the English Craft, our beloved 
Sovereign has not only assisted that Society, but is one of the 
largest donors to the Masonic Charities, annually subscribing to 
our Funds. 

As the premier Lodge in the two counties was started at 
Exeter in 1732, the Province of Devon deserves the first 
mention; the earliest Lodge in Cornwall not having been 
constituted until the year 1751. The Provincial Grand Lodge 
for the latter county, however, dates from 1752, whereas that for 
Devon was not formed until twenty- three years afterwards. 

Until the year 1759, the Lodges started in Devon and Corn- 
wall were authorised by the regular Grand Lodge of England 
(inaugurated in 1717 by several old Lodges), and known 
popularly, but inappropriately, by the title of " Modern." In 
1759 a rival Body, styled "Ancient" — although not known 
before 1751 — began to issue warrants in Devon. So that from 
then, there were two Masonic Organisations claiming jurisdiction, 
thus causing more or less friction and unpleasantness until 
Dec. 27th, 1813, when they joined ; the " United Grand Lodge " 
having since been the only Governing Body in this country for 
Craft Masonry. 

The first enumeration under the regular Grand Lodge was in 
1729, followed by others in 1740, 1755, 1770, 1781-2, and 1792. 
Under the Schismatics, though no complete numerical changes 
were practically made, a curious plan prevailed of allowing 

Freemasonry in Devon and Cormvall. 

Lodges to assume higher numbers which happened to be vacant, 
thus introducing an element of uncertainty; the numerical 
position being often vastly different to what the relative 
antiquity of such Lodges would justify. The revision of the 
EoU in 1814 happily began a uniform plan, on the basis then 
agreed to by both Societies ; another enumeration having been 
arranged in 1832 ; the present one dating from the year 1863. 

The senior Lodge in Devon is " St. John the Baptist," No. 
39, warranted on July 11th, 1732, by Lord Montague, M.W.G.M. ; 
the original Charter, which is still preserved, being the oldest 
document of the kind now known in England. The Eecords are 
missing before 1777, but the Minutes of Grand Lodge state that 
its By-Laws were " applauded " in 1736. The Centenary Jewel 
Warrant (of special design) was granted in 1864, and the 
members are justly proud of the fact that their Lodge is the 
oldest existing of any originally chartered in the country. 

The senior Lodge in the " Three Towns " is " St. John's," 
No. 70, Plymouth, first of all located at Exeter from March 21st, 
1759, by authority of the " Ancients," but removed to Plymouth 
in 1828. A Centenary Warrant was obtained in due course, by 
which the members have the privilege of wearing a Jewel, the 
design being representative of the name of the Lodge. 

The Lodge of " Fortitude," No. 105, Plymouth, has still its 
original Warrant, dated Jan. 2nd, 1759, a lower number than 
the foregoing having been due to its constitution by the 
"Moderns"; the numeration in 1814 and since, being more 
favourable to the Lodges enrolled under the Junior Grand Lodge 
1751-1813, than those authorised by the regular Organization 
1717-1813. Its Centenary Jewel Warrant is also indicative of 
its Title. 

The next Lodge that has a special Centenary Warrant is 
"St. George's," No. 112, Exeter, the design being most 
appropriate. The Lodge dates from 20th Jan., 1762. Other 
Centenary Lodges, whose Jewels are of the uniform pattern, 
because granted since 1866, are "Sincerity," No. 189, East 
Stonehouse, of 25fch Nov., 1769; "Friendship," No. 202, 
Devonport, of 21st Sep., 1771 ; " True Love and Unity," No. 
248, Brixham, and " Loyal," No. 251, Barnstaple, of 1782 and 
1783 respectively. 

10 Freemasonry in Devon and Cornivall. 

Lodges 106, Exmouth (A.D. 1759) ; 156, Plymouth (1778) ; 
159, East Stonehouse (1781); 164, Sidmouth (1779); 223 
Plymouth (1797); 230, Devonport (1799); 282, Tavistock 
(1790); and 303, Teignmouth (1794), are also of the last 
century, some of which have celebrated their Centennials, 
though unable to obtain the coveted Centenary Warrants. 

Of notable extinct Lodges may be mentioned one formed at 
Plymouth Dock (Devonport) in 1734-5. It was thus referred to 
in St. James' Evening Post (London), under date April Bth, 
1735 :— 

"By letters from Plymouth we hear that last week there was a Lodge of 
Free and Accepted Masons constituted by Mr. Francis Brownbiee [?] at the Free 
Masons Arms in Plymouth Dock. There was a very Grand Procession from the 
said Dock to Plymouth Town ; a very fine Band of Musick playing before them 
and the bells ringing at both places ; they were all Cloathed in white Gloves 
and Aprons. They dined at Prince Eugene's Head, where a very elegant 

Entertainment was provided There was such a, number of people 

flocked together on this occasion that never was seen in that country before." 

The Lodge apparently was not removed to Plymouth subsequently, 
though often described as being held in that town through an 
error in the "Engraved Lists." Its erasure took place in 1777. 

Another distinguished Lodge, removed from the Eoll in 1828, 
was originally constituted at Plymouth in 1748, and for some 
time known as the "Prince George." On May 9th, 1786, in 
this Lodge, was initiated H.E.H. Duke of Clarence, afterwards 
His Majesty William IV., who served as W.M. of the " Prince of 
Wales' Lodge," London, 1827-30. This is the only Lodge in 
Devon that subscribed sufficient to the " Freemasons' Hall 
Fund " to secure the presentation of a silver medal to be worn 
by the W.M. for the time being ; the distinction having been 
bestowed in 1784. 

The " Union " Lodge, Exeter, of A.D. 1766, was erased in 
1789, but deserved a much better fate ; its members were of the 
most respectable families in the county, and undoubtedly had it 
not been for the brethren of that Lodge, the Prov. G.L. would 
not have been established even so soon as 1775. Dr. Bathurst, 
Bishop of Norwich, and Dr. Marsh, Bishop of Peterborough, 
were initiated in 1769 and 1785 respectively, and many other 
distinguished names might be mentioned who joined from 1766 

Freemasonry in Devon and Cornwall. 11 

to 1788, particularly the first Prov. G.M. of Devon, the first 
D. Prov. G.M., and some eminent Clergymen. 

The beautiful medal worn by the members was designed by 
Bro. John Chubb, of Bridgewater : an excellent engraving of it 
forming the frontispiece to the " Principles of Freemasonry 
Delineated," printed and published by Bro. Eobert Trewman in 
1777. A complete Eegister of the Initiates and Joining 
Members of the " Union " is given in the History of the 
Province, attached to the Eules and Regulations for the year 
1847, prepared by the Eev. William Carwithen, D.D., the then 
D. Prov. G.M. 

Some old Lod-ges, once held in Devon, have been removed to 
other counties, such as No. 54, Eochdale, and No. 170, 
Weymouth. These, with Military and other Lodges, are all 
noted in Tables printed in the two local Calendars, edited by 
Bro. W. F. Westcott and myself, which exhibit a complete List 
of all warrants issued for any part of Devon and Cornwall from 
1732 to the present time. 

The first Prov. G.M., Sir Charles Warwick Bampfylde, Bart., 
was installed at Exeter, by Bro. John Codrington, W.M. of the 
"Union " Lodge (appointed D. Prov. G.M.), on December 19th, 
1775. On his resignation he was succeeded by the E.W. Bro. 
Hugh Forteseue, Viscount Ebrington, afterwards 2nd Earl of 
Fortescue, E.G., &c., by Patent (from H.E.H. the Duke of 
Sussex, E.G., &c., &c., M.W.G.M.) dated Dec. 4th, 1819. On 
his Lordship's regretted decease in 1861 " The Fortescue 
Annuity Fund " was established as a memorial. The Rev. 
John Huyshe, M.A., P.G.C., who had been the D. Prov. G.M. 
from 1850 and much beloved in the Province, was appointed to 
the office of Prov. G.M. by authority of the Grand Master (the 
2nd Earl of Zetland), the patent being signed by the Earl de 
Grey and Ripon, then D.G.M., and bears date 22nd Jan., 1866. 
The installation took place at Exeter on May the 24th, the V.W. 
Bro. iEneas J. Mclntyre, as Grand Registrar, being in the chair. 
The first D. Prov. G.M. was the W. Bro. W. Dennis Moore, 
followed by the W. Bro. L. P. Metham, J.G.D. of England, in 
1867. From failing health, the Eev. John Huyshe resigned his 
high office,. which he had upheld with dignity at every meeting 
of the Prov. G.L. from 1866, the selection of his successor 

12 Freemasonry in Devon and Cornwall. 

having fallen on the E.W. Bro. Lord Ebrington, M.P. The 
Patent was authorized by H.E.H. the Prince of Wales, K.G., &c., 
Grand Master, and is dated 6th March, 1879. His Lordship, as 
the son of the 3rd Earl, P. Prov. S.G.W., and the grandson of 
the 2nd Earl of Fortescue, once Prov. G.M. of Devon, is the 
scion of a noble family long identified with the Craft in the 
county ; and was installed by the E.W. Bro. W. W. B. 
Beach, M.P., Prov. G.M. Hants and Isle of Wight, the Eev. 
John Huyshe investing the 4th Prov. G.M. with his beautiful 
and costly gold chain, presented to him in 1866, and given by 
him (the 3rd Prov. G.M.) as an heir-loom to the Province, " to 
descend from each retiring Prov. G.M. to his successor." The 
W. Bro. W. G. Eogers, for some time Prov. G. Sec, was 
appointed D. Prov. G.M. by his Lordship, and has so continued 
to this day. 

The "Mother Lodge" of the Province of Cornwall is "Love 
and Honour," No. 75, Falmouth, chartered 20th May, 1751, 
and continuously on the Eoll ever since. It was constituted on 
12th June following, the E.W. Bro. William Pye, the premier 
Prov. G.M., being its first Master. The first clergyman initiated 
in Cornwall was the Eev. AVilliam Borlase, his reception taking 
place on Sept. 26th of the same year. For many years the 
minutes of the Prov. G. L. were entered in the same volume as 
the Eecords of the Lodge, the secretary of the latter being also 
Prov. G. Sec, not a few of the transactions being of a very re- 
markable character. In consequence of the " Union " of Dec, 
1813, " Love and Honour " was constituted the Conservator of 
the recognised Ceremonies as obtained from the E.W. Bro. 
William Ernshaw, who represented the " Lodge of Promulga- 
tion " at Falmouth, Sept. 23rd, 1812. A Lodge of Emergency 
was convened for the purpose, and was well attended by 
members and visitors. On Feb. 12th, 1783, the Lodge lent 
a sum of money to the Grand Lodge, without interest, in order 
to assist in extinguishing the debt, and was presented with one 
of the "'Freemasons' Hall Medals," of silver, to be worn by the 
W.M. for the time being in j^erpetuity. This special distinction 
is only enjoyed by three other Lodges in the Provinces, viz., 
No. 41, Bath ; No. 154, Wakefield ; and No. 237, Swansea. Its 
members have also a Centenary Jewel Warrant, granted in 1869. 

Freemasonry in Devon and Cornivall. 13 

The only other Centenary Lodge is No. 131, Truro, origmally 
chartered by the "Ancients," 6th July, 1772, in the 67th 
Eegiment of Foot, changed to the "Royal Eegiment of Cornish 
Miners" in 1807, but received a "Civil Warrant," 2nd Dec, 
1826, -when it was named the "Fortitude." The Centenary 
Jewel was granted in 1S73, of the well-known uniform pattern. 
Many of the early Eecords of this Lodge are very curious and 
interesting, particularly during its connection with the " Cornish 

The "Mount Sinai," No. 121, was established by the same 
Grand Lodge, 1st Nov., 1769, in the Island of Granada; but 
the Warrant for Penzance was not promulgated until 21st Dec, 
1813, though it ranks as second in point of seniority in the 
county, meeting in the Masonic Hall, Public Buildings, from 
1867. The quartette of last century Lodges is complete with 
" True and Faithful," No. 318, first of all attached to the 
" Cornwall Eegiment of Fencible Light Dragoons," on April 1st, 
1797, becoming a " Civil," or " Stationary," Lodge later on. 

Another Military Lodge, originally, was No. 330, Bodmin, 
granted March 8th, 1810, in the "Eoyal Cornwall Eegiment of 
Militia," the stationary Charter dating from July 12th, 1830; 
the only other of pre-Union Constitution being No. 331, the 
"PhcEnix Lodge of Honour and Prudence," of April 11th, 1810. 

It is much to be regretted that several of the old Lodges, 
which did good service in their time, failed to keep on the 
EoU, — those of A.D. 1752 at Helston and Truro, of 1754 at 
Eedruth, of 1755 at Penzance, and of 1765 at St. Ives, calling 
for special mention. 

The Prov. Grand Lodge is one of the oldest in England, 
having been instituted in 1752, with the E.W. Bro. William Pye 
as Prov. G.M. According to the Official Eecord the E.W. Bro. 
George Bell succeeded to that office in 1764, and Stephen Bell 
in 1779, the fourth Prov. G. Master being Sir John St. Aubyn, 
Bart. P.S.G.W. of England, and one of the holders of the 
special F.M. Hall Medal. The principal Jewels still used by the 
Prov. G.L. were presented in 1794 by that zealous Brother, who 
was installed on Sep. 7th, 1786. The " Sword of State " was 
likewise given by Bro. Sir Francis Bassett, Bart. At the 
meeting at Falmouth in 1799, the Provincial Grand Masters of 

14 Freemasonry in Devon and Cornwall. 

Devon and Somerset (the R.W. Bro. John Smith) were present, 
as also Bro. the Eight Hon. Lord Eolle. 

Sir John St. Aiibyn died in 1839, but, owing to difficulties 
which were in due course removed, his successor was not 
appointed until 26th Jan., 1843, when the M.W.G.M. (the Earl 
of Zetland) nominated Sir Charles Lemon, Bart., M.P. The 
installation took place in Easter, 1844, the " St. Aubyn Vase " 
being used as the " Cup of Brotherly Love," and at the Banquet 
a Portrait, by Opie, of the late Pro v. G.M., was presented, on 
behalf of Lady St. Aubyn, to the Prov. G. Lodge. 

In 1868, owing to indifferent health. Sir Charles Lemon 
retired, and the R.W. Bro. Augustus Smith became the energetic 
Euler, by patent from Lord Zetland of 24th July of that year, 
and was installed at Truro on the 30th of the same month by 
the E.W. Bro. John Huyshe, then the D. Prov. G.M. of Devon. 

The 7th Prov. G.M., the Bight Hon. the 4th Earl of Mount 
Edgcumbe, on the lamented decease of his immediate pre- 
decessor, was appointed on Dec. 9th, 1872, by the Most Noble 
the Marquis of Eipon, G.M., the Installation meeting being 
held at Truro on July 22nd, 1873. The Installing Master was 
again the Eev. John Huyshe, then Prov. G.M. of the adjoining 
Province, and who impressively placed the popular "Prov. G.M. 
of the West " in the Chair. His Lordship has had as Deputy 
Prov. G. Masters, Bros. Sir Frederick M. Williams, Bart., M.P., 
P.G.W. ; Eeginald Eogers ; Colonel J. W. Peard (all deceased) ; 
Sir Charles Brune Graves-Sawle, Bart., P.G.W., succeeding 
from the year 1880. 

In Devon, from 1732 to 1888, 82 Lodges have been at work, 
and 45 in Cornwall, making a total of 127. Of these there are 
still 52 existing in Devon and 30 in Cornwall, or 82 in all (the 
same number as the Lodges held in Devon at one time or 
other), the remainder having been erased or removed to other 

The "Devon Masonic Educational Fund" was established 
in 1879, and the " Cornwall Masonic Annuity and Benevolent 
Fund" (for Annuities, Educational purposes, &c.) in 1864, both 
of which excellent Societies are doing well. 

Five hundred guineas were raised to purchase the " Huyshe 
Presentation Fund" in the " R. Mas. Inst, for Boys," held 

Freemasonry in Devon and Cornwall. 15 

daring the lifetime of the present Prov. G.M. Lord Ebrington 
has, in the kindest manner, effected an Insurance on his life, so 
that the privilege may be continued by his Lordship's successor; 
an event which the Devonshire Graft trusts will be long delayed. 

Full particulars may be obtained of the Lodges in the two 
Counties by consulting Bro. Jno. Lane's colossal work, 
"Masonic Eecords, 1717-1886," and special information 
respecting the Medals alluded to may be found in my "Masonic 
Eegister " of 1878. Of late years local Calendars offer an 
excellent medium for registering official and other changes, and 
are very useful for general reference. 

The first published was in 1865 to 1868 (inclusive), printed 
by the late Bro. J. E. H. Spry, of Devonport, and edited by 
myself, entitled the " Devon and Cornwall Masonic Calendar." 
This series was followed in 1870 by the " Devon and Cornwall 
Masonic Eegister," printed and edited at Plymouth by the late 
Bro. L. D. Westcott, and was continued for the years 1871-4, 
1876-8 (inclusive). In 1881 Bro. James Jerman, of Exeter, 
edited the " Masonic Directory for Devon," and from 1886 the 
"Devon Masonic Eegister" has been edited and published by 
Bro. W. F. Westcott, of Plymouth. 

From 1870 to 1889, omitting only the years 1872 and 1881, 
I have edited the " Official Directory for the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Cornwall," supplements being printed for 1880 and 
1883 ; so that there is no lack of material for the preparation 
of an Official History of the two Provinces, a work which is 
much needed. 


Torquay, July 9th, 1889. 


39, St. John the Baptist, Exeter 
70, St. John's Lodge, Plymouth 
75, Love and Honour, Fahnouth 

105, Fortitude Lodge, Plymouth 

106, Sun Lodge, Exmouth 
Hi!, St. George's, Exeter 
121, Mount Sinai, Penzance 
131, Fortitude Lodge, Truro 
156, Harmony Lodge, Plymouth 

159, Brunswick Lodge, B. Stonehouse 
164, Perseverance Lodge, Sidmouth 

tl89. Sincerity Lodge, E. Stonehouse 
202, Friendship Lodge, Devonport 
223, Charity Lodge, Plymouth 
230, Fidelity Lodge, Devonport 
248, True Love and Unity, Brixham 
251, Loyal Lodge, Barnstaple 
282, Bedford Lodge, Tavistock 

t303. Benevolent Lodge, Teignmouth 
318, True and Faithful, Helston 
328, St. John's Lodge, Torquay 

330, One and All Lodge, Bodmin 

331, Phoenix, Honour, &c., Truro 
37'2, Harmony, Budleigh Salterton 
421, Loyal Industry, Southmolton 
444, Union Lodge, Staroross 

450, Cornubian Lodge, Hayle 
489, Benevolence Lodge, Bideford 
494, Virtue and Honour, Axminster 
496, Peace and Harmony, St. Austell 

t510, St. Martin's Lodge, Liskeard 
557, Loyal Victoria, Gallington 
589, Druids Love & Liberality, Redruth 
666, Benevolence, Princetown 
699, Boscawen Lodge, Ghacewater 
710, Pleiades Lodge, Totnes 
789, Dunheved Lodge, Launceston 

t797, Hauley Lodge, Dartmouth 
847, Fortescue Lodge, Honiton 
856, Kestormel Lodge, Lostwithiel 
893, Meridian Lodge, Millbrook 
954, St. Aubyn Lodge, Devonport 
967, Three Grand Principles, Penryn. 
970, St. Anne's Lpdge, East Looe 
977, Fowey Lodge, Powey 

1006, TreguUow Lodge, St. Day 

1071, Zetland Lodge, Saltash 
tl091, Erme Lodge, Ivybridge 
tl099, Huyshe Lodge, Stoke, Devonport 

1125, St. Peter's Lodge, Tiverton 

1135, Concord Lodge, Ilfracombe 

1136, Carew Lodge, I'orpoint 
tll38, Devon Lodge, Nev?ton Abbot 

1151, St. Andrew's Lodge, Tywardreath 
1164, Eliot Lodge, St. Germans 
1181, De la Pole Lodge, Seaton 
tl205, Metham Lodge, Bast Stonehouse 
tl212. The Elms, Stoke, Devonport 
tl247. The St. John's Lodge, Plymouth 
1254, Semper Fidelis Lodge, Exeter 
tl255, Dundas Lodge, Plymouth 
1272, Tregenna Lodge, St. Ives 
f 1284, Brent Lodge, Topsham 

1332, Unity Lodge, Crediton 
tl358, Torbay Lodge, Paignton 
tl402, Jordan Lodge, Torquay 
tl443, Salem Lodge, Dawlish 
tl486,Duncombe, Kingsbridge 

1528, Fort Lodge, Newquay . 

1529, Duke of Cornwall, St. Columb 
1544, Mount Edgcumbe, Camborne 

tl550,- Prudence Lodge, Plymouth 
tl753. Obedience Lodge, Okehampton 
1785, St. Petroc Lodge, Padstow 
1847, Ebrington Lodge, E. Stonehouse 
1855, St. Maurice Lodge, Pljonpton 
1885, Torridge Lodge, Great Torrington 
1954, Molesworth Lodge, Wadebridge 
2025, St. George's Lodge, E. Stonehouse 
2166, Cothele Lodge, Calstock 
2189, Ashburton Lodge, Ashburton 
2258, W. D. United Service, Stonehouse 


70, St. John's Chapter, Plymouth 
75, Volubian Chapter, Falmouth 

105, Fortitude Chapter, Plymouth 

106, Sun Chapter, Exmouth 

112, St. George's Chapter, Exeter 
121, Holy Mount Chapter, Penzance' 

+156, Harmony Chapter, Plymouth 
159, Brunswick Chapter, Plymouth 
189, Sincerity Chapter, E. Stonehouse 
202, Friendship Chapter, Devonport 
223, Concord Chapter, Plymouth 
230, Fidelity Chapter, Devonport 
248, Fidelity Chapter, Brixham 
251, Lovalty and Virtue, Barnstaple 
232, Bedford Chapter, Tavistock 
303, Benevolent Chapter, Teignmouth 

+328, St. John's Chapter, Torquay 

330, St. Petroc Chapter, Bodmin 

331, Loyal Cornubian, "Truro 
444, Jerusalem Chapter, Staroross 
450, Hayle Chapter, Hayle 

494, Virtue Chapter, Axminster 
496, Mount Edgcumbe, St. Austell 
510, St. Martin's Chapter, Liskeard 
557, Valletort Chapter, Callington 
710, Pleiades Chapter, Totnes 
789, Dunheved Chapter, Launceston 
t847, Fortescue Chapter, Honiton 
954, St. Aubyn Chapter, Devonport 
970, St. Anne's Chapter, Bast Looe 
1006, Rose of Sharon, St. Day, Scorrier 
1071, Zetland Chapter, Saltash 
1099, Huyshe Chapter, Stoke 
1125, St. Peter's Chapter, Tiverton 
+1188, Devon Chapter, Newton Abbot 
1151, Unity Chapter, Tywardreath 
1164, Eliot Chapter, St. Germans 
1205, Elliott Chapter, East Stonehouse 
1234, Brent Chapter, Topsham 
fl255, Dundas Chapter, Plymouth 
1358, Torbay Chapter, Paignton 
2025, St. George's Chapt., E. Stonehouse 

I Vide the following "Consecration" and "Dedication" Orations. 



February 22nd, 1866. 

Most Excellent Sir and Companions, — It is an easy task 
to address a gathering of the brethren on the principles of 
Freemasonry, for he who speaks is always assured that they 
who listen will, from kindly and fraternal regard, overlook all 
errors, while, by their own intelligence, they can supply all 
omissions and shortcomings. Neither would any true brother 
of the Order shrink from defending his principles when 
unjustly assailed by those who show their incapacity to sit 
in judgement upon us by an utter want of that charity 
which thinketh no evil and speaketh no evil. He would go 
further, and easily show to the outer world that a full 
recognition of our principles would promote peace and good- 
will among men, and that if they could be made to persuade 
the whole world from north to south and from east to west, 
ascending to the proudest monarch on his throne, and 
descending to the lowest peasant in his cot, and would arrest 
those infuriate passions by which 

"Man's iahumanity to man makes countless myriads mourn," 

and which, through successive ages, since Abel fell by the 
fratricidal blow of Cain, have down to our own time, arrayed 
father against son and brother against brother in deadly strife. 
It is an easy task to follow the teaching of the three 
first degrees to show the just and upright Mason, directed 
bv Prudence, chastened by Temperance, supported by Fortitude, 

18 Harmony Chapter, Plymouth. 

and guided by Justice, practising Charity, which is the 
greatest of all the cardinal virtues — not the charity of relief 
only and almsgiving, important as they are, but that charity 
which suffereth long and is kind, which carries comfort and 
consolation to the door of everyone who is afflicted or 
distressed, in body, in mind, and in circumstances. To show 
him in the second degree cultivating the intellectual powers 
with which God has blessed him, as well to his glory as to 
the welfare of his fellow creatures ; to show him leaving his 

" Footprints on the sands of time, 
Footprints which perhaps another, 

Sailing o'er life's stormy main, 
Some forlorn and shipwrecked brother 

Seeing, may revive again." 

In the third degree we see the good and upright Mason 
standing on the brink of the grave which must so soon 
receive him into its cold bosom, through whose dark portals 
he must pass ere he can reach a happier and a brighter 
world. Calm and collected, he raises his eye to that bright 
Morning Star whose rising shall bring peace and salvation to 
the faithful and obedient of the human race. And then, 
when death has thrown his sable mantle around him, when 
the last arrow of our mortal enemy has been despatched— 
when the bow of the mighty conqueror has been broken by 
the iron arm of Time — when the angel of the Lord has 
proclaimed that time itself shall be no more, and when God 
by that victory has subdued all things to Himself, then, with 
the eye of faith, we may see our brother receiving the reward 
of his virtue, by acquiring possession of an immortal 
inheritance in those immortal mansions now veiled from 
human eyes, where the true secrets of Masonry shall be 
revealed to him, never again to be concealed. But as I 
approach the fourth degree — the Eoyal Arch — all my ease 
disappears. Like the ladder in Jacob's dream, the base rests 
on the most solid foundation, the intermediate steps are clear 

Harmony Chapter, Plymouth. 19 

and defined, but the summit is buried in the clouds, and I 
pause in the presence of that awful Name around which 
centres all the solemn mysteries of this sublime degree. Of 
the earth, earthy, of the world, worldly, how can I dilate on this 
mighty theme, which, in successive ages, poets, priests, prophets, 
psalmist, and evangelist, have essayed in vain ! How can I 
expatiate on that grand, awful, tremendous, and incompre- 
hensible name of the Most High, signifying I AM — the 
beginning and the ending, which was and is to come — the 
past, actual, future, and all-sufiicient God, who alone has His 
being of and in Himself, and gives to all others their being; 
that He was and that He shall be both what He is and 
what He shall be, all creatures depending on His almightj' 
will. In the presence of language such as this, it almost seems 
as if a voice whispered in my ear, " Draw not nigh hither; take 
off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place on which thou 
standest is holy ground." The penitential sign in this 
degree teaches that we should not approach the throne 
of grace save with bended knee and uplifted arms, in token 
of our humility and dependence. Let us rather follow the 
safe and reverential guidance of that ancient people the 
Jews, who never repeat or write the name of Jehovah, and 
which the high priest alone was permitted to pronounce but 
once a year when he entered the sanctum sanctorum to 
make atonement for the sins of the people. Let us take 
care that we do not incur, here or elsewhere, by undue 
familiarity with or too frequent repetition of that sacred 
Name, the dread penalty of the awful commandment, " Thou 
shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain." The 
Essenes, a sect of the Jewish people, and from whom I have 
no doubt that the Eoyal degree was derived, were especially 
careful on this point. They formed themselves into a strict 
association, bound together by the most solemn obligations, 
spending their substance on their poorer brethren, and 
avoiding all topics of religious discussion. They advanced by 

20 Harmony Chapter, Plymouth. 

successive degrees given to the candidates at the intervals 
of a year, and after repeated examinations. On admission, 
the candidate was adjured to lead a pure and holy life, to 
guard carefully and transmit faithfully the secrets of the 
Order, which consisted of various names of the Deity, 
commencing with one of twelve letters, and another of 
forty-two, until they reached that of the Tetragrammaton, 
which none were permitted to pronounce aloud. Like ourselves, 
the candidates were clothed in white rohes and aprons, and 
were presented with the shovel. Let us then, without following 
to the full extent the example thus set ua, imitate the 
reverence by which they were actuated. May it. Companions, 
lead us to a proper reverence for the incomprehensible 
Jehovah, the Eternal Euler of the Universe, the elemental 
life, the pure ideal source of all principles, the very spring 
and fountain may speak of all its virtues and all its blessings. 
But, Companions, passing from this part of the Eoyal Arch 
degree, there is one portion of its teaching which we openly, and 
which we must follow, if we would be Masons in anything but 
name. The same silver chord which runs through the other 
degrees runs through this as well. A golden circle unites 
them all from the first to this which is the climax of 
Freemasonry. Bear with me while I press upon you to 
remember that around this sacred altar you have solemnly 
vowed to befriend a brother in his need, to judge him with 
candour, and to reprehend him with mercy. You have vowed 
also to look beyond particular institutions, whether civil or 
religious, and to behold in every child of Adam a brother of 
the dust, and to extend comfort and consolation to every one 
of your fellow-creatures in the hour of their need. You have 
vowed to be discreet, prudent, and temperate, faithful in your 
various callings, liberal and diffusive in your charity, steadfast 
in your friendships, just, kind, amiable, and virtuous in your 
deportment, so that the world may see what happy and 
beneficent effects flow from our ancient and honourable 

Harmony Chapter, Plymouth. 21 

Institution. And then, when the dread hour of your own 
trial approaches, you will feel that to the just and upright 
Mason death hath no terrors. If we have used the working 
tools of a Royal Arch Mason aright — if with the pickaxe 
we have cleared away the ruins of the temple of a fallen 
nature — if with the trowel we have built up a fairer temple 
for the reception of truth and virtue — if with tiie sword by 
our side we have fought for the weak against the strong, 
'the true against the false, and the good against the evil — if 
with the spade we have buried the rubbish of the body of 
the old Adam — then to us, as to our ancient brethren in the 
vaulted chamber, the sun at its meridian shall dispel the 
mists of doubt, ignorance, and error, and make that light to 
us in death which was dark in life. Then, throwing ourselves 
on the mercy of our Creator and Judge, and looking forward 
to the fulfilment of His gracious promises, by which alone 
we can pass through the ark of our redemption, we shall 
reach the presence of HIM who is the great I AM, the 
Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, then shall 
we see the great Jehovah, not as through glass, darkly, but 
face to face ; then shall we indeed 

" See heaven its sparkling portals wide display, 
And break upon us in a, flood of day ! 
No more the rising sun shall gild the morn, 
Nor even Cynthia fill her silver horn ! 
But lost — dissolved in thy superior rays — 
One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze, 
O'erflow thy courts ! The Light himself shall shine 
Revealed ; and God's eternal day be thine ! 
The seas shall waste, the skies in smoke decay, 
Rocks fall to dust, and mountains melt away I 
But fixed His word, His saving power remains, 
Thy realm for ever lasts — thy ovm Messiah reigns!" 



May 24th, 1S66. 

Very Woethy and Woeshipful Sie, — As Senior Warden 

of the Province, I am deputed by the brethren to request you 

will do them the honour to invest our Provincial Grand Master 

with this chain of solid gold, these gauntlets, collar, and apron, 

which have been provided for the occasion by the voluntary 

contributions of the Masons of Devonshire, in their collective 

and individual character, The business-like habits, the zeal and 

Masonic energy, of our Provincial Grand Master are, I am well 

aware, fully recognised by the Grand Lodge. But we are 

desirous that you. Worshipful Sir, to whom I beg to tender the 

thanks of my brethren and myself for the honour you have done 

us in coming among us to perform this interesting ceremony, 

should have the opportunity of witnessing for yourself, and of 

reporting to the Grand Master of England, when you return to 

London, the estimation in which our Provincial Grand Master 

is held by us, and our appreciation of those private virtues and 

excellent public qualities, which have not only rendered him so 

popular as our ruler, but which have made him the adviser, 

friend, and more than brother of all of us. To those qualities 

must also be ascribed the eminence which Devonshire enjoys 

among the provinces of England. The poet of all time, the 

immortal Shakspeare, whose writings teem with so much of 

universal brotherhood and Masonic sentiment, has furnished us 

with a passage most appropriate to the position of our P.G.M. 

He says — 

" Some are born great, some achieve greatness, 
And some have greatness thrust upon them.' 

Installation of Rev. J. Huyshe. 23 

It has been the enviable lot of our Brother Huyshe to achieve 
greatness for himself — a greatness built up stone by stone and 
step by step, by services rendered, through long and arduous 
zeal, not only to the craft, but to humanity at large, and 
cemented together by the daily practice of " brotherly love, 
relief, and truth," in their best and widest sense. As a clergy- 
man, as a magistrate, a landlord, and a friend, as well as Deputy 
Provincial Grand Master of this Province, he has led a life of 
usefulness such as best became a true Masonic gentleman. 
With regard to such men, it has been bitterly said of us as a 
nation, that we " love to deck the tomb, but neglect to crown 
the living brow." I trust this will never be said of Masons even 
in the acknowledgement of smaller services than have been 
rendered to the craft by our P.G.M. In his case we desire, 
to-day, emphatically to recognize living worth, and to record our 
many and deep obligations to him, our only regret being that 
our offering is so little commensurate with the occasion. — 
Turning then to the P.G.M., the speaker said — Dear Brother 
Huyshe, Pardon, I pray you, this famihar expression in the 
midst of this august ceremonial. Had it pleased the Great 
Architect of the Universe to visit you with bodily illness, to 
reduce you from affluence and comfort to the lowest depth of 
poverty and want, or to afflict you with that greatest, because 
most irreparable, of all earthly trials — the loss of those nearest 
and dearest to you — our condolence would be prefaced by those 
simple words — Dear Brother Huyshe. And now, when you are 
installed in that eminent position, which you have proved 
yourself, by long and devoted service to the craft, so well 
qualified to adorn ; when we congratulate you and ourselves on 
this auspicious fulfilment of a just and honorable ambition, and 
offer you these tokens of our esteem and regard, I can find no 
preface to my pleasing task more grateful to my own lips, more 
grateful, I am sure, to the brethren, and, as I believe, to 
yourself, than these simple words, " Dear Brother Huyshe." I 
dwell on these words, so often and so familiarly used in our long 

24 Installation of Rev. J. Huyshe. 

social and fraternal intercourse, ere they fall into disuse, but 
never into forgetfulness, and make way for that prouder but 
more formal title which befits your new and exalted rank. 
Dear Brother Huyshe, the chain of solid gold, which it is my 
privilege to offer you in the name of your brethren, is by its 
strength, purity, and durability, meant to symbolize both our 
reverence for you and our willing obedience to you in the 
discharge of your exalted functions, and our strong, unalloyed, 
and enduring attachment to you personally. Long may you 
wear and grace our gift ; long may you be spared in bodily and 
mental health to exercise over us your genial and fraternal 
sway ; long distant be the period when the Great Architect of 
the Universe shall summon you to take your place in the Grand 
Lodge above. But when that time comes to you, as come it 
must to all of us, may the Masons of that day be able to declare, 
as we the Masons of this day declare, with fervent, sincere, and 
grateful feelings for all you have done for us and for our craft, 
" He fed us with a true and faithful heart, and ruled us 
prudently with all his power."' 




LODGES 1091 AND 1099, 

August 30th, 1866. 

Very Worshipful Sir and Brethren, — By command of the 
Provincial Grand Master, and in accordance with the ancient 
custom usual on occasions like the present, the duty devolves on 
me of delivering an address on the merits and obligations of 
our order. Were I as able as I am willing, the task would 
easily be accomplished, for the materials are, indeed, abundant 
to prove its antiquity and its value. Masonry was practised by 
the shepherd astronomers and astrologers of Chaldea, by the 
priest-kings of Egypt, by the Brahmins of India, and by the 
philosophers of Greece, and it reached its meridian splendour 
when Solomon, the then Grand Master of the Order, surrounded 
by his brethren, laid, with masonic honours, the foundation 
stone of the Temple which he intended to dedicate to the service 
of God. We have the authority of a credible Eoman historian 
for saying, that when Julian, the Apostate, 1,800 years after, 
cleared the foundations of the same temple, the vaulted chamber 
was discovered in which our ancient brethren had assembled, 
with its most sacred and most secret symbols perfect and un- 
disturbed. These symbols are to be traced among nations wide 
as the poles asunder, differing as much in their language, creed, 
colour, and character as in the period at which, and the land in 
which, they lived. They are to be found on the pyramids of 

26 Huyshe Temple, Plymouth, and Lodges 1091 and 1099. 

Egypt, the caves of Elephanta, the temples of classic Greece, 
the round towers of Ireland, the courts of the Alhambra, and 
the arches of our sublime cathedrals. Whence, then, this 
universal presence and permanence ? Because its foundations 
rest not on the mutable and perishable circumstances of external 
life, but on sentiments which spring from, and appeal to, the 
most deep-seated affections of our nature, and are founded on 
the purest principles of piety and virtue. The volume of the 
sacred law is never closed in our lodges ; from its pages we de- 
rive our duty to God, our neighbours, and ourselves. We learn 
to look up to God as the one great cause, to implore His aid on 
all our lawful undertakings, and to bend with resignation to His 
Divine will. We are taught to regard the whole human race as 
the children of one Father, whom we are to treat with justice, 
to relieve in want, and comfort in sorrow. For ourselves, we 
are taught to be prudent, temperate, enduring, and just. As 
citizens we are enjoined to bo loyal and peaceful, our motto being, 
" Fear God, honour the Sovereign." Under every emblem in 
our lodges there lie solemn and important truths, tending to 
purify the morals, to improve the understanding, bind the 
human family more closely together, and to raise the soul to 
God. The implements of labour teach us the use we are to 
make upon earth of the talents committed to us by our Great 
Creator and Judge, and remind us of the account we must 
render of their use when we are summoned to His presence in 
the Grand Lodge above. Freemasons, in those dark ages when 
might made right, guarded with jealous care the feeble ray of 
light which was in hourly danger of being extinguished by the 
violence of rude and untutored savages. Sustained by the 
felicitous combination of the love of art and the sublime truths 
of religion and morality which Freemasonry taught them, they 
fanned the feeble spark until it burst into a bright and enduring 
tiame, which has shewn its fruits in the ci"eation of those 
miracles of art which still astonish, delight, and instruct the 
world. Again, Freemasonry has bound men more closely to- 

Huyshe Temple, Plymouth, and Lodges 1091 and 1099. 27 

gether than any other human institution. In those dark ages 
to which I have alluded, Freemasonry not only protected those 
who were within its pale, but threw its shield, like its offspring 
Chivalry, over all who were suffering and oppressed. In our 
more fortunate age it has cemented friendships, restored the 
credit of the bankrupt merchant, succoured the shipwrecked and 
exiled, set the prisoner free, fed the hungry, clothed the naked, 
visited the widow and orphan, and even arrested the uplifted 
steel thirsting for a foeman's blood. It has an universal 
language, and an universal fand of benevolence. It brings all 
classes of men together in equal and social intercourse. In our 
lodges are those whose birth is noble, whose possessions are 
vast, whose talents are great, and whose taste is refined ; by 
their side sit those who possess none of these things, and whom 
the outer world deems insignificant because they are poor ; yet 
to them the rich man yields precedence and obedience in the 
lodge, and in the public streets and market place salutes their 
brothers. Thus each learns to read and value the mind of the 
other, and to feel a deep sympathy for each other in the wants 
and pains of their common nature. The scrupulous exclusion 
from our lodges of all topics of religious and political discussion 
— those fruitful sources of envenomed dissension elsewhere — 
maintains this good feeling, and gives permanence to our insti- 
tution. The names of Alfred the Great and many other 
sovereigns, William of Wykeham, Cardinal Wolsey, Newton, 
Locke, Sir Christopher Wren, Inigo Jones, Brougham, J. 
Erskine, Wellington, and Washington, silence calumny, and 
show that our science has a deep and abiding interest for the 
statesman, the minister of religion, the patriot, the man of 
science, and the philanthropist. And now, my brethren, let me 
ask how shall we best maintain and transmit the dignity of our 
order unsullied to our successors ? I answer, by simply remem- 
bering that to each of us great talents, pure masonic jewels, of 
which those we wear are but the emblems, have been committed, 
which it is a sin against Him who confided them to us to bury 

28 Huyslie Temple, Plymouth, and Lodges 1091 and 1099. 

in a napkin. Let each remember that he is a stone forming a 
part of the great masonic temple, whether in the foundations, 
the buttresses, the walls, or the pinnacle, to which he can give 
strength, grace, and lustre, by a life modelled on masonic prin- 
ciples, or dim its brightness and sap its foundations by forget- 
fulness of his obligations. Whatever good thing we find to do 
let us do it at once, and with all our might, for " the night 
Cometh when no man can work." Our own cup has been filled 
to overflowing by the great Dispenser of All Bounty, with corn 
and wine, with oil and salt ; let us shew our gratitude to the 
Giver by extending the readiest and amplest relief to every being 
who bears His image, who depends upon His providence, who is 
fed by His bounty, and who relies on His all- comprehending 
mercy. Brother Masons, — Let us look beyond the narrow 
limits of particular institutions, and recognise in every child of 
Adam a brother of the dust. Let us strive to bind the whole 
human family together with the strong chain of brotherly love, 
relief, and with charity in thought, charity in word, and charity 
in deed, engraven on each golden link. When this shall be 
accomplished, then shall the whole race of man of every sphere, 
nation, colour, creed, and language be fused into one universal 
brotherhood, — sending up to the great I AM the most accept- 
able offering and oblation, one universal song of praise, bursting 
forth as from one tongue, welling up as from one soul : — 

Father of all ! in every age. 

In every clime adored, 
By saint, by savage, and by sage, 

Jehovah ! Euler ! Lord ! 

To Thee, whose temple is all space, 

Whose altar, earth, air, skies, 
One chorus let all beings raise. 

All Nature's incense rise. 

When that day comes we will lay aside our working tools, for 
our labours will be ended. Then will our lodges be closed, and 
our secrets may be proclaimed from the housetop, for the 
mission of Freemasonry will be accomplished. Let all the 
brethren unite with me in saying — So mote it be. 



November 28th, 1866. 

Eight Worshipful Sir and Brethren, — The diffidence I 
naturally feel in again undertaking to deliver the oration usual 
at the dedication of every Masonic Temple is removed when I 
reflect that the theme on which I have to speak carries with it 
its own inspiration, and that even if I fail to reach the " height 
of this great argument," I shall receive from you the same 
indulgent consideration I have so often experienced. Having 
so lately, and more than once, addressed the Provincial Grand 
Lodge on the history and antiquity of our order, I shall now 
confine myself to its sacred origin and teaching. We know 
that upon Freemasonry the passing events of the world make 
no change and exercise no influence. Her doctrines were 
established before the pyramids were founded, and they will 
flourish when not one brick remains upon another to show 
where the pyramids were placed. We believe that the day will 
come when her doctrines will overspread the earth, as the waters 
cover the sea, from the frozen North to the sultry South, from 
the East, the birthplace of the cheerful day, to the West, the 
bed of the mournful night. And why have we this confident 
belief? Because it it founded on eternal truth, which knows 
and can know no change ; because on this book, the volume of 
the Sacred Law, we rest our faith, our principles, our teaching. 
Coming to us not as the discovery of the genius of man, but as 
the revelation of God Himself, it is in the nineteenth century 

30 Devon Lodge, No. 1138, Neioton. 

what it was in the first — fresh, immutable, eternal. It appeals, 
and Masonry echoes its divine voice, not to a creed, not to a 
party, not to a generation, but to all mankind and to all ages. 
It speaks alike to the individual and to the multitude, it 
prescribes to the loftiest genius, "thus far shalt thou come and 
no further," while to the humble spirit it whispers in parental 
tones, " Be happy in your lowly lot." It tells us of the past by 
its warnings and examples ; it spreads the present before us 
like a map of the strange land — its shoals, its quicksands, its 
sunny spots, and its pleasant resting places, through which our 
earthly pilgrimage is made as we pass onward to 

" The undiscovered country from whose bourne 
No traveller returns." 

It tells us of the future in words true as the rising and setting 
sun, that as Paradise beamed on our first parents, so shall it 
open its portals again, when this world recedes from view, to 
the faithful and obedient of the human race. The Bible has 
given to Masonry those allegories and analogies which appeal 
so strongly to the bosom of every Mason. Its aim is to promote 
the happiness of mankind, to improve the understanding, and 
impress upon its disciples the solemn truth that there is an 
omnipotent, omniscient, and ever-living God, who governs all, 
find to whom all men must render an account of a well or ill 
spent life. The beautiful ceremonies of our order, derived from 
-this book, show us that the same Almighty Power has fashioned 
and sustains the world, that he has created man, placed him in 
this universe of wonder, beauty, and order, endowed him with a 
reasoning and feeling spirit to comprehend them, and thus led 
him, as it were, by a gentle compulsion, 

" To look through Nature up to Nature's God." 

By such associations Masonry is calculated to make on the 
minds of its members an impression which can never utterly 
be effaced, although it may be from time to time dulled 

Devon Lodge, No. 1188, Newton. 31 

by the cares and temptations of the world. And when comes 
upon us that 

" Last scene of all which ends this strange eventful history," 

and we stand on the brink of the grave which must so soon 
receive us into its cold bosom, whence, but from the teaching 
of this sacred book, can we learn to gaze unflinchly into its 
dark depths, and, looking beyond its gloomy portal, raise the 
the eye of Faith to that bright Morning Star, whose rising shall 
bring peace and salvation to all who accept its teaching and 
follow its injuctions? — whence, but from its promises can we 
learn to regard Death not as the King of Terrors — a ghastly 
grinning skeleton of decaying mortality — but a sweet gentle 
mother come to claim her own child again, yearning to clasp 
him to her warm bosom, to shelter him in her protecting arms 
from all life's trials, disappointments, and pains, and to lull him 
into a grateful and eternal rest ? If we are good Masons we 
shall realise this picture in our own persons. Our obligations, 
if they mean anything, mean that we have given ourselves to 
others, that we have resolved to form all mankind into one 
universal brotherhood, to gather up, as it were, the fragments 
of a ruined nature, and build them into a perfect temple. 
Such is the work to which every Mason, in his generation, has 
bound himself to add a stone. The builder builds for centuries 
— we for eternity. A hundred thousand men laboured to raise 
a pyramid over a dead king ; let us feel and show that we are 
engaged in a far nobler work, in erecting a living temple to the 
living God — a temple not be judged by its outer magnificence, 
but by its inner decorations, and by its fruit which is to last 
for ever. 

In days of ancient art 

Men strove with anxious care 
To mind the unseen part, 

For the Gods were everywhere. 

Let's do our part as well — 

Both the unseen and the seen — 
And make the house where God doth dwell 

Beautiful, and fair, and clean. 

32 Devon Lodge, No. 1138, Newton. 

If we would value at their proper worth those wondrous pillars 
of Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty, on which Freemasonry rests, 
we must begin with that practical humility which can alone 
break down the barriers and bridge over the gulf which now 
divides man from his fellow-man ; with that charity which 
suffereth long and is kind, which thinketh no evil and speaketh 
no evil, which judges with candour and reprehends with mercy ; 
with that submission to the Divine Will which teaches us to 
trust in God ourselves, and to feel toward others that love of 
which He is the essence ; with that benevolence which so many 
need while treading, side by side with us, the thorny road of 
life, benevolence which we, in turn, may have to ask from 
others, and under what circumstances of danger, difiSculty, and 
distress, God only knows. We must, in daily life, seek to be 
guided by prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. We 
must be prepared to give at any moment an exact account of 
the talents committed to us by the great Lord, to Whom we are 
stewards ; we must be prepared to show that those precious 
jewels — time, intellect, and worldy wealth, have not been buried 
in the earth in a napkin, any more than they have been 
squandered in self-indulgence and vice, but that they have been 
spent in such works as are most consonant with His law and 
will. If we would learn that law and will, let us look up to 
the firmament of heaven and observe the peace and splendour 
of those countless hosts — how each rejoices, as it were, to 
subserve the universal order ; there shall we recognise an omni- 
potent, yet gentle influence, which demands and receives a 
willing and exact obedience. When we turn our eyes down to 
our globe, we see in all the works of the First Great Cause the 
same unswerving principle. It ruled at the creation, it has 
prevailed through all time, and it will bless the countless ages 
of eternity. It is the law of kindness and of love, a law given 
to Masons for their humble imitation. It is rich in promise, 
joyous in operation, and certain in its fruition as truth itself. 
Of such a law how can I better speak than in the language of 

Devon Lndc/e, No. 1138, Newton. 33 

an old divine — language noble as ever fell from the lips of 
uninspired man ! Would that voice or gesture of mine could 
do it justice! " Of this law of kindness and love there can be 
no less acknowledgment than that her tent is in the bosom of 
God, her voice is the harmony of the spheres ; all things in 
heaven and earth conspire to do her homage, the very least 
as feeling her care, the very greatest as not exempted from her 
power ; angels and men, and creatures of what condition soever, 
though each in different voice and manner, yet all with unison 
of conduct, admiring and praising her, the mother of their 
peace and joy." 

"Worshipful Master and Brethren of Lodge Devon. — 
To-day we commit to you the honour of this Province and the 
Craft ; see that you guard them well. Your history is yet 
unwritten ; see that its pages never record an act which, living 
or dying, you may wish to blot ! May the corn, the wine, the 
oil, and the salt, used in our ceremonies to-day, and the qualities 
they typify, be ever present to your thoughts. Eemember that 
you have vowed to be discreet and temperate, liberal in charity, 
steadfast in friendship, just and virtuous in deportment, so shall 
the world see what beneficent effects flow from our ancient and 
honourable institution ! 8ay not I have entered to-day on too 
lofty a flight of speculation, and left terrestrial difficulties too 
far below. Not so : you cannot attain excellence unless your 
aim be measured by the highest standard. The actual powers 
of fallen nature forbid perfection; but we are commanded to 
be perfect, and it is your special and self-imposed duty to do 
your best to become so. As Masons, striving to bring the whole 
human family into one universal brotherhood, it is good for you 
td reflect how much of the misery which man suffers or inflicts 
is due to himself. As Masons it is good for you to resolve that as 
far as your iufluence extends, individually and collectively, those 
ills so pathetically lamented by our gifted brother, the poet 

Burns, by which 

" Man's iahumanity to man 
Makes countless myriads mourn " 


Devon Lodge, No. 1188, Newton. 

shall cease for ever. It is good for you to reflect that the 
principle of self-control, which this involves, is the mainspring 
of all social and individual happiness. Whether it be the 
Sovereign on the throne, the labourer at the plough, or our- 
selves, in our public, domestic, or masonic life, this self-control, 
this forgetfulness of self, this care for the hiippiness of others, 
is the great and vital source of all that is considerate, dignified, 
virtuous, and true. It is, in very deed and truth, real Masonry. 
Dear brethren, I pray that the Great Architect of the Universe 
will prosper you in your undertaking, and bless and preserve 
you in time and in eternity ! 



June 11th, 1867. 

EioHT Worshipful Sir and Dear Brethren, — When the 
heart is deeply stirred, the tongue seeks in vain for appropriate 
words to express its sentiments, and I fear I may appear un- 
grateful and cold while I am really striving how best to thank 
you for your beautiful and costly gift. I do thank you for it 
with all my heart ; but for your kindly expressions, for the warm 
congratulations which have met me on every side, I feel more 
grateful still. No man, however high or low in rank — however 
good or bad in conduct, can be indifferent to the opinion of his 
fellows. It is therefore with peculiar gratification I see here to 
to-night, joining to do me honour, so many — indeed I may say 
all — of my brethren of my dear Mother Lodge, and so many 
other brethren from Lodges in my native town, who have known 
me all my life. And to you, Eight Worshipful Sir, what can I 
say ? To you I am indebted for the honours which have been 
showered upon me ; you have honoured me by coming a great 
distance to present me with this testimonial, and my breast 
swells with pleasure at hearing such words of commendation 
from your lips. For all this I am deeply grateful. I am too 
sensible of my own faults and shortcomings not to feel that 
what you have said is coloured by your friendship and par- 
tiality ; you have described me as I ought to be, not as I am ; 
but I hope, by the blessing of the Great Architect of the 

36 Presentation to Bro. Metham. 

Universe, that I may live to approach nearer and nearer to 
the ideal you have painted. You have been pleased to allude to 
my labours in another but kindred field to Masonry, and have 
informed the brethren that to those labours, as well as to my 
position in the Order, I owe my elevation. This removes the 
only painful reflection which mingled with my gratified ambition 
— the fear lest any of the older and better Masons in the 
Province should feel aggrieved, or their brethren feel aggrieved 
for them, that 1 had been preferred to them. And if the 
services I have rendered to Charity merit recognition, I am 
pleased that it has first come from the Grand Master of 
England ; from you. Eight Worshipful Sir, who are my im- 
mediate chief, and from my brethren assembled here to-night. 
If this honour is conferred upon me because it is believed that 
I have done my best to " raise a superstructure perfect in all 
its parts, and honourable to the founder ; " because I have tried 
to make the watchword of our Order " Charity" a living thing 
without, as well as within, the walls of the Lodge ; because I 
have done my best, in strict conformity with the principles we 
profess, to " carry comfort and consolation to every one of my 
fellow creatures in the hour of need," then is my gratification 
enhanced. More than a quarter of a century ago I accepted, 
solemnly and deliberately, those orphans as a sacred trust 
from her who had walked an angel on earth, and who was 
about to join the company of angels in Heaven, who was their 
sole protector, and who alone, of all the men and women in 
England, thought it was not seemly that the orphans of our 
brave defenders should be left to live in the streets, to live on 
the streets, and to die in the hospital or workhouse. I mentally 
vowed to cherish them and labour for them as if they were the 
children whom God had given me as my own, and, whatever be 
my shortcomings in the other relations of public life, I think I 
can say with a safe conscience that I have manfully and faith- 
fully fulfilled that trust to the best of my ability. This month, 
perhaps this very day, will see the completion of a trust fund 

Presentation to Bra. Metham. 37 

providing for fifty orphans for ever, and if God spares me life, 
with mental and bodily health, I will not rest until that asylum 
is filled to overflowing with one hundred poor children who, but 
for its shelter, would have been paupers and outcasts, and 
probably criminals. The Provincial Grand Master has told you 
that among those who have been received in the asylum no less 
than fifteen have been found to be the orphans of Freemasons, 
and I have no doubt that that number would be found to be 
below the reality if 1 had time to pursue the inquiry. From the 
time I joined the craft I have lost no opportunity of enforcing, 
both by example and precept, devotion to those lesser lights of 
Masonry, prudence, temperance, fortitude, a.nd justice, the 
practice of which would prove to the outer world that Masonry 
was indeed a reality, an object for their reverence and regard, 
instead of an obsolete custom to be wondered at and ridiculed, 
and if I know myself I shall continue to enforce those doctrines, 
whether I be a Provincial Grand Officer, or a plain member of 
the craft. Dear brethren, I shall always regard your gift with 
pride, not the pride which would make me vainglorious or 
idle, but that true pride which will stimulate me to devote my 
best energies during the brief period of life which is left to me 
to promote the interests of Freemasonry, which, as I understand 
them, are identical with the practice of charity in every relation 
of life in the widest sense, and with the best interests of the 
human race. 



February 18th, 1868. 

To-day two more are added to the long roll of lodges which 
adorn our province ; a subject of congratulation this to all who 
believe that Freemasonry tends to enlarge the mind, to bind the 
nations of the earth, however distant or however differing 
from each other, in the bonds of universal brotherhood, to 
banish strife and dissension between communities and between 
individuals, and, in short, to fulfil the God-like mission of 
" Peace on earth and goodwill to man." It is by such a6eesteions 
that the cosmopolitan character of our institution is best 
maintained and its influence most firmly established. For what 
man is there, possessing a rightly constituted mind, who does 
not share with us an earnest desire for the bettering of 
humanity, the renovation of society, and the coming of that 
good time when the social and moral evils, under which the 
earth has groaned so long, shall be entirely removed by the 
softening influence of a newborn and better nature? Who is 
there, whether Mason or not, who does not long for the comple- 
tion of that new Jerusalem from whose lofty turrets "Joy, 
joy," " Peace, peace," shall be proclaimed to the nations, in lieu 
of the bitter cry of "Woe, woe!" which for a thousand years 
wailed through the streets of the Old Jerusalem ? It is the 
duty of every man who loves his kind' to hasten the coming 
of this glorious era by promoting the social, moral, intellectual, 
and religious improvement of all around him. More especially 
is it the duty of all Masons who have professed so to love 

Metham and Elms Lodges, Plymouth. 39 

their fellow men as to have bound themselves, by voluntary 
obligations, to devote themselves to their welfare, to strain every 
nerve, to turn the whole force of their will, the whole strength 
of their mind, the whole power of their influence, to assist in 
forming that deep and broad channel through which must be 
poured the irresistible flood of public opinion, by which alone 
the Augean stable of man's old and corrupt nature can be 
thoroughly cleansed. Therefore it is that we welcome these 
brethren among us ; we put forth the right hand of brotherhood 
to draw them within our sacred circle, but we warn them, at 
the same time, that Masonry has duties to be performed as well 
as privileges to be enjoyed. We are here to-day to invest them 
with weapons taken from the armoury of Masonry, with which 
the never-ending battle of good against evil and right against 
wrong is to be carried on, and which they are commanded to 
preserve in garnering in the corn waiting for the sickle. Bright 
and untarnished, we place in their hands the Masonic imple- 
ments of labour, and invite them to. share our work. " Behold, 
I say unto you, lift up your eyes and look on the fields; for 
they are white already to harvest." We welcome them among 
us, for "the harvest is plenteous, but the labourers are few;" 
but we, at the same time, charge them to guard the landmarks 
of the order from encroachment, to obey the moral law, and 
to maintain in their fullest splendour those truly regal jewels of 
the Masonic crown, "brotherly love, relief, and truth." Every 
station of life is surrounded by responsibilities and obligations. 
More especially does this attach to those who, by entering our 
order, not only render themselves amenable to the opinion of 
their brethren, but put the order on its trial before the world, 
which, ever ready to condemn even where censure is not merited, 
will not wait to particularise, but will judge and condemn our 
whole body by any act of an individual member which is 
repugnant to the principles of morality, temperance, justice, or 
honesty. Worshipful Masters and brethren of the Metham and 
Elms Lodges, — In granting your warrants, the Grand Master of 

40 Metham mid Elvis Lodges, Plymouth. 

the Order has confided to your keeping the honour of the craft 
at large. I trust you will repay that confidence by an inviolable 
adherence to the laws and regulations of the order. More 
solemnly still I entreat you, acting on considerations which are 
of a higher nature than even the principles of Masonry can 
reach, to live up to your professions. Practice, more than 
precept, moulds the minds and manners of men and governs 
the world. Let the bright example of St. John, our patron 
saint, be ever before you, who exhibited his faith by works, and 
demonstrated the excellence of his principles by acts, and by a 
daily life and conversation which gave them their soundest and 
happiest exemplification. Let each brother feel his conduct to 
be of consequence to all, and live and act as if, in his person, 
Masonry was reflected before the world as in a mirror. Better 
that your lodges should not open their portals to a single 
candidate than that any should be admitted into the Order, who, 
by their misconduct, would reflect discredit on your choice and 
on the craft at large. Let your rivalry with your, sister lodges 
consist, not in the number of your noviciates, but in the forma- 
tion of your lives on a pure Masonic model, practicing every 
social and moral virtue. Above all, let Charity, that greatest of 
the cardinal virtues, that highest star on the pure front of 
Masonry, govern your lives. Not only the Charity which is 
limited to almsgiving, essential as that is to Masonry, but the 
Charity which is yet Charity everywhere, as in the case of the 
apostle, where there is no silver to bestow. A glass of cold 
water given with a kindly look and cheering word to the fainting 
and despairing, is true Charity. Practice the Charity that 
sufi^ereth long and is kind, that envieth not, that vaunteth not 
itself, that is not puffed up, and that thinketh no evil. Let 
Charity be the most fitting furniture of your lodges ; yield not to 
empty show or self-indulgence, but give freely of your funds, 
first to those who are of the household of our faith, to our 
aged, infirm, and destitute brethren, to their widows and their 
orphans, and then extend the open hand of relief to every one 

Metham and Elms Lodges, Plymouth. 41 

of your fellow creatures in the hour of their need, -without 
distinctions of colour, race, or creed. Brethren of Lodge 
Metham, — On the unsullied colours of the gallant corps to 
•which your Worshipful Master and so many of you belong, is 
inscribed the proud motto " Per mare, per terram." As you would 
glory in upholding the honour of that ilag, so glory in upholding 
the principles of Masonry in every part of the world to which 
your duty calls you. Glory in shewing to mankind the lessons 
which Masonry has taught you, as soldiers, as citizens, as 
Masons. First, never forget the allegiance due to the Sovereign 
of your native land; be prompt to obey as to enforce the laws of 
your country ; 'prove, by cheerful submission to the Civil Powers 
which govern all alike, the falsity of the charge levelled against 
our noble order by foreign priests ; show that Masons are to be 
classed among the foes, not the allies, of rebels, revolutionists, 
anarchists, and atheists ; be conspicious by your devotion to 
your country's interests, and be ready to defend her honour 
with your lives. But oh ! in the hour of victory, when her 
honour has been vindicated, and her cause assured, oh ! then 
remember mercy, turn aside the avenging steel from the 
vanquished foe, extinguish the infuriate incendiaries' torch, 
protect the wounded, the suppliant, the innocent, and the 
helpless ; pour oil and wine into the wounds which war has 
made ; be then the missionaries of God-like charity, and you 
will have fulfilled the noblest teachings of Masonry. Brethren 
of the Metham and Elms Lodges, my task is ended. Would I 
could read in the prophetic future that my words were seeds 
destined to produce the fruits I pray for. I linger still, scarcely 
knowing how to say what should not, and yet what should, form 
part of what I have to say to-day. Should not, because it is 
personal to myself, and, therefore, below "the height of this 
great argument," and yet should, for it would be umseemly and 
ungrateful if I closed without an expression of my thanks for 
the great, the unprecedented honour the Brethren have paid me 
in calling these two Lodges, the one after my name, the other 

42 Metham and Elms Lodges, Plymouth. 

after my residence. I fear — I cannot say how much I fear — 
that some day a more correct and lower estimate of my powers 
and judgement may lead them to regret the choice they have 
made. But if I know myself, no power of mine will be abated 
from want of will, no judgement will be faulty from want of 
thought or consideration for the feelings of others. Each fresh 
proof of my brethren's kindly feelings, each new honour 
conferred, come from where it may, will but make me take the 
greater heed lest I fall from self-esteem or presumption ; instead 
of beguiling me to repose on honours already won, will but 
stimulate me to fresh exertions on behalf of the cause I love 
so well. 





August 3rd, 1868. 

Eight Worshipful Sir and Brethren, — It is not my in- 
tention on the present occasion to dwell on the history and 
principles of Freemasonry, as we had ample opportunities 
of doing this during the past two or three years. Its rapid 
growth, and the prominent position it has assumed before the 
world, furnish us with grave matter for deliberation suflBcient 
for to-day, compelling us to enquire anxiously how that rapid 
growth can be made vigorous and permanent, and how that 
position can be best justified and maintained. To those who 
appreciate Freemasonry, it must be a gratified desire to see its 
ceremonies conducted in a manner worthy of their solemnity. 
Onr brethren, therefore, have done well in erecting this temple ; 
the money, time, and trouble expended on it are proofs of their 
deep interest in the craft. They have done better, however, if 
in the past they have walked in the true and broad road of 
Masonry ; if they have respected the ancient landmarks of the 
Order, and followed its solemn teaching, determining to walk in 
the same true and broad road for the future in their new abode. 
They have done better still, and best, if, on looking into their 
own breasts, they can feel assured that they are leading pure 
Masonic lives in tlie Lodge and in the world, which will bear 
the full light of day ; that they are practising in their daily 
career the precepts which they have learned by rote in the 
Lodge, promoting the great principles of brotherly love, relief, 
and truth, by every means in their power, and thus, in obedience 
to their solemn obligations, conferring the greatest possible 
amount of happiness on the greatest possible number of their 

44 New Masonic Hall, Teu/nmouth. 

fellow-creatures during their own brief span of life. The forms 
and ceremonies which we take part in to-day are of no value 
unless taken in conjunction with the noble purposes for which 
Masonry was designed ; but when so taken they illustrate, 
forcibly and beautifully, the great, immutable, and eternal 
principles of morality and universal charity. These ceremonials 
were devised for the purpose of exciting mankind to noble and 
humane actions ; but if we do not look beyond them, if we fall 
into the habit of practising them in our lodges without any 
corresponding resulting action in the world, there is an im- 
mediate danger of our mistaking the shadow for the substance, 
and of our regarding them as having satisfied their function 
sufficiently when they have done nothing more than bring about 
a mere sense of wonder, jpleasure, awe, admiration, and love. 
Taking this view, our brethren's labours, although completed in 
one direction, may be said to be but beginning in another ; they 
have now to give fuller effect to those great principles which, by 
erecting this Temple, they have so professed to admire. And 
how can this best be done ? Clearly, this foundation on which 
they can alone build a superstructure, perfect in all its parts, 
and honourable to the builder, must be laid in good lodge 
government. The members must commence by committing the 
government of the lodge only to those who are duly qualified to 
rule, direct, instruct, and show the way, being influenced in their 
selection neither by the claims of priority, nor by fear, favour, 
nor affection ; they, in their turn, submitting to be ruled and 
instructed, and being resolved to follow in the right way when it 
is pointed, out to them. As our brethren, doubtless, satisfied 
themselves that their architect was competent to perform the 
duty assigned him, and as he, no doubt, in his turn, called to 
his aid skilful and expert craftsmen to give light, ornament, and 
proporf.ion to the building, as he looked to the security of the 
foundations and the solidity of the walls, by which alone the 
permanence of the building could be secured, so does it concern 
the brethren more vitally still to satisfy themselves that the 

New Masonic Hall, Teignmouth. 45 

master to whom they commit the government of themselves and 
the honour of the craft is morally, intellectually, and physically 
fitted for the task. Better were it that the lodge should meet in 
a barn, a garret, or a cellar, with working tools sharp, bright, 
and fitted to the performance of their Masonic duties, than that 
they should assemble in the most gorgeous temple ever erected 
by human skill, unnerved and unfitted for their task, from want 
of an ef&cient Master to govern and direct theni. As his rule is 
supreme within his lodge he should be one who is courteous and 
kind in manner ; yet, as he has to defend the landmarks of the 
Order against encroachment, he should be clear-eyed and clear- 
minded to observe, slow to decide, but resolute to maintain. In 
the selection of his officershe, too, should feel himself bound to 
observe the strictest impartiality, nor should he appoint anj' 
who will not pledge themselves to be constant in attendance, 
zealous in duty, and strenuous to support him in his authority. 
As he should be prepared himself, so should he insist on his 
officers performing their part in our ceremonies with that ease 
and fluency which can alone impress a candidate with a favour- 
able opinion of the ceremony of his initiation. He should 
examine most minutely into the moral character, intellectual 
capacity, and worldly position of every candidate and joining 
member. He should resolutely reject all in whose favour the 
tongue of good report has not been heard. He should accept 
none from a distance, or from another province, without the 
most satisfactory reasons why they have not been received into 
one or another of the lodges most convenient to their residences, 
as without such satisfactory reasons it may fairly be concluded 
that they have sought admission into those lodges, and sought, 
it in vain, because there they were better known than esteemed. 
A lodge thus guarded and purified will reflect more credit on its- 
Master, even if his caution has rejected every candidate during 
his year of office, than will attach to one, who to feed his own 
importance, or to swell the muster roll of his lodge, admits 
indiscriminately all who offer themselves. Within the lodge th& 

46 Neir Masonic Hall, Teignmouth. 

Master should seek to interest and instruct his brethren by 
appropriate ilkistrations of our beautiful degrees, and thus lead 
them to reflect on the great and vital truth of which our various 
degrees, our working tools and jewels, are the outward symbols. 
Nor without the lodge will his duties cease ; as he should be an 
example, in his own life and conversation, of the precepts of 
Freemasonry, so should he exhort the members of his lodge to 
imitate, and, if possible, to excel him. However disagreeable it 
may be, his duty is obvious to rebuke an erring brother for his 
faults, and earnestly to exhort him to an amendment of his life ; 
he should remind him that he had voluntarily sought our 
company, and was, therefore, bound to comply with our 
regulations, and that he had no right to disgrace tlie Order by 
conduct which falsified the solemn obligations he had taken 
upon himself. If, unhappily, long and patient forbearance, 
remonstrance, entreaty, and exhortation prove of no avail, it is 
better that the offending member be removed rather than that 
the whole body should suffer ; and however painful the task, the 
Master who shrinks from its performance fails greviously in his 
duty to the Master's chair. As Temperance is one of the 
peculiar virtues on which Freemasonry lays great stress, it is 
the bounden duty of every Master of a lodge to observe and 
maintain among his brethren obedience to this golden rule ; 
neither in the amount of indulgence at the festive board, nor in 
the hour to which it is prolonged, should the means of the lodge 
or of the individual members be wasted, nor their families have 
reason to complain. Above all, both by precept and example, 
the Master should ever keep before the eyes of his brethren the 
great watchword of the Order, Charity ! He should be ever 
ready to suggest and to afford relief, not only for the wants of 
his brethren and fellows, their widows and orphans, but, as far 
as in his power lies, relief for all the woes which desolate the 
world. He should plead for our distressed brethren, for means 
to place them in comfort for the short remainder of their 
chequered lives; for their widows, that they may know once 

Neiu Masonic Hall, Teignmouth. 47 

more a home ; for their boys, that they may be trained by 

industry and honesty to reverse the sad decree of fortune which 

has made them recipients of charity ; for their girls, that they, 

too, may learn to gain their own livelihood, to know right from 

wrong, and thus be saved from the temptations which ever beset 

the young and friendless female. Such, my brethren, are the 

rules of discipline and the bond of union which can alone keep 

together, as good Masons would wish it to be kept together, our 

rapidly increasing body. To the Wardens and Deacons, down to 

the youngest member of the lodge, to each in his degree, these 

rules apply, to each is the honour of the craft committed, and 

none can offend against them or against the strictest rules of 

morality without vitally wounding the institution which he has 

professed to admire, and sworn to defend. But to neglect is 

only in degree less faulty than to forswear an obligation. 

Every Mason has sworn to practice charity ; money, therefore, 

should ever have to exclaim, with the Eoman Emperor of old, 

" diem perdidi/" But each day should be marked by the white 

stone of a good deed done, advanced, or planned. If all cannot 

feed the hungry, or clothe the naked, all can speak the kind 

word or give the kindly grip or glass of cold water that may 

cheer the wayworn brother ; if all cannot launch or man the 

lifeboat, all can at least say " God speed her " on her errand of 

mercy. In short, none of us ought to be satisfied until Masonry 

becomes a power to be felt and seen ; to be felt by ourselves, 

and seen by the outer world ; a power that will foster the germs 

of good which lie in every man's nature, and nip in the bud the 

principles of evil which also are born with man, and which are 

so much more likely to increase and multiply. Nor let us be 

impatient for results, but let each in his generation do what is 

just, good, and possible. When that is done, we may with 

confidence leave the accomplishment to the great Architect of 

the Universe, by Whose over-ruling care it may prove the good 

seed of an abundant and a still increasing harvest, and the 

sound foundation of an edifice of which we do not yet see the 

beauty or the dimensions. 


S. JOHN AND DUNDAS LODGES, 1247 & 1255, 

March 15th and 16th, 1869. 

The beautiful ceremony prescribed to be used at the 
consecration of every new Lodge, includes, as a prominent 
feature, an oration on the merits of Freemasonry. We should 
be doing the wisdom of our ancient brethren who devised this 
ceremony a great injustice if we supposed that this was meant 
to be confined to an eulogium on the system or on those who 
profess it. The former is unnecessary, for the science of Free- 
masonry speaks for itself ; neither would the latter be congenial 
to its spirit, for the practise of Freemasonry carries with it its 
own reward to those who practise it aright, and they value not 
the praise or flattery of men. The purpose of an oration has 
ii higher and a nobler aim ; it is contented to carry the mind 
back to the first principles of the Order, to trace the stream of 
Freemasonry through the quicksands which beset its course, 
to clear away the rocks and shoals which Time has accumulated, 
until we reach the clear pellucid fountain from which flow the 
pure and crystal waters of charity, morality, and justice. It is 
intended to enforce on the brethren of every new lodge that they 
are to labour with ourselves to keep the broad channel clear 
from all impediments or pollution ; that they are to guard its 
landmarks with jealous care, and to extend its principles with 
unflagging, self-denying zeal. Such_ is, I beUeve, the object of 
this prescribed Oration, and I could only wish that I had the 

S. John and Dundas Lodges, Plymouth. 49 

power of language sufficient to enforce the importance of 
exercising this care and jealousy upon those who now stand 
before me. I pray them to remember that on them is thrown 
the responsibility of showing to the Craft at large that the 
confidence placed in them by their Grand Master has not been 
misplaced ; that they will not be content with founding another 
lodge, but that they will strive and determine to make a daily 
advance in Masonic knowledge. I trust they will never forget 
the pledge they have given that those lodges shall be conducted 
so as to improve the quality of Freemasonry rather than to 
increase the number of professing Freemasons — to promote the 
cause of Temperance rather than a means of self-indulgence. 
Above all, that they may be the great centres for the effusion of 
brotherly love, relief, and truth ; brotherly love, as shown in 
mutual forbearance and forgiveness, mutual aid and sympathy, 
joy in a brother's joy, grief in a brother's grief, relief of a 
brother's wants, freely and ungrudgingly given ; relief not only 
to his bodily but to his mental wants ; relief not only to himself, 
but to those who are nearest and dearest to him, in the persons 
of his -widow and his orphans. And above all. Truth, that the 
hand of a brother given to a brother should be the sure pledge 
of brotherhood, aye, and when given to any of the outer world, 
should be received as an obligation binding as any the law of 
man could devise, because given by a Mason. Above all, let 
Charity and Benevolence be your motto — words tending to the 
same end, but different means — Charity, to give when you have 
the power to every one of your fellow creatures in the hour of 
need, and her handmaid Benevolence to wish well to, and to 
strive well for every good cause, even when, as in the Apostles' 
case, " silver and gold we have none " to give. Eemember that 
the noblest instinct of man, his noblest attribute, is labour, to 
work through the morn, to work through the evening of life, 
until " the night cometh when no man can work." And what 
man is in muscular life he should be in the higher domain of 
spiritual life. The highest and the most complete state of man, 


50 S. John and Dundas Lodges, Plymouth. 

which his nature most longs for, and in which it fulfils its most 
sublime instinct, is work bodily and intellectually, leading up to 
moral and religious vvork. For as the race began with an 
outward Paradise, which being lost may yet offer the type of a 
higher Paradise to be gained, so each individual life begins 
with muscular life, that passing through the hard struggles of 
work, in which body, mind, and soul are alike engaged, it may 
carry its ideal with it, and at last emerge into a state of inspired 
liberty and spontaneous beauty. If, then, of Masonry we can 
truly say, 

"Its roots run under every sea, 
It blooms on every shore," 

it rests with those who have accepted its solemn obligations so 
to cultivate its growth, so to guard its noble fruit, that to every 
country and to every people it may carry blessings unlimited 
and unspeakable. The E.W. Brother went on to observe that it 
was impossible that a Mason could better devote all his energies 
than in carrying out to their limit the principles inculcated by 
Masonry. Each with his own talents should take a share of the 
work which lies waiting to be done. There was work for all, if 
Masons would but do the work which Masons should do. Then 
would they be fulfilling indeed what they had undertaken and 
bound themselves in the first and second degree to perform. 
The man who so understands and practices Freemasonry, even 
if he has not progressed beyond the fourth degree, and even if 
he does not care to display one single jewel, is a better Mason 
and better acquainted with its symbolical teaching than he who, 
having taken every degree under the sun, and covered his heart 
with every jewel which can be crowded upon it, has never 
carried into every- day life the principles and teachings which 
Masonry has perpetually enjoined upon him. He is a Mason 
who can, and he is not a Mason who cannot 

" Grasp the whole vporld of reason, life, and sense, 
In one close system of benevolence, 
Happier, as feeling, in whate'er degree, 
The height of bliss is height of charity." 



May 27th, 1869. 

Deab Brethren, — Although it is not usual at the dedication 

of a Masonic temple to deliver an oration, as at the consecration 

of a new lodge, it is the wish of the Provincial Grand Master 

that I should address the brethren — whose lodge-room we have 

to-day consecrated — on the importance of their undertaking, 

and the increased responsibilities they have entailed upon 

themselves by their act. Any wish of the Prov. G.M. is to me 

a law, even if it did not, as it assuredly does on this occasion, 

coincide with my own sense of its propriety. In the words, 

however, with which 1 may seek to clothe the great idea which 

Masonry presents to my own mind, there may well be some 

which you have heard before, so often have I been called to 

perform this duty during the last two or three years, and so 

often have you been called upon to listen to me. I can only beg 

you, in reply, to " hear me for my cause "; that, at least, should 

command attention and respect, even if what I say should 

appear monotonous or tedious as a thrice-told tale. 

Strive to forget the speaker's want of skill : 
The cause is good although he plead it ill. 

It would be an evil day indeed for Masonry if the brethren 
regarded the ceremony in which we have taken part to-day as a 
spectacle to pall upon the eye by frequent repetition, or if they 
listened to the ritual with a vague admiration for the beauty of 
its language, which might tickle the ear, but could not be 
expected to sink into the mind, or lead to any practical result. 

52 Masonic Hall, Dartmoutli. 

To-day, then, brethren of the Hauley Lodge, you have assumed, 
as it were, the virile toga which gives to you an enlarged 
standing and increased importance in the province and in the 
Craft. Ten years have scarcely elapsed since I was present 
when our Chief consecrated your lodge. To-day ought to, and, 
I trust, does, carry with it the confirmation of those pledges 
which your sponsors, your first Master and his Wardens, made 
in your name at that your first entrance within our pale. That 
you have been increasing in numbers and rising in importance 
may be owing to your commendable private and corporate zeal, 
or it may be indicative only of that growing interest in Free- 
masonry which is now pervading the world. But if you would 
stand forth as true men and true Masons, if you would show 
yourselves worthy of the token of manhood you have to-day 
assumed, covered by your own roof, and sitting by your own 
hearth, you ought to be able to show that the vows made by 
your sponsors have been well and truly kept ; that the typical 
lessons inculcated by the corn, wine, oil, salt, and incense, 
have sunk into your breasts, and that you are better men and 
better citizens because you have been taught and commanded 
by Masonry to be so. And if as Masons you would come 
scatheless through the strict scrutiny which is applied, in the 
present day, to all human institutions, and especially to Free- 
masonry, because it professes and claims so much, while it 
conceals so much, you must be clear in your own consciences, 
and be able to make it clear to the world that Masonry has 
made you better men than you would have been without it. 
You must feel in yourselves and show in your lives that you 
have been controlled by the lessons which the square and 
compasses have taught you in the lodge; that the chisel and 
mallet have knocked off many excrescences of temper and 
natural disposition which the old Adam would have allowed to 
expand into faults or vices. Above all, by a moral and religious 
life, you must be able to show that the awful but reassuring 
lessons taught us by the skerret and pencil have led you to turn 

Masonic Hall, Dartmonth. 53 

your eyes upward to the Grand Lodge above, and have checked 
yoti in many a sin both of commission and omission by the 
remembrance that all our words and actions are recorded there, 
and that we shall ])e rewarded or punished as we obey or 
disobey the Divine commands. And only when Masons practice 
towards each other and towards all the outer world the tenets 
of universal charity in thought, word, and deed — when they 
lead upright, moral, and conscientious lives, guided by prudence, 
temperance, fortitude, and justice, then may they point to each 
new temple erected by themselves or their brethren as one step 
further on the road to universal brotherhood, which is the great 
aim and object of Freemasonry. Then may they inscribe on 
the walls of their lodge, as a motto which they can regard 
without blushing, and follow without scruple, — "Do mercy, 
love justice, and walk humbly with God." And in their outer 
life, how would the true Mason be shown by practising the rules 
of true chivalry from which some of our orders are derived, " to 
defend true religion faithfully, to practice the morals of it ; 
to protect widows, orphans, and the weaker sex ; not to make 
■war on account of goods and effects, but to let all disputes be 
decided judicially, and by the justice of God." 

If such tenets be followed, not only will our lodge-rooms be 
sanctified, but of each brother as he sinks beneath the cold 
waters of death, the outer world v/ould say, — 

"The actions of the just 
Smell sweet, and blossom in the dust," 

even if, amidst the wear and tear of life, its distractions and 
its temptations, some human frailty rises to the surface to show 
that Freemasonry is a human and not a Divine institution, and 
therefore subject to the infirmities and the failures of every- 
thing human. 

To you. Sir, to whom your brethren have confided on this 
auspicious occasion, the honourable and enviable post of their 
Worshipful Master, I would appeal to justify their choice by 
a conscientious discharge of every duty pertaining to your office. 

54 Masonic Hall, Dartmouth. 

May you be gifted with discretion to advise, temper to conciliate, 
judgement to determine in every case of difficulty and doubt, 
and firmness to maintain unimpaired the landmarks of our 
Order. Admonish with friendship and reprehend with mercy, 
where admonition and reprehension are necessary, ever re- 
membering the command of Him who was all charity in the. 
case of an erring brother. But still it is your duty, both 
within and without the lodge, to take care that no member 
offend with impunity against the laws of morality and 
temperance. Above all, it is your duty to incite your brethren, 
both by precept and example, to the daily practice of those 
great cardinal tenets of our Order — brotherly love, relief, and 
truth. Although it is not in the power of man to foresee in the 
green sapling the mature tree, or in the new-sown seed the 
golden harvest, I take it as an augury of good that you are 
yourself a young man, and that you are surrounded by young 
men. In this busy life, where the dust of the world settles so 
heavily upon the hearts of men, it is especially gratifying to find 
so many young men bound together by the softening and 
humanizing ties of Freemasonry. From this I draw the happy 
augury that when we who are old shall have passed away, and 
when our faces shall be seen and our voices heard no more, the 
young men will take our places with all the fire and energy of 
youth, and carry on the good work, and in place of a feeble 
voice and faltering utterance, such as you have heard to-day, 
the world will be addressed by men who will not swerve from 
their good purpose, and who will speak, in trumpet-toned 
voice, calling their brethren to works of usefulness, charity, 
and love. 



November 27th, 1869. 

As the one link which still connects the past history of our 
mother lodge with its present energetic life, as the single 
remaining member who has walked and talked with brethren 
who, in their youth, had walked and talked with the still older 
brethren who founded Lodge " Siacerity," and who, on this day 
one hundred years ago, and probably at this very hour, held 
high festival in honour of its birth and consecration, I know you 
will hold me excused if, individually, I regard this, our centenary 
celebration, with feelings' of more than usual interest, and if I 
dwell on the event at greater length than the toast entrusted to 
me, " The Worshipful Master and Officers of Lodge Sincerity," 
would at any other festival warrant. Of our Worshipful Master, 
I will only say that he bids fair to rival that long array of 
Masters who for a century have filled the chair before him. He 
belongs to a sect which peculiarly professes peace, and he has a 
strong and deep-seated religious feeling. Not only in the 
Master's chair, but in every relation of life, I believe that all his 
thoughts and actions will be directed by prudence, chastened by 
temperance, supported by fortitude, and guided by justice. But 
he and the other officers will excuse me if I again pass back to 
the subject of our festival to-day. The names of the brethren 
who founded the lodge are doubtless recorded in the books of 
the Grand Lodge, but to us they are unknown; their doings 
and their sayings, their outer life in the world, their inner life 
in the world, are to us as if they had never been. Their 

56 Centenary of Sincerity Lodc/e, Plymouth. 

position in life, their talents, their vktues, their joys and 
sorrows, their failures or successes, are all a sealed book to us. 
In the charity of our craft we must believe that^ they banded 
themselves together in the hope of doing good in their genera- 
tion, of erecting a column of mutual defence and safety, and of 
pursuing, in moral and upright lives, and in the daily exercise 
of brotherly love, relief, and truth, the noble precepts of our 
Order. Of the decadence of the lodge in the town of Devonport, 
then Plymouth Dock, where it was first planted, close to the 
house in which I was myself born, we can learn nothing. Most 
probably it but partook of that general decline of Masonry 
which took place about the close of the last century. Be that 
as it may, about fifty years ago the warrant was transferred to 
Plymouth, and after a brief sojourn in the Masonic Hall and in 
Westwell Street, it found a home for some years in the Koyal 
Hotel, where we are now assembled. In this town, Lodge 
Sincerity rose, almost at a bound, like a phoenix from the 
ashes ^of neglect and decay to which it had been so long 
condemned. On its books of that date are entered the names 
of the foremost men of Plymouth and the neighbourhood. 
Philanthropists, professional men, merchants, magistrates, 
country gentlemen, officers in the army and navy, and literary 
men, of whom Plymouth possessed a perfect galaxy in that day, 
were initiated in rapid succession. Again a period of con- 
siderable depression occurred, and when I was initiated, more 
than a quarter of a century ago, the meetings, were infrequent 
and the numbers very greatly reduced, although those who still 
subscribed to the funds, without attending the meetings, were 
men of influence, position, and elevated Masonic rank. I was 
initiated in a room within ten yards of this in which we are now 
assembled, and the ceremony was performed by the then Acting 
Master, Bro. Major Symons, who had achieved for himself the 
proud position of Grand Warden of England, by his Masonic 
diligence, erudition, and perfect oratory. Of the six or seven 
other brethren present, one other was a Grand Lodge officer. 

Centenary of Sincerity Lodge, Plymouth. 57 

the others held high office in the province. "When I took my 
place as the newly-initiated brothet, it may easily be imagined 
that I drew a very dispiriting comparison by my own lowly 
apron, no longer of pure and unsullied lambskin, but worn 
and sullied by repeated use, and the gorgeous array of gold and 
silver by which I was surrounded. But I was not discouraged 
for long; the desire to achieve equal honours grew upon me, 
with a strong belief that if I deserved them they would come in 
their own good time. I bore with equanimity preference given 
to those whom I had myself initiated into Masonry, my own 
brother being in the number. Honours came at last, and then 
they came unsought, as one chief who sits by my side can 
testify, and they were the more prized because unsought. The 
low numbers on the books at the time of my initiation, were 
a type of Masonry throughout the kingdom at the time, but 
Lodge Sincerity, long before the period of general revival which 
came some years after, started forward on a career of prosperous 
success, which rivalled, even if it did not exceed, the period to 
which I have alluded. That I aided in that success by un- 
remitting, unflagging devotion to its interests, will always be a 
subject of pleasant retrospection. The young, who live for 
what the years to come may bring, and who find their greatest 
delight in ambitious charms and struggles which are to crown 
their future with happiness, think that the old have no pleasures 
that can equal theirs ; but that is a great mistake, for if memory 
carries with it no sting of an ill-spent and useless life, but if, 
on the contrary, there are green spots on memory's waste on 
which the mind can dwell with satisfaction, advanced life must 
possess many pleasures unknown to those who have realized no 
hope, and who are yet struggling forward to the goal which we 
have reached. As in my private world T live again in my 
children and my children's children, so in my Masonic world I 
live over again many a happy hour spent, and many a firm 
friendship formed, within the lodge, some broken by death, but 
hallowed by memory still, others lasting to this hour, defying 

58 Centenary of Sincerity Lodge, Plymouth. 

time and distance alike. Our lodge carried to St. George's 
Hall, where it is now located, the prestige of its fame, and 
verj' few private lodges have enrolled so many members whose 
position in life, and whose mental and social qualities, are so 
well calculated to sustain the reputation of their mother lodge. 
That old Sincerity may long prosper, and that the brethren who 
meet to celebrate the close of the second century, which, as I 
speak, is already some hours old, may find her happy in her 
sons, and united in the bonds of brotherly love, relief, and truth, 
as we are who to-day place a footstep on either century, is my 
earnest prayer, and no effort of mine will ever be wanting to 
ensure the fulfilment of my hope and prayer. The event we 
celebrate to-day, and on which I still linger as if clinging to the 
past, in which I have been myself a part, and in which I have 
found so much delight, like the knell which tells of the dying, 
and the joy bells which tell of the new-born year, will, I hope, 
awaken in each of us the inquiry. How have I fulfilled the 
mission I so solemnly undertook at my initiation, and how can 
I best redeem mis-spent time and mis-used talents in the time 
to come ? For myself. Masonry has brought to me much 
pleasure and much advantage ; it has softened asperities which 
otherwise would have been active ; it has taught me duties 
which otherwise might never have been acknowledged; it has 
given me influence which, I trust, I have exercised for good, 
which otherwise I should never have possessed. My regret is 
that I have done so little, and so much of that little wrong. 
My hope and prayer are that in the brief space of life still 
permitted to me I may do more, and do it better. 




March 21st, 1870. - 

Most Excellent Sir and Companions, — From the moment 
that the foundation stone of a stately building is laid in the 
north-east corner of the intended structure, the thoughts of 
the sanguine architect are turned, with a longing desire, to 
the time when the edifice shall be crowned in all the beauty of 
a finished and. complete design. So should, and I believe so 
does, the true and zealous Freemason look forward to an hour 
like this, when, the foundations having been duly and securely 
laid, the porch, with its beautiful pillars, firmly fixed, and the 
superstructure raised to its proper height, and proved to be 
perfect in all its parts and honourable to the builder, he may, in 
an earnest and reliant spirit, place the last capstone in its 
proper position, and calmly await the fruit of so much anxious 
yet pleasureable toil. On every occasion on which Freemasons 
take on themselves increased responsibility it becomes them to 
have a defined understanding of the work they undertake, but, 
above all, it is absolutely necessary, when they meet to assist 
in consecrating a Royal Arch Chapter, that they should have a 
clear and settled conviction of the supreme and unsurpassable 
dignity of this degree. No other can approach, m.uch less rival 
or excel it, for it is the climax of Freemasonry. It is intimately 
blended with all that is near and dear to man in another state 
of existence ; our divine and human affairs are interwoven 
awfully and minutely in all its disquisitions ; it has virtue for its 
aim, the glory of God for its object, and the eternal welfare of 

60 H.R.A. Chapter, Honiton. 

man is considered in every point and letter of its ineffable 
mysteries. What creed of religion is there in the world, what 
code of philosojihy, what tenet of morality, what mysterious 
knowledge in our own craft, but must pale before the name of 
the great 1 AM, who was from all eternity, and shall be one 
and the same for ever, who has His being of and in Himself, 
and gives to all others their being, all creation depending upon 
His Almighty will ? To vindicate this supreme position for the 
Eoyal Arch degree is my object to-day ; to proclaim that, how- 
ever beautiful, however ornamental, nay, however useful, other 
degrees may be as incentives to imagination and spurs to zeal, 
the Eoyal Arch degree knows and can know no peer. No code 
of religion, morality, or philosophy has ever existed since the 
world began which has escaped being overlaid by superstitious 
or legendary myths, and thus the purity and simplicity which 
should belong, as a part of its very essence, to every sacred and 
moral system, has been encrusted by error, corrupted, or diluted. 
Nor is Freemasonry an exception to this general rule. And 
how much has not Freemasonry lost by the changes which 
have been effected in its constitution by this universal foible of 
mankind ! Established in the wilderness of darkness, violence, 
and tempest, into which our world — so serene and beautiful 
when God said " Let there be light, and there was light " — had 
been converted by the evil passions of a fallen race. Masonry 
resembled a simple, graceful, yet majestic pillar. No useless or 
florid ornament concealed or disfigured its chaste and elegant 
proportions ; its foundations were laid solidly and deeply in the 
earth, and from its summit shone forth the pure beacon light of 
divine love and human charity to guide the needy and afflicted, 
the weak and oppressed, to the oasis it had created in the desert 
a,s their most sure and friendly refuge. On its every stone were 
written in golden characters the motto and mission of our noble 
order. It told us that brotherly love, relief, and truth were to 
be the guiding stars of our course through life ; that man was 
meant to be the helpmate of his fellow-men, sorrowing in his 

H.R.A. Chapter, Honiton. 61 

sorrows, joying in, his joys, and entitled, in his own time of 
adversity, to look to his fellows for comfort and support, and 
that all men, whatever the difference of their creed, language, 
race, colour, or station, should treat each other as members of 
one great and united family. The true Mason was taught to 
promote the good of others as well as of himself, by exerting 
the mental and corporeal faculties with which his Maker has 
endowed him to His glory, and to the welfare of his fellow- 
creatures. Thus, when the last scene of sublunary existence 
gradually fades from his wearied eyes, he will be prepared by 
love and charity, by study and intellectual culture, by obedience 
to the divine law, and by implicit and unbounded faith in his 
great Creator, to open them in those immortal mansions, 
prepared for the faithful and obedient of the human race, on an 
eternal day whose sun shall know no setting. Therefore it is, 
I contend, that the Royal Arch degree should stand by itself, a 
pillar of daily admonition and instruction, and of eternal light, 
a beacon guiding us through life and through death, and only 
leaving us when, having passed through the gloomy portals 
which divide life from death, we enter those happy realms where 
the true secrets of Masonry shall be disclosed never again to be 
concealed. But were there ten thousand other degrees, except 
so far as they are connected with or supported by the Eoyal 
Arch degree, they would be weakened as moral teachers and 
divested of their most solemn and enduring character. They 
would be like the fruit described in eastern tales, which is 
beautiful to the eye, but hard to the touch, and bitter and 
unwholesome to the palate. Were there in this world no duties 
to be performed, no self-denial to be practised for the present, 
and no hopes or aspirations to be indulged in for the future, the 
cry of the heathen sensualist, " Let us eat, drink, and be merry, 
for to-morrow we die," would be the best philosophy and the 
easiest rule of life. But it is not so. Nature has implanted in 
the breasts of all a consciousness that they are made for better 
things — a conviction that this life is but a pilgrimage, brief and 

62 H.R.A. Chapter, Honiton. 

transient, leading to another state of existence which will be 
abiding and eternal. And it is this conviction which continually 
whispers to the just and upright Brother that Masonry, beautifa! 
as a moral and intellectual teacher, is incomplete unless 
unfolding by sure but gradual steps a knowledge of the 
great Jehovah, the mysterious Alpha and Omega, by whom 
those moral perceptions and intellectual attributes have been 
implanted in the human heart. Bear with me, therefore. 
Companions, while I again urge upon you that by the consecra- 
tion of this Chapter to-day, you solemnly and deliberately adopt 
its teaching, which brings you face to face with thoughts of 
the great Author of the Universe, who Himself has neither 
beginning nor ending, and with that grand and awful hereafter 
where we hope to enjoy endless bliss and everlasting life. But 
even in this degree. Companions, sublime as it is, remember 
that you are not permitted to forget the connexion which exists 
between our whole system and the relative dependence of all 
its degrees, but that j'ou are enjoined to devote yourselves to 
such constant exercise of charity, and labour of mind and body, 
as may best preserve the foundations of the columns secure and 
its shaft bright and pure, as fitting to support, nay, as alone 
able to support, so noble a superstructure. Eemember that 
around this sacred altar you have solemnly vowed to befriend, 
cordially and effectually, every Brother who shall need your 
assistance, and to defend a Brother's character whenever un- 
justly assailed, so that the world may see how dearly Masons 
love one another. But the teaching of this degree would be 
imperfect if it did not extend its noble sentiments further. It 
instills into your minds that every human being has an un- 
doubted right to your kind offices, and that every good work 
should find in you earnest labourers, so that no day should pass 
over your heads unmarked by the record of a beneficent action 
planned or executed for the benefit of others. It enjoins you 
that by diligence and fidelity in the duties of your respective 
stations, by liberal and diffusive charity, by constancy in your 

H.R.A. Chapter, Honiton. 63 

friendships, and by virtuous deportment, you should show what 
happy and beneficent effects flow from our ancient and honour- 
able Institution. If then. Companions, you have attentively 
followed the teaching of the four degrees of which the Eoyal 
Arch is the climax, you will have learned that there is no 
service on earth you can render which will be more acceptable 
to your beneficent Creator than that of aiding in their need, 
cheering in their sorrow, and comforting in their affliction, your 
fellow-creatures. All the unity in variety, which like a golden 
chain runs through and unites these several degrees, speaks 
openmouthed of Him who has harmonized, by unity of the most 
simple laws, the wonderful and infinfte variety "which shows 
itself everywhere in this beautiful world which He has given us 
as our dwelling-place. It bids us in gratitude for favours 
already received, and for His gracious promises for the future, 
to use our utmost exertions to assist in erecting that glorious 
temple, that spiritual temple which is to supersede the material 
temple on Mount Moriah, that perfect temple which (though 
alas ! too slowly and imperfectly) is gradually rising up through- 
out the civilized world, to be, bye and bye, filled with the 
honour and glory of the great Jehovah, who is the eternal 
ruler of the universe, the elemental life, the primordial source 
of all its principles, the very spring and fountain of all its 
virtues and of all its blessings. Companions ! I ask you to 
exclaim with me — 

"Happy the bonds that hold ye! 
Since they be sweeter far than liberty, 
There is no happiness but in such bondage, 
Happy that happy chain 1 such links are heavenly." 

Let the battle cry of your Masonic life be still Excelsior ! 
Excelsior ! Excelsior ! 



May 31st, 1870. 

Eight Worshipful Sir and Brethren, — Could our ancient 
brethren, that small and happy band of brothers who first 
taught and practised Freemasonry, look upon the noble and 
majestic tree which, in the lapse of ages, has grown from the 
little seed they sowed with so much confidence and tended with 
so much care, — could they drink again of the refreshing waters 
of that little rill they guided and protected until it has swollen 
into a mighty river, making the arid desert laugh with varied 
plenty crowned, — they would see with delight that their works 
had followed them. They would have felt that the unselfish and 
noble institution they founded had progressed and matured as 
only human institutions can progress and mature which have 
their foundations laid deeply and solidly in correct principles. 
Could they have accompanied us to-day into the House of 
Prayer, they would have seen, as they would have desired to see, 
that while the brotherhood profess no more than that theirs is a 
peculiar system of morality veiled in allegory and illustrated by 
symbol, yet it is not that false morality which professes to be 
independent of all religious convictions, but rather that pure 
and simple morality which is the willing handmaid of the most 
exalted conceptions of the Deity. From that Book from which 
the preacher must draw his inspiration, and which is always 
open in our lodges. Masons learn a lesson of daily admonition, 
instruction, and also of encouragement. Nearly fifty genera- 
tions of men passed away while the Bible was being written. 

Brent Lodge, No. 1284, Topsham. 65 

Legislators, kings, priests, generals, judges, and shepherds, were 
its authors. In poverty, in wealth, in conflict and in peace, in 
the palace or in exile, each in turn raised his voice as he was 
directed by holy inspiration : in words as varied as their rank 
and age they all bent their energies to compose that wondrous 
epic. They never faltered in their hope or expectation, even in 
adversity, imprisonment, or the flames, or in the den of lions, 
that a new Jerusalem would be founded in which Jew and 
Gentile, Scythian and Barbarian, bond and free, should claim 
an equal heritage. No other writings can be shewn which, 
composed through so many successive ages, point ever to one 
definite end and object. Without seeking for a moment to raise 
moral perception to the same level as spiritual inspiration, we 
may claim that our ancient brethren in like manner never 
faltered in a steadfast belief in the solemn integrity of their 
mission to create a common bond of brotherhood which should 
banish division and strife, narrowness, and sectarianism, and 
teach men to live together in that " charity which is the 
bond of perfectness." Their motto, " Multse terricolis linguae, 
macconis una." They looked down the long vista of coming 
ages for the time when, instead of man being arrayed against 
man in national and private strife, the words of our poet brother 
should be realized, and 

" Man to man the world o'er 
Shall hrothers be, and a' that." 

And none, I think, who look at the signs of the times — none 
who read history aright — can fail to see that every hour adds to 
the conviction that humanity will some day throw off much of its 
baser attributes, and approach nearer and nearer to its Divine 
model. And that time will advance more rapidly if Masons are 
true to themselves and to their Order. None could have 
witnessed the magnificent spectacle displayed by Grand Lodge 
but a few days ago, when the Grand Master and his Deputy 
were installed, without the conviction forcing itself on his mind 
that if the representatives who were there from every rank of 

66 Brent Lodge, No. 1284, Topsham. 

life, from the Prince next the throne down to the artizan from 
the workshop, would themselves lead the lives of true Masons, 
and both by precept and example disseminate the Godlike 
principles of our Order, there would be seen, perhaps even in 
our own generation, the lever which shall morally move the 
world. Worshipful Master and Brethren of the Brent Lodge, I 
would exhort you, in the name of the Craft, so to demean 
yourselves both within and without the Lodge which has to-day 
been consecrated for your use, that you may add an impulse and 
a weight to this progress. 1 would ask you to listen while I 
read what many of our Brahmin brethren have done to advance 
the cause of true Masonry, in connection with their remarkable 
conversion to the Christian religion. 

The Daily Telegraph of October 14th, referring to the 
remarkable movement called Brahm Somaj, mentions the 
opening of a place of worship in Calcutta, when a striking deed 
of dedication was read by the leader, Keshub Chunder Sen. It 
was afterwards buried in the centre of the temple, and a simple 
and eloquent service followed. This seed thus sown may grow 
into a mighty tree. The deed ran as follows : " To-day, by the 
mercy of God, the public worship of God is instituted in this 
place for the use of the Brahma community. Every week the 
onlj' one God, the Perfect and Infinite, without a second, the 
Almighty and All-holy, shall be worshipped here. No man, or 
inferior being, or material object, shall be worshipped here as 
identical with God, or like unto God, or an incarnation of God ; 
and no prayer or hymn shall be offered or chanted to any one 
except God. No carved or painted image shall be kept here. 
No animal shall be sacrificed here. Neither eating nor drinking, 
nor any manner of folly or frivolity, shall be allowed here. No 
object that has been worshipped by any sect shall be ridiculed 
here. No sect shall be vilified, hated, or turned into derision. 
Divine service shall be conducted here in such spirit and manner 
as shall enable all men and women, irrespective of distinctions 
of caste, to unite in one family, eschew error and sin, and 
advance in wisdom, faith, and righteousness." 

Brent Lodge, No. 1284, Topsham. , 67 

Be not behind, I- pray you, these your Brethren who, 
emerging from idolatry, thus forcibly, while acknowledging the 
supremacy of the great Architect of the Universe, offer Him, 
with bended knees and uplifted hands, the sacrifice most accept- 
able in His sight, the renunciation of their old bitter prejudices, 
and at the same time the sweet savour of the most exalted 
Charity. I pray you to remember, Brethren of Lodge Brent, 
that Masonry suffers much less from the attacks of those 
without, whether pope, cardinal, or any other bigot, than from 
the lukewarmness and want of honorable feelings of far too 
many of those within our pale. Let the character and 
antecedents of every candidate for admission into your Lodge be 
carefully sifted by every member, and let each feel that before 
he extends to anyone the hallowed name of brother he should 
be satisfied that his daily life is honorable, just, and true, so 
that he may reflect honour instead of discredit on your choice. 
No argument, no entreaty, no influence, no question of social 
position, should lead you to swerve a hair's breadth from this 
vital and fundamental rule. Better ten men only in a Lodge 
who are good and true than ten times ten who seek to enter on 
light or self-seeking grounds. Nor in the selection of the 
Master of your Lodge by yourselves, nor in the selection of the 
Officers by the Master, should this rule be relaxed. None but 
those who have shewn integrity and honour in private life, as 
well as diligence and kindly feeling in the discharge of their 
respective duties, should be invested with office in any Lodge. 
The influence of the Master should be felt also beyond his 
Lodge ; he should rebuke the wrong doer and exhort the waverer 
by reminding them of their Masonic obligations, and showing 
them that they hold in their hands the character and honour of 
their brethren as well as their own. And should all private 
expostulation and entreaty fail, and the life of an erring brother 
become a public scandal, no Master is worthy of his post who 
would hesitate to use the power provided by the Constitutions 
for cases so painful, but which are, I am happy to believe, so 

68 Brent Lodge, No. 1284, Topshavi. 

rare. Above all, Brethren, remember that the great object to be 

achieved by Masonry is to make life more desirable for the 

whole mass of our fellow creatures than it is at present. I do 

not mean merely an attempt to diminish the misery and poverty 

by which we are surrounded on every side, although that should 

be striven for by all as a most important element of our 

Masonic work. It means that whatever differences of position 

and material comfort may exist among us even permanently, 

a far higher range of the social sentiments, and of the principles 

needed for the expression and support of such sentiments, 

may and should be called into play among all classes than 

the world has yet seen. Masons should not only be sober, 

industrious, moral, truthful, and honest, but their hearts 

should be 

"Open as day to melting charity," 

and they should feel and practise a deep and wide-spread 

sympathy with humanity in general, without narrowness or 

sectarian prejudice. While professing great privileges, their 

mission is to strive to convert the world which feels so keenly 


Man's inhumanity to man 

Makes countless thousands mourn, 

into a brighter and better world in which 

Man's hrmianity to man 

Makes countless thousands blessed. 

Let charity be your motto and your daily life, let it be engraven 
on your hearts as well as on your walls, let its records be the 
choicest furniture of your Lodge, and let successive Masters 
and each individual member compete one with the other in an 
honest rivalry in doing what good each can in this generation, 
each striving to excel the other in what is good and great. 



Augtist 3rd, 1871. 

Under whatever circumstances Masons meet, whether as 
individuals in the street or in the dwelling house, whether in 
the Lodge room or on an occasion of greater solemnity like the 
present, one sentiment alone animates them, one opinion alone 
prevails as to the immutability of the principles to which they 
owe obedience and regard. Politicians differ as to the principles 
by which mankind are to be governed, although all profess that 
in governing they seek to confer the greatest amount of good on 
the greatest possible number of individuals. Eeligious bodies, 
although they invoke the name and rely on the mercy of the 
same beneficent God for temporal happiness and eternal 
salvation, have even shed each other's blood in their zeal for 
their own and their hatred of another's faith. But Masons do 
not, cannot, differ as to their principles ; they would cease to be 
Masons the moment that any but the one true view of Masonry 
is entertained and acted on. The methods by which those 
principles are inculcated and enforced are of necessity anti- 
quated, for they have been handed down from father to son, by 
■oral tradition, through numberless generations. But being 
founded on Eternal Truth they are firm and solid as they are 
venerable. In those four words of our ritual, " Brotherly Love, 
Belief, Truth," are the germ of all our principles. We may 
ornament them, we may enlarge, we may elucidate, we may 
practically apply them, but still they stand unaltered, — the 
beacon light which has shone through ages when all else was 

70 Torhay Lodge, No. 1358, Paignton. 

dark, — the pure morning star which is to lead the happy future, 
to the time when sorrow and suffering shall pass away for ever 
at the presence of its expanded rays. When we look back to 
the history of the past and reflect on the ruins of the narrow 
prejudices and seemingly unpassable barriers it has demolished^ 
and of the bitter animosities it has quenched, when we regard, 
too, the movements of toleration, peace, and good-will it has 
erected in the minds of its disciples, the principles of Masonry 
need no argurhent for their support. They are the embodiment 
of charity in its truest, amplest sense : the charity which carries 
comfort and consolation to every one of our fellow-creatures in 
the hour of their need, to the widow and the orphan, the sick, 
the blind, the deaf, the dumb, the halt, and the maimed. It- is 
that charity which encourages the feeble in their stern battle 
of life, aids the unfortunate in their troubles, and bids the 
despairing take heart again; which protects the weak, and 
succours the oppressed of whatever race or creed. It is that 
charity which thinketh no evil and speaketh no evil, which gives 
to others the right it claims for itself, of freedom of thought, 
and freedom of speech. It is that charity which not only 
preaches but practises peace and good-will among men, and 
which, as the ritual of Masonry teaches us, leads us so to walk 
through life that we may raise our eye in humble and devout 
confidence in death, — to that bright Morning Star whose rising 
shall bring peace and salvation to the faithful and obedient of 
the human race. Such are the words. Worshipful Master and 
Brethren of the Torbay Lodge, which you (however feebly I may 
express them) one and all acknowledge without a moment's- 
hesitation convey to your minds a correct description of the 
doctrines which Masonry enunciates to her children ; not a 
sentence will pass your lips, not even a thought will cross your 
minds, to protest that I have painted Masonry in colours too 
bright and glowing. No brother will be so great a traitor to- 
those principles as to say, or even think, that Masonry is only a 
portrait of ideal excellence, meant as a pastime for poetical 

Torbay Lodge, No. 1858, Paignton. 71 

imaginations rather than an employment for human nature's 
daily occupation ; a theory to be expatiated on and admired 
rather than a practice to be followed and obeyed. Its teaching 
is our trustiest staff in the battle of life ; it instils into us 
patience and perseverance, and a firm trust in the final triumph 
of all that is good. The best of its lessons is the duty of work, 
constant work for ourselves and others. The idler in Masonry, 
like the slovenly husbandman, gets little for his pains when he 
merely scratches the surface ; the earnest and industrious man 
who digs deep finds a mine of gold which will never fail. In 
its salutary influences it adds to the pleasant links which 
Providence has provided for strengthening social and domestic 
ties ; to love Masonry, and to care nothing for the home 
constitutes a paradox which no true Mason can understand. If 
Masonry rightly practised conduces, as I contend it does, to 
make men real, truthful, honest, independent, broadminded, and 
warmhearted to the outer world, surely in that inner world, his 
home, it will make them kindly, considerate, and affectioiiate to 
those who depend on them for happiness and comfort. At best 
life is not very long. A few more smiles, a few more tears, 
some pleasure, much pain, sunshine and song, clouds and 
darkness, hasty greetings, abrupt farewells, and life's play will 
close ; and, injured or injurer, all will pass away and be ' 
forgotten. Is it worth while to hate each other or to wrangle on 
so short a journey ? Be constant then, I pray you. Brethren of 
the Torbay Lodge, in the practice of active universal charity, 
not only the charity of almsgiving, beautiful and commendable 
as that is, but that higher, deeper, broader charity, which 
ennobles and sanctifies life. The one is lovely when even only 
holding forth a cup of cold water to the passing weary pilgrim ; 
let that be your deHght and daily practice; but the other, 
digging a well in the desert, whose waters, once rising to the 
surface, shall flow on for ever to quench the burning thirst of 
generations yet unborn, let that be the one aim and ambition 
of your lives as Masons. Let it be your earnest and life-long 

72 Torbay Lodge, No. 1358, Paignton. 

purpose to make the world better and happier than you found it. 
If you have done or have determined to do this, Masonry is not 
to you only an occasion for social gatherings and friendly 
recognition, it is not a sealed book, but, passing beyond the 
portals, you have entered the inner courts of the Temple, and 
there you will learn the true doctrines of Masonry, the lessons 
which smooth and adorn the path of life and cheer the bed of 
death. As a learned brother and minister of the Gospel in 
America has well said, "Eemember, all the plans of Free- 
masonry are pacific. It co-operates with our blessed religion 
in regulating the tempers, restraining the passions, and 
harmonising the discordant interests of men, breathes a spirit of 
universal love and benevolence, adds one thread more to the 
silver chord of evangelical charity which binds man to man, and 
seeks to entwine the cardinal virtues and Christain graces in 
the web of the affections and drapery of the conduct." Would 
all Masons but practice and enforce the doctrines Masonry 
teaches them, how much of the misery which the world has 
witnessed during the last year would have been avoided ! The 
character of a true man is to hope all things not impossible, 
and to strive for all things not unreasonable. Why should we 
despair of the reason which has enabled us to subdue all nature 
to our purposes, being competent, if permitted by the providence 
of God, to achieve the still more difficult task of enabling the 
collective will of mankind to bear down the obstacles which 
human shortsightedness, selfishness, and passion, oppose to a 
" consummation so devoutly to be wished " ? To do this it only 
needs that every brother should practice what he so professes to 
admire, and that he should labour by night and by day, in 
season and out of season, to forward principles so beneficent 

and divine. 

While the day hath light, let light be used, 

For no man can the night control! 
Or ever the silken chord be loosed, 

Or broken the golden bowl, 
May we build King Solomon's Temple 

With a true Masonic soul ! 



May 23rd, 1872. 

Companions, — It is at all times desirable when Freemasons 
meet to dedicate a building or a room to the purposes of their 
Craft, that their attention should be recalled to the serious 
obligations to which, by taking part in the ceremony, they 
individually and collectively pledge themselves. And if this is 
true with regard to our Craft Lodge, much more so is it true 
when applied to the Eoyal Arch Degree. The address, therefore, 
which is usual on these occasions is most properly given at 
this early period of the proceedings in order that, should 
there be, unfortunately, any Companion present who has not 
thought seriously enough of the meaning of the sublime 
ceremony in which he is about to take a part, — who is content to 
regard it only as a beautiful spectacle, or to join with lip service 
only in its ritual, — he may be aroused to take a deeper and 
more personal interest in what we are about to say and do. 
Beautiful, solemn, and full of significance as are the ceremonies 
and teaching of the other degrees, they fade into nothingness 
when compared with the objects of research pertaining to the 
Eoyal Arch. They speak of time and the affairs of time ; this 
speaks of what will be when time shall be no more. They take 
their stand on the life side of the narrow but deep boundary 
which divides death from life ; this carries us across that 
boundary into the presence of the Infinite. They show us, as 
in a glass darkly, a dawn leading but to ephemeral light ; this 
teaches us to reach the Eternal Land where dawn and morning. 

74 St. John's Chapter, No. 328, Torquay. 

evening and night, cloud and storm, are unlmown — all swallowed 
up in the ever-during brightness which floods its courts. Well 
would it be then for every Companion to reflect that around the 
name of the great I AM centre the mysteries and teachings of 
this sublime degree, and that better would it be not to approach 
the portal of a Eoyal Arch Chapter at all than to approach it in 
a light or unbecoming manner. Let each remember and try to 
imitate the reverence with which the holy name of Jehovah was 
ever pronounced by our Jewish brethren, to whom years of 
trial and penance were enjoined before they were allowed to 
participate in the higher mysteries of the Order. It is indeed 
the climax of Freemasonry, and is intimately blended with all 
that is near and dear to us in another state of existence. But 
to reach it in spirit we must practise through life that self- 
denial and that constant labour which is forcibly represented to 
US in the case of our ancient brethren, to whom was committed 
the task of clearing away the rubbish and ruin which concealed 
the foundation of the Temple. We must cast off self-indulgence; 
we must come out of the slough of idleness, immorality, and 
the mortal sins which so easily beset us, before, like our antient 
brethren, we can reach the on\y true foundation stone on which 
is to be built up that new living and eternal temple which is so 
beautifully figured to us in this degree. Of itself Masonry is 
not religion, although the most religious man may well select 
Masonry as an instrument with which to improve himself, 
reclaim the erring, reform the depraved, and, above all, to teach 
and practice that charity without which real religion cannot 
exist. Up to this point Masonry is but the handmaid of 
religion, deriving the lessons she expounds in morality, wisdom, 
and charity, from a source indeed which cannot pour forth 
turbid waters or utter an uncertain sound, — the volume of the 
Baered Law. But wheu we have reached this point she bids us 
raise our eyes to that bright Morning Star, whose rising shall 
bring down peace andsalvatiou to the faithful and obedient of the 
human race. And if we have, as Masons, acknowledged and 

St. John's Cha'pter, No. 828, Torquay. 75 

obeyed the moral government of the Great Architect of the 
univferse, if we have followed the straight and undeviating line 
of conduct marked out for us in the volume of the Sacred Law 
by His unerring and impartial justice, we may contemplate 
without fear the setting of our little sun of life in the dark 
Valley of the Shadow of Death. By a proper study of Masonry 
we shall rightly learn our duty to God and man. Commencing 
with an avowal of belief in an omnipresent Providence, and the 
practise of every social and moral virtue, we shall work 
onwards, as it were, from the circumference to the centre of the 
soul until we feel and acknowledge in our science a clear 
corroboration of the truth of religion. As the historical facts 
recorded in the Bible, which constitute the sacred landmarks of 
our Order, are palpable in their truth, so do the lessons they 
teach gradually lead the upright Mason to imbibe those spiritual 
doctrines which, in their essence and in their practice, insure 
for him atonement and eternal salvation. But again and again 
this sublime degree urges on its members the practice of the 
most wide and catholic charity. In short, to him who has 
rightly considered Masonry it is as the ladder which Jacob saw 
in his vision ; its lowest round was set on the earth, but the top 
reached to heaven. And as on every step of that ladder 
were angels ascending and descending, forming one bright 
chain connecting heaven and earth, so does this, the highest, 
the noblest, and the sublimest degree, teach its graduates the 
same lesson they were taught at their initiation, the practise of 
the most wide and catholic charity, to enforce this upon us as a 
duty to be practised in our daily life and conversation. I 
conclude in the words of that ancient charge which is too often 
omitted at the closing of our Chapter — " Companions, — You are 
about to quit this sacred retreat of peace and friendship and to 
mix again with the world. Amid all its cares and employments 
forget not the sacred- duties which have been so frequently 
inculcated and so strongly recommended in this supreme 
convocation ; be ye, therefore, discreet, prudent, and temperate. 

76 St. John's Chapter, No. 828, Torquay. 

Eemember, also, that around this altar you have voluntarily and 

solemnly vowed to befriend and relieve with unhesitating 

cordiality every Brother who shall need your assistance ; that 

you have promised to remind him in the most gentle manner of 

his failings, and to aid his reformation, to defend and vindicate 

his character whenever wrongfully traduced, and to suggest 

the most candid, the most palliating, and the most favourable 

circumstances, even when it is most liable to reprehension and 

blame ; thus shall the world see how dearly Masons love one 

another." But, my Brethren and Companions, you are to extend 

these noble and generous sentiments even further. Let me 

impress upon your minds, and let it be instilled into your 

hearts, that every human being has an undoubted claim to your 

kind offices. We therefore strictly enjoin you to do good to 

all, while we more particularly recommend to your care the 

household of the faithful, so that by diligence and fidelity in the 

duties of your respective avocations, by liberal benevolence and 

diffusive charity, by constancy iind sincerity in your friendships, 

by being uniformly kind, just, amiable, and virtuous in your 

deportment, you may prove to the world the happy and 

beneficent effects of our antient and honourable institutions. 

Let it not be said that you laboured in vain or wasted your 

strength for nought ; for your work is before the Lord, and 

your recompense is with your God. "Finally, Brethren and 

Companions, be all of one mind, live in peace, and may the God 

of love and mercy delight to dwell among you and bless you for 

evermore." If individually and collectively we act on the 

principles thus clearly laid down and thus strongly enforced, 

then shall we have nobly answered the great end of our 

existence, then shall we have conscientiously fulfilled our 

obligations as true Eoyal Arch Masons, and our Masonic life 

and death will be 

" Like some bright river that from fall to fall, 
In many a maze descending, bright through all, 
Finds some fair region where,' each labyrinth past, 
In one full lake of light it rests at last." 



Aug. 22nd, 1S72. 

My address to-day will be confined to the contemplation of 
the duties which Freemasons owe to themselves, their families, 
their country, and the craft. On his initiation, every Free- 
mason proposed to himself, or professed to propose to himself 
a noble ideal, — to live in charity with, and to practice charity 
in the widest acceptation of the term towards, every human 
being. If so practised by all who range under our banners, 
the virulence of political and theological controversy would be 
mitigated, if not altogether annihilated ; the bodily well-being 
and mental culture of all it reaches would be assured; its 
commands to inculcate the principle of universal brotherhood 
would be characterised by its intense humanity ; it would 
extend it arms from east to west, carrying with it the warmth 
of its own feelings to the destitute denizens of the icy north ; 
and in the torrid south it would dig wells and plant shady 
resting places for man and beast. The corn of nourishment, 
the wine of refreshment, the oil of gladness, each in its turn 
the emblem of God's bounty to, and providence for, his 
creatures, would be shared with those whom He in His wis- 
dom had rendered fit objects for our benevolence and care. 
An ideal so noble is half the battle of life ; it wants but 
courage, virtue, and perseverance, to render the victory 
complete. And although, owing to the inherent infirmity of 
human nature, it is given to few to realise in their own 

78 Jordan Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay. 

persons an ideal so perfect, it lies within the compass of all 
to strive to reach it ; it lies within the power of every Mason 
so to live and so to adorn Masonic principles in his daily life 
and conversation, that Masons may be like a light shining in 
a dark place illuminating all around it. The outer world 
will be more impressed by the Mason leading a moral, blame- 
less, and useful life, because he is a Mason, than by all the 
disquisitions that ever were pointed to shew the antiquity, 
mystery and moral teaching, and religious tendency of the 

" Examples teach where precepts fail 

And pious tongues may not prevail, 

While actions tell a cliflerent tale." 

I will ask you to follow me while I attempt to define the marks 
by which you may know a true Mason, — the marks which he 
carries with him, not only in his lodge but in his daily life; 
not only among his brethren but in the bosom of his family ; 
not only in such gatherings as this but in all his relations to 
his fellow citizens. Above all things, a good Mason, while life 
endures, will hold fast to the great social family relations of 
life. That in the individual is the first, best evidence of a 
well regulated mind, as it is, in our corporate capacity, the 
great security of empires. The wife to whom he has united 
himself, the children whom God has given them, the true 
Mason will regard as the nearest and dearest ties, hallowing 
earth to him, and only to be severed by death. Not only will 
their interests be regarded as synonymous with his own, but 
he will sacrifice his own pleasure and convenience to ensure 
their comfort, well-being, and their social and moral advance- 
ment; and his footstep ^ on the threshold will ever be the 
signal for cordial welcome, and each "eye will mark his 
coming and grow brighter when he comes." The good Mason 
will find in a good wife an ever present companion to share 
his sorrows and trials and to enhance his joys ; in his and her 
children he will see pledges which will bind him all the more 

Jordan Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay. 79 

closely to the domestic circle; and their welfare will be his 
constant thought and stimulus to exertion. In infancy his 
playfellows, in youth his companions, and in his old age his 
comfort and support, his children will rise up and call him 
blessed if he has trained them in the way they should go, if 
he has set before them an example of truth and justice, 
conscientiousness, industry, temperance, benevolence, and 
morality. By no test will the Mason be so strictly and so 
justly judged by the external world as by the domestic touch- 
stone. No man is worthy of admission into the craft who is 
not a good son, a good husband, and a good father ; and I 
earnestly entreat my brethren, if they would properly uphold 
the dignity of the order, resolutely to refuse admission to all 
men, whatever their worldly position or talents may be, 
who have failed in these respects. The true Mason, in his 
business relations with his fellow men, will be just, upright, 
and liberal, claiming for himself his due, but at the same time 
being considerate to the embarrassed and the needy, regarding 
his word as his bond, but not exacting with extortionate zeal 
the fulfilment of a bond which will bring ruin on another. 
He will be energetic in his efforts to advance his own interests, " 
as is his duty to himself and his connexions, but he will cringe 
to no one for any advantage, however tempting, nor depart 
one inch from the straight line of honour and honesty, how- 
ever short may be the road it offers to fortune or improved 
social position. As a citizen, the true Mason will be first and 
foremost in his obedience to the laws, and a loyal allegiance 
to the Sovereign of his native land. To do otherwise would 
be doubly to violate his obligation, for during a thousand years 
and even in the most troubled times, successive Sovereigns 
have shown an unswerving confidence in Masonic loyalty ; and 
as a citizen it is the bounden duty of the true Mason to evince 
an interest in every vital question which affects the welfare of 
his country ; but that interest should be shown without the 
disturbance of amicable feelings between himself and those who 

80 Jordan Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay. 

differ from him, without imputing to others selfish or dishonour- 
able motives, and by cheerfully acceding to others that right of 
private opinion which he claims for himself, and by promoting 
all public questions of sanitary reform and educational progress 
which will conduce to the health and happiness of his fellow- 
citizens and tlieir moral and intellectual improvement. In short, 
the whole duty of a Mason towards society, his family, and him- 
self, may be summed up in the charge delivered to every newly 
initiated brother, " Let prudence direct you, temperance chasten 
you, fortitude support you, and justice be the guide of all 
your actions." By making these injunctions the guiding star 
of his conduct, the true Mason will best fulfil his obligations, 
and show to the outer world "what great and inestimable 
advantages flow from our ancient and honourable institution," 
and by the lives of the individual members will our order be 
judged ; for as 

" Little drops of water, little grains of sand, 
Make the mighty ocean and the beauteous land," 

SO will the private actions, conduct, and sentiments of our 
members sow confidence or mistrust in the public mind as to 
our principles and our professions. But, above all, in our 
relations with our brethren must the noble teaching of Masonry 
shine out, if we be true Masons. The parable of the Good 
Samaritan teaches us our duty to the world at large, but to 
those who are of the household of the faith we owe a deeper 
duty still — to aid, advise, protect, and comfort in the hour of 
need, sorrow, adversity, and, without doing injury to ourselves 
or our connections, to consider their interests as inseparably 
connected with our own. But to open our arms and our 
hearts to others, we must know them to be worthy of such 
confidence ; therefore it is the duty of every true Mason so to 
guard the portal of the Temple, that no unworthy individual be 
admitted to share our privileges. Every true Mason will be a 
sentinel to guard the sacred precincts from those who seek 
admission on light or unworthy grounds. Every true Mason 

Jordan Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay. 81 

must be resolute where the honour of the craft and his own 
are so involved. The brethren who are named in the Charter 
of every newly-constituted Lodge are supposed to be good and 
honourable men, and on them lies the heavy responsibility of 
all future admissions. If one defective ashlar is passed it 
cannot be again rejected : every block, therefore, should be 
examined and thoroughly tested to prove its fitness, and that 
it is "just such as is needed for the use of the Temple." 
Brethren, such is the ideal life of a true Mason; it is not a 
vain aspiration, not a day dream or castle in the air; such 
men have lived, and such men still live. To expect that every 
Mason should come up to this ideal is, perhaps, expecting 
too much in this fallible world, but that every Mason should 
strive to reach it there can be no doubt. The principles of 
the brotherhood demand it, and unless their spirit be kept 
alive in the craft it cannot look for the respect of the world. 
The principles are perfect : let us, as Masons, strive to mould 
our lives in accordance with their sublime teaching. If we 
earnestly and honestly seek it, every day and every hour will 
give the opportunity we require; for 

" If, on our daily course, the mind 
Be bent to hallow all we find 
Life's trivial round, life's common task, 
Will furnish all we need to ask." 



Aug. 27th, 1872. 

Worshipful Sie and Brethren, — It gives me great pleasure 
to be present on this auspicious occasion, in compliance with the 
invitation of the brethren of St. Martin's Lodge, and I esteem it 
a compliment to the province of Devon to be so invited. They 
are your brethren, neighbours, and friends, and therefore, 
.equally with myself, take an interest in whatever interests you. 
And so with the Grand Lodge itself, as a very humble member I 
can assure you that nothing that concerns the well-being of the 
Craft is indifferent to them. For they must consider it a 
favourable omen that the members of a Lodge are so impressed 
with the importance of Freemasonry that they come forward 
and by their individual efforts erect in its honour a suitable 
temple, and notably when they do so to clear themselves from 
the imputation that they are actuated by convivial rather than 
by purely Masonic feeling. To do this is a proof that brethren 
are prepared to make a sacrifice not only of time and money but 
of old association. But, right Worshipful Sir, before proceeding 
further, let me take this opportunity of conveying to your Pro- 
vince, through you, an expression of sincere condolence from 
your brethren of Devonshire, on the occasion of your late great 
(I was going to add) irreparable loss. Your P.G. Master, Bro. 
Smith, was our frequent visitor, and was well known to many 
of us individually. He was, in my estimation, a good specimen 
of the true Englishman, for no man had a greater horror of 
wrong or a stronger determination to resist it. He used the 

New Masonic Hall, Liskeard. 83 

talents which the Great Architect of the Universe had given 
him, of time, money, and intellect, for the good of his fellow 
creatures. He converted the physical waste into a productive 
and beautiful garden, and the moral waste, created by over- 
crowded dwellings, filth, and ignorance, which was rapidly 
deteriorating the population of the Scilly Islands into a race 
only to be equalled in degradation, physical and moral, by the 
Swiss Cretins, he converted, by firmness and sound legislation, 
into an equally productive garden of cleanliness, decency, 
manliness, and intelligence. He was far-seeing, for he was the 
first in all England to apply the principle of compulsory 
education to his tenants, and the consequence is that nowhere is to 
be found a more intelligent, thriving, and contented race of people 
than that which now inhabits the Scilly Islands. It. may gratify 
you to inform you that at our Prov. G. meeting on Thursday last 
a unanimous resolution of condolence with your Province on their 
great loss was cordially carried. One of your own Grand 
Officers was present, and will tell you how sincerely this was 
expressed. Eeturning to the subject of our meeting to-day, I 
would venture to beg my brethren of the St. Martin's Lodge to 
consider well the importance of the task they have undertaken. 
Better would it be for them to turn back, although they have 
put their hands to the plough so far, than to persevere in a light 
or unbecoming spirit. I entreat them to reflect that a Temple, 
however gorgeous, is in itself no proof of genuine Masonry ; it is 
but the ark in which Masonry is to be enshrined. I entreat 
them to remember that the solemnity of our most sublime 
ceremonies is only of value so far as the moral principles they 
inculcate are practised within and without the Lodge. I entreat 
them always to keep before their eyes and impressed in their 
deepest memory that "Brotherly love, relief, and truth," 
cordially adopted and faithfully applied, are the brightest and 
most fitting jewels and the most enduring furniture of a Free- 
masons' Lodge. Again, I entreat the brethren of St. Martin's 
Lodge to reflect that by the ceremony of to-day, by coming as it 

84 ■ New Masonic Hall, Liskeard. 

were out of the shade into the broad light of day, they have 
challenged the regard of all their fellow townsmen, and that they 
must be prepared to know that every word and action will be 
more strictly scrutinized than when they remained in compara- 
tive obscurity. And what steps ought to be taken to meet this 
most justifiable and wholesome examination? If this Temple 
be indeed erected to true Masonry, you, brethren of St. Martin's 
Lodge, must take the greatest care that none are permitted to 
enter its portals but men who carry themselves erect among 
their fellows, and who are able to prove that they have done no 
dishonourable action which would disentitle them to take 
their place among "just and upright men." You must take 
care that you admit none whose domestic conduct will not bear 
the strictest scrutiny, whose life is not temperate, and whose 
disposition is not averse to quarrels ; for one litigious spirit would 
spoil the harmony which should at all times be the leading 
characteristic of a Freemasons' Lodge. Make sure that no 
candidate seeks initiation without sufficient thought or con- 
sideration ; for the presence of such induces a listless indifferent 
tone in the lodge at those moments when it is most desirable 
that an attentive earnest interest should pervade the members. 
Rigidly exclude everyone who appears after due inquiry to be 
seeking admission for the purpose of retrieving a ruined fortune ; 
nor is it right that any, on whom even undeserved misfortune has 
fallen, so that they cannot pay their just debts, should continue 
in active communication with the Order. Masonry is a luxury 
which all who enjoy should be able to pay for with their own 
means, leaving something which caIn be spared for the necessities 
of others without doing injury to themselves or their connections. 
He who cannot satisfy the just demands of his creditors should 
not be allowed to spend either time or money in the Lodge, or on 
Masonic objects ; both time and money are due to his'creditors, 
are needed by his family, and should be diligently applied to 
retrieving his embarrassed affairs. But when that end is 
accomplished, and to which all true Masons would lend their 

New Masonic Hall, Liskeard. 85 

best aid, then might the brother take his old accustomed place, 
welcomed with all the respect due to the integrity and persever- 
ance which had waged a successful battle' with misfortune. One 
word more, brethren, and I have finished. Let this foundation 
stone be to you as an altar around which to renew your mutual 
pledge, with a solemn resolution to observe it under all circum- 
stances, change, temptation, a.nd trial, and to practice charity, 
that great watchword of our order. In every relation of life 
towards each other, towards your relatives, towards your friends 
and neighbours, and towards strangers of every language, creed, 
and colour, practice always charity, — not only the charity of 
alms-giving, enjoined on us as that is by our obligation, and 
blessed by the command and practice of the Great Architect of 
the Universe Himself, but that more precious charity which 
thinketh no evil and speaketh no evil. Do this, and not only 
shall the world see how dearly Masons love each other and their 
fellow men, but you will indeed be living that true Masonic life 
which is but darkly shadowed forth by the emblems, secrets, 
working tools, lectures, and temples of our order, beautiful as 
they are, and which are as nothing when compared with the 
bright warm reality of Masonry fulfilled. 

'^Pili- •?!«• -Jli" llX- t'S? It's- •?!«• Iti- tk^ •««• lit' •?!«• •?»«• •«(«• tli- •?!«• •yjS' •?!«• •?!«• ■?»«• -yi^" "««• •^ti'i*^ 



Augjist 28th, 1873. 

Eight Worshipful Sie, — The commands you have laid 
upon me to perform to-day the customary duty of addressing 
the brethren present, and more particularly the brethren of the 
Lodge we are about to consecrate, will be obeyed with great 
Avillingness, but I fear, owing to illness, with even less force than 
on former occasions. I, however, feel the importance of this 
portion of the ceremony, on each recurring occasion for its 
exercise, to be of a very increasing and grave character, especially 
in all that relates to the conduct of the brethren without, as 
well as within, the Lodge. I therefore propose, to day, to con- 
fine myself to urging upon all who hear me, the necessity of 
guarding more carefully than ever the portals of our Order, 
that none unworthy shall be permitted to enter. Never in the 
history of the craft was Masonry so flourishing, if numbers are 
to be accepted as the proof of success. In our own Province 
a member has been added to the body for nearly every day of 
the past year. If each of those initiates is really what his 
proposer and seconder and the Lodge which has accepted him 
are bound by their obligations to scrupulously enquire and 
satisfy themselves that he is, namely, a " good man and true," 
then have we reason to rejoice that our principles have gained 
so many more volunteers for their support and dissemination. 
Indeed it would, in such a case, be a subject of deep regret that 
the number has not been multiplied by thousands for every unit, 
so as to hasten the coming of that millennium when the great 

Salem Lodge, No. 1443, Dawlish. 87 

Brotherhood of Nations shall learn in the practice of universal 
Masonry to forget that war, bloodshed, discord, and misery, ever 
polluted this world which the great God has given us for our use 
and enjoyment, so full of beauty, peace, and harmony. But if, 
on the other hand, sufficient care has not been taken by the 
Lodges (for on them as the ultimate court of appeal must rest 
the responsibility of every initiation) to test the moral qualities 
as well as the social position of each candidate proposed for 
admission into their number, it is impossible but that some have 
gained admission who are unworthy of the honour, and who will 
do discredit to the Order. If there be twenty such, or ten such, 
or even five such, amongst the 350 candidates admitted into the 
Devonshire Lodges, better would it have been for the Province 
and for the Order that not a single candidate should have been 
initiated during the whole year. The strength of every noble 
edifice or stately structure is to be estimated not by the altitude 
of its towers, by the number of its arches, or by the size of its 
buttresses, but by the strength of its weakest part. A deficient 
keystone, a rotten stone in the foundation, or a loose screw, may 
in a moment reduce to absolute ruin the proudest monument of 
the builder's art. And in the present day, when the spirit of the 
age is one of enquiry, when every pretension to superior con- 
sideration is immediately challenged, when all who claim skill or 
knowledge which are not possessed by others, must be prepared 
to show that their skill is real and their knowledge is true. 
Masonry more than any other human institution will, whether 
its members like it or not, be subjected to the same spirit of 
enquiry ; it will have to pass, as it were, through an ordeal of 
fire, to run the gauntlet of the severest criticism, and to en- 
counter the sharpest ridicule. The fire will not scathe us, the 
criticism will not wound us, neither will the ridicule give us any 
concern, if we are, as a body, true to our principles, — if in our 
daily lives we practice what we have learned in our Lodges. 
But if the dissolute claim admission for the sake of Conviviality, 
and have his claim allowed, if the bankrupt thinks Masonry 

88 Salem Lodge, No. 1443, Dawlish. 

will rebuild the fortune which neglect and improvidence have 
ruined, or if those whose private lives will not bear 
examination as to their morality, honesty, or religious senti- 
ments, are permitted to parade themselves in our ranks, the 
world will judge the Order not by the thousands of just and 
upright men who range under its banners, having the tongue 
of good report heard ever in their favour, but by the tens, or the 
units, by whose admission our own carelessness has given the 
outer world the power to judge and to condemn us. I use the 
word carelessness advisedly, for I cannot believe that any man 
who had pondered for a single moment on the solemn obligations 
he had taken as a master, or even as a simple member of a Lodge, 
would deliberately recommend any to a participation of our 
secrets, or permit them to share our privileges, unless he had a 
well founded confidence that the candidate so proposed would 
reflect credit on our choice. But the fact remains and cannot 
be contradicted, that many unworthy and unfitting men have of 
late years been admitted into the Order. Now each of these 
men holds the honour and the good name of the craft in his 
keeping as much as the most worthy and upright brethren do. 
An offence committed by an individual who is not a Mason affects 
but a limited circle, but when committed by a Mason it tarnishes 
the pure metal of our whole Order. It is not sufficient for us to 
point to the thousands of our brethren who lead blameless and 
useful lives, which show forth, as a shining light, the teaching of 
Masonry carried into daily practice. It is not sufficient for us 
to contend that bad members are to be found in every sect, even 
among professing Christians ; the world is only too eager to seize 
every opportunity of condemning what it does not understand, 
and by that opinion and judgement we must, as all other 
human institutions must, stand or fall. When therefore 
we see, my brethren, that one hour of a bad man's life 
will weigh more against the body to which we are so proud 
to belong than the whole of a good man's history, let us 
exercise the greatest care that none are admitted who can bring 

Salem Lodge, No. 1443, Dawlish. 89 

us individually and collectively into contempt. I speak to the 
whole of the brethren who are present, and more emphatically to 
you, W.M., officers, and brethren of Lodge Salem. I entreat you 
to be able to tell us in future years that you have made the 
internal and moral qualities of each candidate the subject of 
most searching enquiry and ■ the test of admission rather than 
his external position and advantages. Your duty. Worshipful 
Sir, is plain : to you is confided the honour of the whole body 
throughout the world ; sec that you perform your duty firmly. 
Your duty, officers of the Lodge, is equally plain, and so is yours, 
members of the Lodge ; see that you each in your turn are pre- 
pared to justify your acceptance into your ranks of every candi- 
date, tested as it ought to be by the principles of the Order. At 
all cost, my brethren, refuse admission to the unworthy and the 
unfitting. Let no ambition to enlarge your numbers, no eager- 
ness to increase your funds, ever divert you from following the 
straight and undeviating line which should ever mark the foot- 
steps of the true Mason. I trust that I have dealt with this 
subject so as to give pain to none. I have specified no individual 
case, but there must be many here who know well that I have 
reason for what I have said. My own experience and the 
experience of my Masonic friends throughout the kingdom guide 
me to the clear conclusion that I ought to address you on the 
subject. I should be unworthy of the confidence placed in me 
by him by whose grace I fill the proud office I do, and of the con- 
fidence you have always extended to me in the discharge of my 
responsible duties, if cowardice or indifference led me to be silent 
in the presence of an evil which is sapping the pure fame of our 
Institution. If you would save that pure fame, let every 
Mason strike at the very root of the evil, let each satisfy him- 
self of the good moral qualities of the candidates offered for his 
acceptance. Do not be satisfied with the negative fact that you 
know no evil of them, but assure yourselves that their minds 
and their dispositions are attuned to Masonry. Make each 
candidate understand that ours is no benefit society by which 

90 Salem, Lodge, No. 1448, Dawlish. 

he may expect to receive more than he brings, but on the 
contrary, let him be told that he will be expected to give rather 
than to receive, to do good to his fellow creatures rather than to 
be pensioners upon them. Let him, if possible, be taught more 
clearly still, that while we enjoy each others society round the 
festive board, temperance chastens our enjoyment, and that there 
is no room there for the drunkard and the dissolute. Tell every 
candidate that before he can become one of us he must, in the 
words of our ancient charge, "Let prudence direct him, 
temperance chasten him, fortitude support him, and justice be 
the guide of all his actions." And then, in the words of a 
distinguished brother, " The rigid observance of these rules for 
a series of years — and not many years will be required — will 
restore the goodly condition of former years, when the moral 
force of the Masonic obligation was alone sufficient to secure 
obedience to all requirements, and enable us to feel that it is a 
great honour and distinction in society to be hailed and 
recognised as Freemasons. With these views it has been my 
constant effort, in visiting lodges, to impress upon my brethren a 
higher standard of Masonic excellence, more exacting tests of 
fitness in candidates, a more rigid observance of our solemn 
personal obligations to each other in all our intercourse, and 
more readiness to punish every departure from those obligations. 
I have urged upon them everywhere, that the so-called lesser 
evils of society, of which the law of the land takes no cognizance 
— intemperance, profanity, evil speaking, hypocrisy, and 
deception — are all Masonic offences ; and, as we would preserve 
the ancient lustre and hallowed charm which has so long en- 
circled the Fraternity, we cannot be too zealous in their 
condemnation and punishment." I fervently pray that with me 
you will strain every nerve to remove the spots which disfigure 
our glorious luminary; and then, to quote from another 
distinguished brother, a P.G. Chaplain of England, "If thus, 
brethren, we hold to the great principles of our order, ' adding to 
our faith virtue, to virtue knowledge, to knowledge temperance, 

Salem Lodge, No. 1443, Dawlish. 91 

to temperance brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kindneas 
charity, then we shall hand down something in our generation 
to bless and enrich our craft, our country, and our kind. 
"Systems may change ; customs may vary ; nay, empires may 
rise or fall; we shall still, keeping in view the ancient landmarks 
and ' the bright and morning star,' go on our way rejoicing — 
rejoicing in the spread of truth, of virtue, and of charity; 
rejoicing in the diffusion of that peace and goodwill which shall 
conduce to the brotherhood of nations ; rejoicing in the miti- 
gation of human sorrow, and in the elevation of human thought. 
Then, having passed through the apprenticeship of human 
discipline, having had fellowship in the work of restoration, 
having mastered the lower passions and affections of human 
nature, having, in fact, finished the work given us to do, we 
shall exchange these lodges or tents we now inhabit for eternal 
mansions not made with hands, which the Great Architect has 
prepared, and we shall enter on the possession of that promised 
land where the good and faithful workman shall rejoin the 
companions of his former toils, shall rest from his labours, and 
shall receive his ' great reward.' " 



April 16th, 1874. 

Eight Woeshipful Sir and Brethren, — In the address 
which I purpose, according to our antient and most appropriate 
custom, to deliver at the dedication of this Lodge, I shall 
confine myself entirely to the question which engrossed our 
attention at the dedication of Salem Lodge last summer, viz., 
the influence which the character of the candidates we admit as 
members exercise on the Craft. I do this because, since my 
address was published, I have been overwhelmed with information 
and correspondence on the subject, not only in my own Province, 
but from a very large number of places elsewhere. Wide as my 
experience was, I had no idea that such great laxity existed 
until I opened the subject. Proofs upon proofs have poured in 
upon me of old Masons, to use a common expression, touting 
for candidates without any regard to their moral fitness ; of 
men admitted whom the slightest inquiry would have shown to 
be totally unfitted in their habits, position in life, and solvency ; 
of the Masonic symbol being degraded into a trade sign within 
twenty-four hours of a candidate's initiation ; of others seeking 
-to borrow money of their lodges, becoming insolvent, or 
carrying about begging petitions within a very few weeks after 
they were admitted. I am not one who would call our gold 
dross because it is mixed with some alloy ; I would not turn 
back my hand from the plough because the soil we work in sinks 
sometimes into a cold ungrateful clay, instead of the rich alluvial 
earth which teems with so much beauty and plenty ; I do not, 
for one, expect an impossible perfection ; but I do say, let the 
utmost possible perfection be striven for. I protest against our 

Duncombe Lodge, No. 1486, Kingsbridge. 93 

Institution being judged by the decaying branches I would 
myself cut off. I claim that it should rather be judged by the 
fruit of the -whole tree. Nothing, therefore, is further from my 
thoughts than to become a harsh censor of my Brethren ; 
nothing would give me deeper pain than to be esteemed a 
prophet of evil, except the consciousness that I had concealed 
an unpalatable truth from the fear of unpopularity. In families 
which pride themselves on a long and honourable descent from 
illustrious ancestors it is always held that gentle breeding, 
elegant accomplishments, strict morality, and a deep regard for 
truth and virtue, are a necessity of their position. The world 
looks up to them as its leaders, and records their sayings and 
doings as examples to be imitated. Noblesse oblige is the motto 
of their Order, and the guiding star in all their dealings with 
their equals and their inferiors. Had aristocracies always 
acted up to this motto, — had they always conducted themselves 
noble in deed as in name, — those social changes from which 
their Order has suffered so much in so many parts of the world 
would never have occurred, they would never have been weighed 
in the scales of revolution and found wanting. And so it is- 
with Freemasonry. If we rely upon the inheritance which has 
been bequeathed to us, if in the tractitious and outer ceremonies 
of our antient brethren we found our claim to consideration, 
if we expose the buds of promise to the chill frost of neglect, so 
that neither leaf, nor blossom, nor fruit are possible, if we 
ignore in our Lodges the pure system of morality Masonry 
teaches, and permit our allegories and symbols to be degraded, 
and stultified, a time must come when our system will deservedly 
be declared rotten and unworthy to be countenanced by popular 
belief or support. Then will come a crash of the noble fabric 
which has been raised, stone by stone, through so many 
generations by men so gifted and so self-denying ; then will fall 
the lofty tree which has towered so long over all the other 
denizens of the forest. But there will fall with it many a frail 
and beautiful creeper which has embraced with delicate tendrils- 

94 Duncombe Lodge, No. 1486, Kingsbridge. 

its stately trunk, growing with its growth and strengthening 
with its strength ; it will crush in its fall thousands of lowly 
but beautiful flowers which have been fostered in its grateful 
shade. We shall mourn over them, for they are beautiful and 
joyous, those kindly ties, those fraternal regards, those endearing 
words and promises of warm affection and mutual support; 
but for the tree itself, if it becomes hollow to the centre, if all 
its good qualities are to be but the plaything of the trifier, 
the tool of the self-seeker, and the counterfeit of the boon 
companion, we shall be obliged to accept the verdict which the 
outer world will certainly pronounce upon it, " Away with it, 
away with it, why cumbereth it the ground ! " This is the 
downward tendency which an indiscriminate overgrowth of our 
body clearly testifies. There is ample time to arrest the descent 
of every Lodge, and every individual member will firmly resolve 
that it shall not descend, if they set about doing this, not by 
looking to others to commence, not by criticising the actions of 
other Lodges, but by taking care that no such errors are 
committed by themselves. Let each ask himself if the prudence 
that should direct, the temperance that should chasten, the 
fortitude that should support, and the justice that should guide, 
are to be found in every candidate for his suffrages, and if he 
reaches that moral standard by which he should stand or fall 
when the ballot-box goes round. Does every Master of a 
Lodge guard, as he ought, the landmarks of the Order from 
encroachment by enquiring if every one initiated during his 
year of office is a just and upright man, and one in whose 
favour the tongue of good report has been heard ; that each in 
his rank of life is actuated by the desire to minister to the 
wants of others rather than seeking to advance his own 
interests, or to retrieve his own broken fortunes ; that he owes 
no man anything in law or equity ; that he is, in his dealings 
with his fellow-men, faithful, truthful, and conciliatory ? — every 
Master of a Lodge watch with extreme jealousy the working of 
the Emergency Clause, lest by undue and suspicious haste some 

Duncombe Lodge, No. 1486, Kingsbridge. 95 

one, who is better known than trusted in another part of the 
Province, and who has, therefore, been rejected by or withdrawn 
from another Lodge, and who is unworthy of the honour, may 
be smuggled into our Order ? I have not the time, nor is this the 
place, to show how many Masters neglect this most important 
part of their duty, a departure from which involves a breach 
of the most solemn obligation they took at their installation. 
Far be it from me to assert, or even insinuate, that any Brother 
filling the responsible post of Master of a Lodge would 
knowingly and deliberately degrade the dignity of the Order 
which he has sworn to preserve unblemished. But neglect in 
the performance of so plain and important a duty is not only 
culpable, but almost criminal. However well and worthily 
recommended a candidate may be, it is the bounden duty of 
every Master and his Wardens to satisfy themselves by private 
enquiry that the recommendation has not been given in 
ignorance or from partiality, but that it is upheld by the 
universal verdict of those among whom the candidate has 
lived, or with whom he has daily intercourse in the ordinary 
transactions of life. And not only the Master and Wardens, 
and not only every other officer, but every private member of 
the Lodge should, each in his place, remember and ever keep 
steadfastly before his mind's eye that he is the appointed 
guardian of a sacred trust, and that he is bound to assert, and by 
his individual suffrage to vindicate, the integrity and honour of 
the Craft. Let each member feel that the character of the 
individual member, and not the muster roll, constitutes the 
strength of a Lodge ; quality, not quantity, can alone extend and 
consolidate the power and influence of true Freemasonry. It 
were better that in this extensive Province there were but 200 
Masons, if these were all good men and true, rather than 2,000 
if even only one in fifty of these reflected discredit on his 
Brethren. Aye, better twenty only of men who can walk erect 
before their fellows in uprightness of thought and action, 
performing correctly their duty as citizens, as husbands, and as 

96 Buncombe Lodge, No. 1486, Kingshridge. 

fathers, devoting such times and means as they can spare from 
the exigencies of their own avocations to the necessities of their 
poorer brethren and fellows, extending the great Brotherhood of 
mankind towards which Freemasonry is tending, by ministering 
by every means in their power to the relief of physical and 
mental distress, by promoting education, morality, and religion, 
and combating injustice and oppression wherever found. Better 
twelve such men as these than a crowd who entered the 
Order only as a means of self-indulgence or self-advancement. 
Brethren, I am pained indeed to have to renew this subject, 
but if I did not, who should say it ? I who have seen so much 
of the bright side of human nature reflected in Masonry, I who 
have made so many fast and dear friends in Masonry, I whom 
you yourselves have so often made your almoner in the cause of 
charity, alms so liberal that they have caused our Province to 
be pointed out as an example. I trust you will believe me that 
in making these observations I am actuated by no capricious or 
dictatorial spirit, but with the sincere desire of promoting the 
cause of true Masonry. For the honours which have been 
showered upon me by Masonry, for the cordial support you, 
my Brethren, have always extended to me, I should, indeed, be 
ungrateful if I were not actuated by motives of the purest 
character. Of what use is the sentinel upon the walls if he 
will not sound the alarm when the enemy is at the gate ? Why 
should the watchman be placed upon the dyke at all if he does 
not give the signal when the sea is about to break through the 
mound and overwhelm the community in utter ruin ? To you,. 
W.M. and Brethren of Lodge Duncombe, I wish happiness and 
prosperity, and that you may be happy and prosperous I pray 
you never to forget the true principles of Freemasonry, and never 
to be weary in practising them. Your history is as yet unwritten;, 
as yet your minute book contains no record of your actions or 
your motives ; see that none, either of your present members or 
of your successors, shall ever find that you have entered on its 
pages what is contrary to the true principles of Masonry or 
what shall create a burning but vain desire to erase. 



Aug. 14th, 1874. 

Eight Worshipful Sie and Brethebn, — Who among us will 
ever forget the glorious scene in which he has taken part 
to-day? We have right loyally carried out one segment, at 
least, of our Masonic obligation. We have proved our al- 
legiance to the Sovereign of our native land in the person of 
that gracious Prince, who is not only an illustrious chief of 
our Order, but heir to that empire on which the sun never 
sets, and heir, too, as we fondly hope, of those virtues which 
have seated her so firmly in the affections of all her subjects. 
But a day so auspicious can best be made memorable among 
Masons by our rendering the circle of our Masonic duties com- 
plete by practising the leading characteristic of our Order — 
Charity. Without some such act the keystone of the arch is 
still loose, the brightest jewel in the Masonic tiara is still 
unpolished and unset. To this end I ask you to support the pro- 
position of our revered Prov. G. Master. The chaTity is, indeed, 
my child, both by inheritance and adoption, dearer to me 
than anything else in the world, save those whom God has 
given to me as my own ; but I will plead to you for it on its 
intrinsic merits, not on personal grounds, although I should 
be ungrateful indeed if I neglected to acknowledge the munifi- 
cent responses I have already received, and which have been 
accompanied by so many expressions of confidence and good- 
will towards myself. I plead to you, then, on behalf of the 

98 Prov. G. Lodge, Devonshire. 

Asylum, on benevolent, patriotic, and Masonic grounds. Is it 
not our recognised duty, as Masons, to carry comfort and 
consolation to every one of our fellow creatures in the hour 
of their need ? The Asylum does this in the persons of the 
most helplesg class in the world, the destitute female orphan. 
Already it has rescued 1,000 such from ^Yant, ignorance, and 
vice, and it seeks by the erection of additional wings to double 
the number of inmates, to give to those unhappy children 
wholesome food instead of starvation, warm clothing and 
lodging instead of scanty rags and pinching cold, industrial, 
intellectual, moral, and religious teaching instead of the blank 
mind which knows not wrong from right, or good from evil, 
and the dulled soul which has been as neglected as the body. 
They have been born into the world with faces as fair, with 
forms as graceful, with intelligence as bright, as those possess 
in whom all our affections are wrapped up ; and it rests with you 
to say whether their future shall be as bright, although it may 
be more humble, or whether it shall be so dark that humanity 
shudders at the contemplation. But for the aid of charity, 
begin their history as you may, it is sure to end in beggary 
or the streets, the refuge, the hospital, the union, and the 
pauper grave. And the class of miserables for whom I am 
especially pleading have been reduced to this wretched plight 
that our children should still be happy, and unpolluted by the 
touch of the invader. These children's fathers served, fought, 
bled, and died, that England might still be great, glorious, and 
free. By the sword, disease, fire, and shipwreck, they fell by 
thousands, and until we came to the rescue no one asked 
what had become of the root tree which had been overthrown, 
of the faithful wives who had been made miserable widows, 
and the happy children who had been made destitute orphans. 
And of these warriors so faithful to their trust many were 
our brethren with whom we have interchanged the grasp of 
true and sure brotherhood. In the present there are now, 
and in the future there are sure to be, many such claimants 

Prov. G. Lodge, Devonshire. 99 

for relief, orphans of our brave defenders and our brother 
Masons. Will you not help them and shelter them within the 
walls where brotherly love shall guide and guard them ? I know, 
I feel you will, not only in this our Prov. G. Lodge, but in your 
own Lodges, and in your own persons, and by your own in- 
fluence. And such a testimonial of Masonic benevolence and 
patriotism will silence all cavillers who ask "what is the good 
of Masonry?" What more can I say to commend so good a 
cause to your support ? When you go back to your own family 
circles, and your own dear children crowd around your knee 
and ask with eager enquiring tongue and eye what you have 
seen and done to-day, tell them of the gracious princely 
presence in which you have stood, of the gorgeous exciting 
scene in which you yourselves played a part. But tell, too, 
that you have helped to plant a tree, which, when all who 
have taken a part in to-day's pageant have passed away, and 
which, when they and their children's children are forgotten, 
shall shelter under its widespread, fruitful branches, genera- 
tion after generation of happy children, who but for its shelter 
would have drifted down life's rapid, turbid stream into the 
dread ocean of eternity, uncared for and unthought of, as 
neglected in mind and soul as in body. 



June 23rd, 1875. 

Eight Worshipful Sir, — By your command I have under- 
taken the task which it has so often previously been my pleasing 
duty to perform of delivering the usual oration ; a duty made on 
this occasion more onerous, as the same address must, from want 
of time, serve for both the Consecration of the Prudence Lodge 
and Huyshe Chapter. Unfortunately the duty is required of me 
at a time when I have been overwhelmed with most urgent and 
anxious engagements elsewhere, and I must ask the indulgence 
of the Brethren if I am not able to place before them so concisely 
and clearly as I could wish, the important points on which I 
have to address them. I the more regret this as I never 
remember any occasion on which I so desired to carry conviction 
with my every word, and to persuade the Brethren that, in 
following the advice I have to offer, they will be not only main- 
taining our noble Order on the proud eminence it has reached, 
but ensuring it against those dangers which I and others more 
elevated in the Craft and more highly gifted than myself are 
convinced threaten it. But before all other topics I must speak 
of the honour done to our Craft by the acceptance by H.E.H. the 
Prince 6i Wales of the leadership of our Order. Who that 
witnessed that matchless spectacle will ever forget it ? Who is 
there " with soul so dead " as not, even now, to delight in con- 
juring up before his mind's eye that vast and grand picture in 
which figured all that is good, great, and noble in Masonry? 
Who is there so thoughtless as not to look beneath the surface 

Prudence Lodge, No. 1550, Plymouth. 101 

and see, clear as the sun at noon-day, that the many thousands 

who had gathered on that day from the north, the south, the 

east, and the west, the noble and the learned, the statesman, the 

minister of religion, the advocate, the physician, the merchant, 

the tradesman, the soldier, the sailor, and the son of toil, came 

not only to do homage to a Eoyal Chief, all sufficient as such a 

season might, at any other time, be esteemed, but they came in 

their thousands to shout down the taunting cry, and unjust 

imputfltion, that they were disloyal to the State or unfaithful to 

true religion ; they came to shew the whole world that the 

noble tree of Masonry was still sound to the core, and still more 

vigorous than ever, although one branch had unhappily fallen to 

the ground. It devolves now upon Masons to shew, not only 

in the Lodge, but in society and in their daily lives, of how 

noble an Order they are the members. Masonry has done much 

for you all, and she has a right to expect that you should do 

much for her. She has bestowed upon you great and invaluable 

privileges, and it is your business to see that your lives as 

Masons do not disparage them. Let the Vatican thunder as it 

■will, let every Ultramontane sound its feeble, querulous note ; 

" Nought can make us rue, 
If Masons to themselves do prove but true." 

Truth to Masonry consists in living honest, upright, active, 
genial, and charitable lives. It consists in showing that 
Masonry is not an abstraction, but a real spirit influencing the 
life, sentiments, and actions of her sons; not the mirage that 
stimulates the oasis, but a real oasis in the desert of life, which 
gives its grateful shade to the weary, its refreshing drink to the 
thirsty, and its strengthening food to the feeble. To live such a 
life as this we have but to remember that by the obligations we 
have taken we have pledged ourselves to practice towards the 
whole world, and more especially towards those who are of the 
household of our faith, "Brotherly Love, Belief, and Truth." 
I come now to the best mode of ensuring such a standard of 
moral character in our members as shall enable us to maintain 

102 Prudence Lodge, No. 1550, Plymouth. 

the proud position our Order has reached, and to prevent its 
retrograding. The indiscriminate and often culpable manner 
in which unfit and unworthy persons are admitted into the Order 
is doing the greatest injury, and will eventually destroy its towers 
and undermine its foundations, unless all Lodges unite in en- 
forcing more stringent rules as to the admission of candidates. 
I have given long and serious consideration to the remedies 
requisite, and in my mind they resglve themselves into two 
heads, — pecuniary and, what is much more important, moral. 

I believe the fee for initiation should never be below ^10. 10s., 
and that every Lodge should pay towards charitable objects, 
giving a preference to those of a Masonic character, at least 5s. 
for each member, independent of Grand, Provincial, or Private 
Lodge subscriptions. 

Secondly. — That every Master and his Wardens should be 
required to make themselves acquainted, by private inquiry, 
with the social position and moral qualities of every candidate 
for initiation, and whether he had ever been proposed in any 
other Lodge. That the name of no candidate who resides at a 
distance from the Lodge in which he is proposed shall be placed 
in the circular for initiation until the most searching inquiries 
have been made as to the reason why he was not proposed in a 
Lodge nearer his place of residence. That the Emergency 
Clause should be more rigidly enacted. That every candidate 
should pledge himself not to use the Masonic emblems on any 
sign-board, flag, card, or paper connected with his calling. 
That no member of a Lodge who has compounded with his 
creditors shall be allowed to continue as a subscribing member 
until his debts have been paid in full. 

Such, my Brethren, are some of the suggestions I would offer 
for the adoption of those Lodges which sincerely desire to sustain 
the dignity and integrity of the order. There are others which 
will suggest themselves to the mind of Brethren who desire that 
none should belong to us but those whose upright lives are 
backed by well-squared actions. I commend them to your serious 

Prudence Lodge, No. 1550, Plymouth. 103 

consideration, and, through the press, I also commend them to 
the entire Craft. I am content that they should be criticised 
and amended, but I assume that in some form and at no distant 
date they will be adopted. I turn from that which is at all 
times an unpleasant task to one that is more consonant with 
Masonic feelings and peculiarly congenial to myself. I allude to 
that splendid display of Masonic benevolence which the United 
Provinces of Devonshire and Cornwall made on the occasion of 
His Eoyal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh placing the memorial 
stone of the Eoyal British Female Orphan Asylum, with which 
I am so personally and intimately connected. In private Lodges 
and to private members of the Craft I have had some oppor- 
tunities of expressing my grateful thanks for that munificent 
contribution, now amounting, with other donations from other 
parts of England, to nearly 1,250 guineas, including 25 guineas 
from the Eoyal Patron of the Fund, H.E.H. the Prince of Wales, 
Grand Master. I eagerly embrace this, the first opportunity 
which has presented itself, of thanking you all most sincerely, 
and I cannot express how sincerely. The impression which such 
a munificent act has made on the public mind is most favourable 
to Freemasonry ; its benefits will continue to be felt by many an 
orphan of our brave but unfortunate Brethren in the army and 
navy whose lives may hereafter be sacrificed in the service of 
their country by the sword, disease, and shipwreck ; and it will 
never be forgotten by me ; for I deeply feel that, however worthy 
the cause I advocate was of Masonic support, personal regard to 
myself incited the Brethren of this Province, at least, to the great 
exertions which terminated in so glorious a result. And it is 
right that you should know that, during the late election, out of 
150 candidates there were no less than three orphans of our 
deceased Brethren, of whom two were elected, and the other, 
who was only brought to our knowledge at a very late period by 
the W.M. of the Lodge at Weymouth, Bro. Hooper, son of our 
esteemed Bro. Hooper of Exeter, will, I trust, by your votes be 
elected next year. Again I thank you, but amidst all my 

104 Prudence Lodge, No. 1550, Plymouth. 

personal gratification and personal interest in the Asylum, I 
challenge contradiction when I say the cause is worthy for which 
you have done so nobly and so well. And now, Worshipful Sir 
and Brethren, I earnestly commend the good work in which we 
have been engaged to-day to the care of Him who is the Euler 
and Architect of this as of all works. May He dispose those 
who are to rule over the Prudence Lodge and Huyshe Chapter to 
obey the precepts laid down for their guidance in the Volume of 
the Sacred Law, to govern the Brethren with discretion and with 
brotherly love, and to adhere strictly to the antient customs and 
landmarks of the Order. May He put it into the hearts of the 
members of both the Lodge and Chapter to remember that 
to them is entrusted the guardianship not only of our secrets 
but of our principles, and that they may so conduct themselves, 
individually and collectively, that the Prudence Lodge and 
Huyshe may be, in our time and in the time to come, a credit 
to Freemasonry, a blessing to mankind, and an honour to the 
Great Architect of the Universe. 



March 23rd, 1876. 

Most Excellent Sir and Companions, — With each recurring 
occasion I feel an increasing diffidence and difficulty in per- 
forming the task devolving on me of delivering the oration usual 
at the consecration of every Eoyal Arch Chapter. This difficulty 
does. not arise from lack of interest or material; far from it, for 
no subject in Freemasonry is so rich in matter or so elevated in 
tone. The Eoyal Arch Degree is and must be the ne plus ultra 
of Freemasonrj', the very climax and capstone of the Order, 
for it deals with a theme which is above all other themes, and 
which no other can approach much less surpass ; for however 
beautiful, however graceful, however useful other degrees may be 
as spurs to real and incentives to imagination, the Eoyal Arch 
Degree can know no peer. Masonry would be incomplete unless 
it led us by gradual steps to the contemplation of the Great 
Jehovah, the incomprehensible Alpha and Omega, who was and 
is to come, the actual present, future, and all-sufficient God, 
who alone has his being of and from Himself, and gives to all 
others their being ; who was, and is, and shall be the same from 
everlasting to everlasting, all creation dependent on His Al- 
mighty will. Therefore the more I reflect on the, to us, vital 
principles inculcated in the solemn ceremony in which we are 
about to engage, the more anxious I am to approach it with the 
reverence it claims, and to enforce on all the Companions of the 
Order the absolute necessity of regarding this august degree 
with the same amount of veneration. It is very easy, and it is 

106 Devon and Dundas Chapters. 

very pleasant, to look back and draw the parallel, as Free- 
masonry does, between our actual every-day life and a true 
Masonic career. From our dependence on others, even for the 
preservation of life itself, in the first portion of our existence, 
we have deduced the moral that it is our duty to learn and 
practice an abiding lesson of mutual dependence and equality. 
Passing onward in life, we reached that period where opportunity 
was given us to practice these principles; the dignity, too, of 
labour and its usefulness were as clearly shown as its necessity. 
We were taught, that to rightly employ the hours given to us, and 
to consider them as precious talents to be used not only for our 
own benefit and that of those who are dependent upon us, but 
also for the good of our fellow creatures and the glory of our 
Oeator, is the most grateful sacrifice and return we can offer up 
for all the benefits conferred upon us when we ourselves most 
needed assistance. To the man who has cultivated his intellectual 
powers to the glory of God and the welfare of his fellow 
creatures, — who, while glorying in his manhood and the meridian 
brightness of life, has modelled his life by the sacred dictates 
of morality and religion, — the warm noon glides easily and swiftly 
into the calm afternoon and gathering shades of evening, until 
the night comes, when, without a shock or a fear, he lays down 
his mortal part in the grave, as in a bed ; his last look not turned 
back with vain regret to the scenes of his earthly life, but 
forward and upward, with resignation to the Divine will, and 
with trusting confidence, " to that bright Morning Star, whose 
rising shall bring peace and salvation to the faithful and 
obedient of the human race." For masonry, in this degree, 
points with no faltering finger to the future beyond the grave, 
when we shall come face to face with the great I AM, who is the 
Eternal Euler of the Universe, the elemental life, the primordial 
source of all its principles, the very spring and fountain of all 
its virtues. He has, indeed, given us the earth with all its 
teeming plenty and beauty for our enjoyment and use, during our 
brief existence here, but He has also told us, with no uncertain 

Devon and Dundas Chapters. 107 

iVoice, that our life is but a pilgrimage and a period of probation 
for admission into a nobler and eternal state hereafter. And 
this is why, as I pass from the contemplation of the things of 
this world to those of the world to come, — from the weak and 
finite actions and thoughts of time to the boundless prospects 
and harmonious laws of eternity, — from dealing with my fellow 
men, who are fallible and corrupt as myself — to the study of the 
attributes of the Supreme Being, who is all perfect, my ease 
vanishes, and I pause with awe in the presence of that dread 
Name around which centre all the mysteries of this supreme 
Degree. I entreat you, therefore, brethren and companions, to 
ponder deeply its meaning and mystery, and never to approach 
it yourselves, nor suffer others to approach it, in a spirit of 
indifference or irreverence. Eemember always that unless you 
adopt its solemn teaching the circle of your Masonic duties is 
incomplete, and all your previous professions and practice value- 
less ; therefore, 

" Let all your lamps be bright, 

Gird up your loins as in His sight, 

And trim the golden flame, 

For awful is His name." 

The Eoyal Arch Degree stands, then, as a beacon, a pillar of 
light to guide us through the wilderness of doubt and difficulty 
by which we are surrounded in our earthly pilgrimage, only 
leaving us when,' having passed through the dark portals which 
divide life from death, we enter the promised land, those happy 
regions where the true secrets of Masonry shall be disclosed to 
the faithful and obedient of the human race. To gain this great 
end we must during our earthly existence, with untiring zeal and 
unswerving faith, perform the task allotted to us while it is yet 
day. As trusty workmen and faithful companions, we must 
employ our working tools : with the pickaxe, we must clear away 
the ruins of a fallen nature; with the trowel, we must build up a 
fairer shrine for the reception of truth and virtue ; with the sword 
by our side, we must fight for the weak against the strong, for 
the good against the evil, and for the true against the false ; and 

108 * Devon and Diindas Chapters. 

with the shovel, we must bury the rubbish of the old Adam, so 
that our spirits may be purified to arise, when summoned by our 
tremendous but merciful Judge, into a better and immortal life. 

We should not read this degree rightly, however, if we did 
not recognise the bond of union it creates between our earthly 
duties and heavenly prospects. No rigid adherence to the rules 
of morality, no mere conscientious discharge of our obligations 
to ourselves, our families, or to the world at large, will ever raise 
us, unless they are sanctified by religion. But, on the. other 
hand, the constant and strict performance of our duties here is 
recognised most clearly, and enforced in the most emphatic 
manner throughout the whole of this Degree, and this finds 
utterance in the charge which is, or ought to be, given in every 
Chapter. I know no words more fitting with which to close this 

Brethren and Companions : " You are about to quit this 
sacred retreat of peace and friendship, and to mix again with the 
world. Amidst all its cares and employments forget not the 
duties which have been so frequently inculcated and strongly 
recommended in this supreme convocation. Be ye, therefore, 
discreet, prudent, and temperate. Eemember that around this 
altar ye have voluntarily and solemnly vowed to befriend and 
relieve with unhesitating cordiality every brother who shall need 
your assistance, sympathy, or advice ; that you have promised 
to remind him in the most gentle manner of his failings, and to 
aid in his reformation ; to defend and vindicate strenuously his 
character whenever wrongfully traduced, and to suggest the 
most candid, the most palliating, and the most favourable 
circumstances, even when he is justly liable to blame and 
reprehension. Thus shall the world see how Masons love one 
another. But, my brethren and companions, you are to extend 
the noble and generous sentiments yet further. Let me impress 
upon your minds, and let it be instilled into your hearts, that 
every human being has an undoubted claim to your kind offices, 
and while we more particularly recommend to your care the 

Devon and Dundas Chapters. 109 

household of the faithful, we strictly enjoin you to do good to 
all, and to carry comfort and consolation to every one of your 
fellow creatures in the hour of their need. Thus by diligence 
and fidelity in the discharge of your public and private duties, 
by liberal benevolence and diffusive charity, by constancy and 
sincerity in your friendships, by being uniformly kind, just, 
amiable, and virtuous in your deportment, you may prove to the 
world the happy and beneficent effects which flow from our 
ancient and honourable institution. And let it not be said that 
you have laboured in vain or wasted your strength for nought ; 
for your work is before the Lord and your recompense is with 
your God. Finally, brethren and companions, be all of one 
mind and live in peace with each other, and may the God of 
Love and Mercy delight to dwell among you and bless you for 



Feb. 20th, 1877. 

Excellent Companion Loed Mount Edgcumbe, — In acting 
to-day as Installing OfBcer it is my pleasing privilege to con- 
gratulate you on the distinguished position you have attained, 
and the Province on their good fortune in receiving as their 
ruler one who, both by precept and example, illustrates and 
adorns the principles of Freemasonry. I am also charged to 
convey to you the warmest congratulations and good wishes 
of my illustrious Chief, the Grand Superintendent, and the 
Companions of Devonshire. You have already shewn, as 
Provincial Grand Master, that you possess a just and generous 
mind which would be more gratified in guiding the judgment 
and winning the affections of your brethren than in exercising 
a despotic power over their lives and fortunes. To all of us 
our Great Master has committed talents, to some more and 
others less, for which we shall have to account at His coming. 
To you, more than to most, He has committed great and 
precious talents which I am confident you will not bury in a 
napkin, but employ to His glory and the welfare of your 
fellow creatures, more especially the great talent to be com- 
mitted to your keeping this day. You receive this honourable 
distinction at a time when the Prelates of a Church hostile to 
our Order are every day, with increased virulence, fulminating 

Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, Prov. G. Sup., Truro. Ill 

anathemas against Freemasons as materialists and atheists. 
It will be your duty by your public conduct, your private life, 
and your teaching, to contradict so unfounded a calumny. 
Before administering to you the solemn obligation pertaining 
to your office, it is my duty to call your attention to the 
supreme and unsurpassable character of the Eoyal Arch 
Degree. It must of necessity be the climax of Freemasonry, 
for it is intimately blended with all that is near and dear to 
Tis in another and a higher state of existence. It is founded 
on a name which is above every name, the name of the Great 
I AM, who was from all Eternity, is now, and shall be one 
and the same for ever ; who is the Eternal Euler of the 
Universe, the elemental life, the primordial source of all its 
principles, the very spring and fountain of all its virtues and 
of all its blessings. Like the ladder of Jacob's dream, the 
base of our system rests on the earth, the intermediate steps 
are clear and defined, but the summit reaches to the heavens 
and is buried in the clouds. When the just and upright 
brother who has modelled his life according to the principles 
of truth and virtue, — who has made Charity his, guide in 
thought, word, and deed, towards all men, — who has cultivated 
and exercised his intellectual powers to the glory of God and 
the welfare of his fellow creatures, stands at last on the brink 
of the grave which is about to receive him into its cold bosom, 
he quails not, but raises his eyes in faith "to that bright 
Morning Star, whose rising shall bring peace and salvation to 
the faithful and obedient of the human race." And then, when 
Death has thrown his sable mantle around him — when the 
last arrow of our mortal enemy has been despatched— when 
the bow of the mighty conqueror has been broken by the iron 
arm of time — when the angel of the Lord has declared that 
time itself shall be no more, and when, by that victory, God 
has subdued all things unto Himself — then will our faithful 
brother behold the clouds rolled back from the summit of the 
ladder, and he will find himself in the presence of the Great 

112 Earl of Mount Edgcumhe, Pror. G. Sup., Truro. 

I AM, his beneficent Creator and merciful Judge, and he shall 
behold (not as now, through a glass darkly, but face to face) 
Him whom he has obeyed in life and trusted in death. The 
Eoyal Arch Degree is, therefore, to us a pillar of daily ad- 
miration and instruction, and a beacon of eternal light guiding 
us through the intricate windings of our mortal existence, and 
only leaving us when, having passed through the gloomy por- 
tals which divide life from death, we enter those eternal 
mansions where the true secrets of Masonry shall be disclosed 
never again to be concealed or lost. Were there a thousand 
degrees each more beautiful than the other, useful as they 
may be as illustrations, exponents, or incentives, they are, unless 
connected with or dependent on the Eoyal Arch Degree, 
weakened as moral teachers and deprived of their most solemn, 
vital, and instructive character. They would be like the fruit 
described in eastern fable, beautiful and tempting to the eye, 
but stony and cold to the touch and bitter as ashes to the 
taste. Had the soul no aspirations breathed into its inmost 
consciousness by which it was convinced it should never perish, 
the cry of the heathen sensualist, "Let us eat, drink, and be 
merry, for to-morrow we die," would be the best philosophy 
and the easiest rule of life. Still superlative as 1 claim this 
degree to be, I emphatically call on you to remember that it 
is but a link, although the most precious link, in the golden 
chain which binds together in mutual dependence the various 
parts of our whole system. And if you have carefully followed 
the teaching of the three degrees of which the Eoyal Arch is 
the capstone, you will have learned that there is no more 
acceptable service or sacrifice you can offer to your beneficent 
Creator than to look beyond the narrow limits of particular 
institutions, whether civil or religious, and to behold in every 
child of Adam a brother of the dust. You obey His will and 
you do the truest Masonic work when you tend the sick, feed 
the hungry, clothe the naked, shelter the outcast, visit the 
widow and orphan in their desolation, cheer the mourners in 

Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, Prov. G. Sup., Truro. 113 

their sorrow, and extend comfort and consolation to every one 
of your fellow creatures in their need, irrespective of nation, 
language, creed, or colour. 

He prayetli best who loveth best 
All things both great and small, 
For the dear God who loveth us 
Hath made and loves them all. 

We are, therefore, bound as Eoyal Arch Masons, in gratitude 
for favours so abundantly showered upon us, and in expecta- 
tion of the fulfilment of His gracious promises for the future, 
to do our utmost to hasten the completion of that glorious 
Temple, that spiritual building which is to supersede the 
typical Temple erected on Mount Moriah. Let us diligently 
employ the working tools of this degree, let us perform our 
allotted task while it is yet day. With the sword by our side, 
let us fight for the true against the false, the good against 
the evil, and the weak against the strong; with the crowbar, 
let us demolish the strongholds of pride, prejudice, ignorance, 
and superstition ; with the pickaxe, let us bury the rubbish of 
the body of the old Adam; with the shovel, let us clear away 
the ruins of a fallen nature and prepare the ground for a new 
structure fitted for the reception of truth, virtue, and wisdom ; 
with the trowel, let us every day add a white and perfect ashlar 
to the walls of the new Temple, which, though alas only too 
slowly, is gradually and certainly growing up, bye-and-bye to 
cover the whole earth, to embrace and fold within its 
ample courts all people, nations, and languages, and to be 
filled with the name, the honour, and glory of the Great I AM. 



At Exeter, April 3rd, 1878. 

Sir Knights, — I am sure you will all sympathise ■with my 
first expression in taking this chair, which is one of gratitude to 
our esteemed Chief, Br. Huyshe, for having volunteered to instal 
me, and for the manner in which he has performed that duty, 
spite of all the drawbacks caused by his failing health. For the 
third of a century T have enjoyed his steadfast friendship, and 
during that long time not a cloud, even so small as a man's 
hand, has obscured its serenity, and he has never wearied in 
showering on me personal kindness and masonic distinction. 
For all these I am bankrupt in thanks, and can only trust, dear 
Br. Huyshe, to repay you in the manner in which you would 
most wish to be repaid, by trying to live a life approaching 
nearer and nearer every day to your ideal of what a good Knight 
Templar ought to be. You know better than anyone that I 
more than once declined this most honourable post, not from 
fear of the additional labour it might entail upon me, but from 
a conscientious scruple as to my fitness to undertake its onerous 
responsibilities. But, having accepted it, I will strive to 
perform its duties to the best of my ability. There was one 

Oration by Sir Knight Metham. 115 

prominent feeling which more than any other decided my 
jicceptance, which was, that there never was a time when it was 
more necessary for every true Mason, and especially every true 
Knight Templar, to come to the front and contend for the sacred 
-truths which are embodied in Masonry. Freemasonry has 
■shown, and will, 1 trust, continue to show, a wise toleration of 
her sons' varied worship of the Great Jehovah, so long as under 
every sky that sacred Name, the symbol of the Eternal, Un- 
known, Truth, is represented and acknowledged. Ages ago 
Masonry may have existed without religion, simply as a bond 
■uniting the weak to resist the aggressions of the strong, and, as 
time went on, as a means of preserving the secrets of science 
and art from the attack of the cowan and barbarian. But for 
hundreds of years religious belief has entered largely into our 
■ceremonies, and has been the basis of our ritual ; and, therefore, 
if we, in the present day, voluntarily extinguish that tried 
hereditary lamp of religious belief, which has so long illuminated 
our lodges, to run after the delusive wills-of-the-wisp and restless 
phantoms of fancied progress and discursive philosophy, we 
shall be aiding not in a forward but in a retrograde movement, 
by which Masonry will be lowered, and humanity will, of 
necessity, suffer. We have lately witnessed with astonishment 
and sorrow that the seething volcano of revolution and infidelity 
has poured forth burning lava that will, if not checked, destroy, 
and ashes that will bury in one lamentable ruin, the fundamental 
and most vital principle of our Order — a recognition of the 
Supreme Being, and a belief in the Immortality of the Soul. 
On that belief we take our stand ; let French Masons, if they 
will, discuss the date at which religion was introduced into our 
ritual ; let them persist in excluding it if they can, and will, 
from their own Lodges ; be it enough for us that we found it in 
ours at our initiation, and that we are resolved to preserve it 
there in its fullest integrity. Of this most precious jewel in the 
crown which our devout and older brethren have placed on the 
brow of Masonry, and which they have bequeathed to us, let us, 

116 Oration by Sir Knight Metlinm. 

with one voice exclaim, as our noble English Prince exclaimed 
in relation to his father's earthly crown — 

They won it, wore it, kept it, gave it me : 
Then plaiti and right must my possession be, 
Which I, with more than with a common pain, 
'Gainst all the world will righteously maintain ! 

At our Initiation, which was symbolical of our helpless 
infancy, the volume of the Sacred Law was placed open before 
us, and we were taught to look to it for comfort and support to 
our tottering steps. As we advanced in the science into that 
stage which represented the vigour of manhood, we learned to 
implore the aid of God on all our lawful undertakings, and to 
dedicate the intellectual and physical powers with which He has 
endowed us to His glory, our own advancement, and the benefit 
of our fellow creatures. And, then, when our day is ended, and, 
with wearied brain and feeble limbs, we, prepare for rest, like 
labourers who, at the close of their toil, seek their couch and its 
calm and grateful slumber, the same Sacred Volume whispers to 
us that, if we have been true and faithful stewards of the 
talents committed to us, we shall awake to a brighter morrow 
in which there shall be no more toil, nor pain, nor night. That 
glimmering light in the east, so often indicated to us in our 
Masonic journey as the beacon to direct our steps, and which 
has so often varied, now brighter, now fainter, now nearly 
extinguished, as faith, reason, or doubt has ruled the hour, will 
expand with that bright Morning Star, also indicated to us in 
our Masonic progress, whose rising shall bring peace and sal- 
vation to the faithful and obedient of the human race. That 
symbolical star will guide us until it is itself 

Lost, dissolved, in Thy superior rays ; 

One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze 

Shall flood Thy Courts 1 The Light Himself shall shine 

Bevealed, and God's eternal day be thine ! 

That star, that light, is Christ our Priest, Christ our 
Prophet, Christ our King ! 

Oration by Sir Knight Metham. 117 

We in the present day are not required to emulate the noble 
example and self-denying zeal of our older brethren, the Military 
Knights of the Temple, who patiently endured hunger, thirst, 
and privation, who voluntarily encountered hardship, danger, 
and death, who sacrificed worldly ambition, and renounced the 
endearing ties of family love and friendship, to do unceasing 
battle with the enemies of the Cross who sought to defile the 
Holy Sanctuary. But not the less have we self-imposed, self- 
denying duties to perform. In becoming Knight Templars we 
have voluntarily adopted a special and sectarian belief in the 
Blessed Trinity, in addition to that general recognition in the 
Supreme Euler of the Universe which is common to the 
fraternity throughout the world. If, therefore, we are Knight 
Templars in spirit and reality, as well as in name and ritual, we 
are bound by the most solemn ties and' obligations to imitate 
ourselves, and tp teach others to do the same, at however long a 
distance, the example of Him on whose Sacred Name this 
solemn degree is founded. 

We, too, like our antient brethren, must wage incessant 
warfare, but it must be against more insidious foes than they 
had to contend with. Our foes lurk within as well as without 
the citadel; we must wage hourly conflict with ignorance, 
bigotry, and superstition, with intolerance on one side, and 
infidelity on the other, with arrogance and self-assertion, with 
tyranny, inhumanity, and selfishness. We must strive to 
imitate Him who, while He dwelt on earth, was Charity itself in 
thought, word, and deed ; who bid him who is without sin cast 
the first stone at the sinner; who on earth went about doing 
good; who visited the widow and orphan in their affliction; who 
clothed the naked, fed the hungry, and cured the blind, the 
dumb, the sick, the leper, and the lame ; and who, on quitting 
earth, bid His disciple "Peed my sheep." When we have done 
this as well as our imperfect nature and limited opportunities 
will permit, then shall we be indeed Knight Templars; then, 

lis Oration by Sir Knight Metham. 

with a safe conscience and trusting confidence, may we lay our 
armour at tlie foot of the Cross, and look to enjoy 

The peace that follows battle, 
The night that ends in day. 

Then shall we be privileged to enter that Living Temple not 
made with bands, eternal in the Heavens, of which He who is 
the embodiment of pure, universal, Catholic Charity, and the 
great Prototype of our Order, is the sure foundation, the tried 
corner-stone, the solid buttress, and the topmast pinnacle. Then 
shall we come face to face with those Christian Graces, shining 
in full meridian splendour, of which, on earth, we have had but 
glimpses, dull and intermittent at the best. Until that day 
arrives let us, as Masons, and especially as Knight Templars, 
find in them, our motto and our watchword : 

Eemember Faith, Hope, Charity, these three, 
But the greatest of these is Charity. 
These were the words our Great Eedeemer taught. 
These were the deeds our Heavenly Master wrought. 
Peace upon earth, joy, goodwill to man. 
Form the bright columns of his Grodlike plan ; 
'Tis mercy, bounteous mercy, warm and wide. 
That brings the creature to his Maker's side ! 





Axigust 26th, 1878. 

Brethren, — The word "oration," as applied to the address 
I am about, in obedience to the command of our revered 
Provincial Grand Master, to make, implies greater preparation 
and study than I have been able to devote to it. Neither do 
I propose to speak at all on the general question of Free- 
masonry, but to confine myself simply to consider the important 
duties and obligations which the founders of this Lodge will 
from to-day be called upon to discharge, if they are really and 
truly the sincere Masons they profess to be. We welcome our 
new sister, "The Lodge of Obedience," into our family circle, 
and congratulate the Brethren on the so-far successful issue of 
their efforts. Brethren of "Lodge Obedience," the selection of 
the name by which your Lodge will hereafter be known fore- 
shadows your desire and intention to obey the constitutions of 
the Order, and to be guided by the principles so constantly 
poured into your ears and instilled into your minds by the pure 
teaching of Freemasonry. Be true to those principles, and we 
shall ever look back to the ceremony of to-day with pride and 
pleasure. I leave you to consider what will be our feelings if 
you are unfaithful to them. Worshipful Master-Elect, on your 
selection to-day of Officers to assist you in governing your 
Lodge, and on your own conduct, not only in the chair, but out 
of it, for the coming year depends its success or failure. You 
have no errors of predecessors to undo, or to be the excuse for 

120 Obedience Lodge, No. 1758, Okehampton. 

neglect or shortcomings. The first page of the minute book 
will bear your signature ; take care that nothing recorded there 
shall ever bring the blush of shame to your own cheeks or those 
of your members and successors. To you is committed the 
guardianship of the honour of the Craft, not only in Devon, but 
throughout the world ; see that you protect it and hand it 
unsullied to your successors. Be careful, most careful, that 
your Officers are men of probity, intelligence, and of true 
Masonic feelings. Admit none to participate in our secrets 
whose antecedents will not bear the strictest investigation, or 
who are not of a genial, kindly disposition, so that no unseemly 
wrangles may be introduced into the Lodge. Take care that 
none are admitted who have only curiosity or a convivial spirit 
to plead as a reason. Take care, too, that every candidate is 
above the suspicion of being actuated by selfish or mercenary 
motives; that the initiation fee is truly his own, after the 
payment of his just debts, and due provision made for all who 
are dependent upon him. To do otherwise would be to connive 
at fraud, and would also be a cruel robbery of defenceless . 
women and children. In the decision of every trespass against 
our rules you will remember that " It is not meet that every 
nice offence should bear its comment, therefore you will judge 
with candour, admonish with friendship, and reprehend with 
mercy." But you must be firm to mark what is done amiss in 
every matter which really merits reprobation, or which is likely 
to bring disgrace on your Lodge or the Craft at large. Be 
zealous to defend a brother if unjustly assailed, and consider 
the interests of the Craft to be inseparably connected with your 
own. Whatever your hand findeth to do, do it with all your 
might. Be diligent and upright in business, and in all that 
concerns your duty as a citizen. Be prompt to obey the voice 
of charity, not only in almsgiving, but in extending comfort, 
counsel, and consolation, to every one of your fellow creatures in 
the hour of need and affliction. Thus will you exact and 
receive from the outer world a reverence and regard for our 

Obedience Lodge, No. 1753, Okehampton. 


noble institution, and furnish the best answer to those who 
question the need for its existence. Thus will you paraphrase 
the words of the great living statesman. Our " Brotherhood " 
is no mean heritage, but it is not an heritage that can only be 
enjoyed ; it must be maintained, and it can only be maintained 
by the same qualities that created it — by courage, by discipline, 
by patience, by determination to do and defend the right. 

^ «& ^ «& ^ j& ^ ^ ^ 4S& ^ ^ ^ -a& ^ -3* 

#J>% #\L% s^vL^ 5p\L% #X-^f #J^^? #\L^ ^nL^ 5S^L% *^J^ sf^w #\L% s^J^ ^nJ^ otsI^ w^a^ 





June 4th, 1881. 

None can regret more than I do the cause which has called 
on me to address you as Superintendent Elect of our Province. 
I know that our excellent Brother, Col. Shadwell Gierke, looked 
forward with much pleasure to being among us to-day, and we 
must all regret his absence the more, knowing that it is owing 
to a great and sudden domestic affliction. For myself, not 
being well, and having but a few hours' notice, shrunk at first 
from taking his place, but a little reflection told me that, as a 
true Mason, I ought not to refuse assistance, even if I incurred 
the risk of personal discomfort by performing the duty assigned 
to me imperfectly. Before the solemn obligation pertaining to 
your office is administered to you, it is my duty to call your at- 
tention to the supreme and unsurpassable character of the 
Eoyal Arch Degree. It is of necessity the climax of Free- 
masonry, for it is founded on a Name which is above every name^ 
the name of the great I AM, who was from all Eternity, is now, 
and shall be, one and the same for ever : who is the Eternal 
Euler of the Universe, the Elemental Life, the primordial Source 
of all its principles, the very spring and fountain of all its 
virtues and of all its blessings. Like the ladder of Jacob's 
dream, the base of our system rests on the earth, the inter- 

Installation of Rt. Hon. Viscount Ebrington. 123 

mediate steps are clear and defined, but the summit reaches 
to the heavens and is buried in the clouds. When the 
just and upright brother, who has modelled his life ac- 
cording to the principles of truth, justice, and virtue — 
who has made Charity his guide in thought, word, and deed — 
who has exercised his intellectual powers to the glory of God 
who gave them and the welfare of his fellow creatures who need 
them — stands at last on the brink of the grave which is about to 
receive him into its cold bosom, he quails not, but raises his eye 
in faith to that bright Morning Star whose rising shall bring 
peace and salvation to the faithful and obedient of the human 
race. And, then, when Death has thrown his sable mantle 
around him, — when the last arrow of our mortal enemy has 
been despatched, — when the bow of the mighty conqueror has 
been broken by the iron arm of time, — when the angel of the 
Lord has declared that time itself shall be no more, and when by 
that victory God shall have subdued all things unto himself, — 
then will the faithful brother behold the clouds rolled back from 
the summit of the ladder, and he will find himself in the 
presence of the great I AM, his beneficent Creator and merciful 
Judge, and he shall behold Him, not as now darkly and as 
through a glass, but face to face. The E. A. Degree is therefore 
to us a pillar of daily admonition and instruction, and a beacon 
of eternal light guiding us through the intricate windings of our 
mortal existence, and only leaving us when, having passed 
through the gloomy portals which divide life from death, we 
enter those eternal mansions where the true secrets of Masonry 
shall be disclosed, never again to be concealed or lost. Still, 
superlative as I claim this degree to be, I emphatically call on 
you to remember that it is still but a link in the golden chain 
which binds together in mutual dependence our whole system. 
And if you have carefully followed the teaching of the three 
degrees of which the Eoyal Arch is the capstone, you will have 
learned there is no more acceptable service or sacrifice you 
can offer to your beneficent Creator than to look beyond the 

124 Installation of Rt. Hon. Viscount Ehrington. 


narrow space of particular limits whether civil or religious, 
and to behold in every child of Adam a brother of the 
dust. You obey His will, and do the truest Masonic work 
■when you tend the sick, feed the hungry, clothe the naked, 
shelter the outcast, instruct the ignorant, visit the widow and 
orphan in their bereavement, cheer the mourners in their 
affliction, and extend comfort and consolation to every one of 
your fellow creatures in the hour of their need. You are bound 
as a E. A. Mason to employ in daily life the working tools of 
this degree with diligence, so that you may perform your 
allotted task while it is yet day. With your sword by your side, 
you are to fight for the true against the false, the good 
against the evil, the weak against the strong; with the crowbar, 
you are to demolish the strongholds of pride, prejudice, 
ignorance, and superstition ; with the pickaxe, you are to bury 
the rubbish of the body of the old Adam ; with the shovel, to 
clear away the ruins of a fallen nature and to prepare the 
ground for the erection of a new structure fitted for the re- 
ception of truth, virtue, and wisdom ; and with the trowel, every 
day to add a white and perfect ashlar to the walls of the new 
Temple, which, though alas ! only too slowly, is gradually and 
certainly growing up, bye-and-bye, to cover the whole eartn, to 
embrace and fold within its ample courts all people, nations, 
and languages, and to be filled with the name, the honour, and 
glory of the great I AM. 


The Eight Hon. the Eael of Mount Edgcumbe, Prov. G.M.and G. Superin- 
tendent of Cornwall. 

The R. W. Lobd Ebbington, M.P., Prov. G.M., and G. Superintendent of 

Allen, W. S., Senior Warden, No. 40, Hastings. 
Ansle, p. p., W.M., No. 551, Ventnor, Isle of Wight. 
Aechee, Mr. Joseph, Sheffield. 
AsHBY, J. K., Editor of Texas Masonic Journal. 

Bailey, John, P.M., 1884, Shanklin, I. of W. 

Bain, George Washington, W.M., 949, Monkwearmouth. 

Babkeb, John G., P.M., &c.. Editor Freemason's Chronicle, New York. 

Beeet, Stephen, P.M., &o.. Editor Masonic Token, Portland, Maine. 

Beewee, John, P. Prov. G. Sec. and P. Prov. J.G.W. Devon, &c. 

Bbown, John H., P.M., and Editor Voice of Masonry, Chicago, "U.S.A. 

Cabtweight, p. J., of No. 1007, Loughborough. 

Caswell, Geoege, P.M., &o., Dayton, Ohio, U.S.A. 

Chapman, Alebed H., P.M., P.G.H.P. of G.G. Chap., U.S.A., Editor Liberal 

Freemason, Boston. 
Chapman, Mr. John Heney, Sheffield. 
CoLENUTT, Lewis, Junior Warden, No. 1884, Shanklin. 
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CooPEE, Peanois, P.m., No. 1884, P. Prov. G.S. Hants and I. of W. 
CooPEE, Dr. G. C, W.M., No. 882, Graaf-Eeinit, S. Africa. 
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Cowan, J. W., Editor Freemason, Toronto. 
CuNisriNGHAM, J. H., P.M., Grand Secretary of South Australia. 

Davson, Dr. P. Adams, J.P., P.M., 797. 

Davie, Major G. C, P.M., P. Prov. J.G.W. and G. Sec. of Devon. 

Deuby, Dr. C. D. Hill, P.M. and Sec, P. Prov. G. Eegistrar of Norfolk. 

Editoe The Masonic Review, London. 

Edwaeds, p. C, Junior Warden, Lodge No. 40, Hastings. 

Emmons, Theodee H., P.M., &c., Boston, U.S.A. 

PiETH, Abthue J., P.M., P. Prov. G. Organist Hants and I. of W. 
Peanois, Thomas, P.M. and P. Prov. G.D., Sussex, &c. 
PiNDEL, J. G., Editor Die Bauhiltte, Leipzig. 

GiEFOBD, James, P.M. No. 105, Sec. 2025, Prov. G.D.C. of Devon. 

Gould, Eobeet Pebke, P.M., P. Prov. S.G.W. of Andalusia, P.S.G.W. of 

Iowa, P.S.G.D. of England, &c. 
GovEB, John B., P.M., P. Prov. G. Sec. of Devon, Hon. Sbc. "Devon Masonic 

Educational Pund." 
Geeenham, Alfbed, P.m., P. Prov. G.D. Hants and I. of W. 
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126 Suhscrihers. 

Haioh, John, P.M., P.D.G.H.P., Mass., U.S.A. 

Hambly, W. J., Editor Canadian Craftsman, Toronto. 

Hudson, Robert, P.M., Prov. G. Sec. and G. Scribe E. of Durham, P.G.S.B. 

of England. 
HuoHAN, Wm. James, P.M., P. Prov. G. See. and Prov. S.G.W. of Cornwall, 

P.S.G.W. of Egypt and Iowa, &c., P.S.G.D. of England. 
HuYSHE, Mrs. John, Patroness " Devon Masonic Educational Fund." 

Julius, Stanley A., L.R.C.P. (Edin.), M.R.G.S., L.S.A., S.D. 1842. 

Kelly, William, P. S.A., P.M., P. Prov. G. M. Leicester and R., Grand 

Superintendent for Leicester and Rutland, &c. 
Kenning, George, P.M., P. Prov. G.D. Middlesex, Proprietor of the Freemason. 

Lake, William, P.M., P. Prov. G. Reg. Cornwall. 

Lane, Charles S., P.M., P. Prov. S.G.D. of Durham. 

Lane, John, P.C.A., P.M., P. Prov. G. Reg. Devon, P.S.G.W. of Iowa. 

Latimer, Isaac, P.M., P. Prov. G. Sec. and J.G.W. of Devon. 

Latimer, Alfred, P.M., P. Prov. J.G.D. Devon. 

Lawrence, Samuel C, P.M., Past Grand Master of Massachusetts, Past 

Grand H.P. of Mass., U.S.A. 
Lemon, Rev. T. William, M.A., P. Prov. G. Chap, and J.G.W. of Devon. 
Logan, William, P.M., P. Prov. G. Reg. and G.D.C. of Durham. 

Macbean, Edward, S. No. 2076, Prov. G. Treasurer (R.A.), Glasgow. 

MacCalla, Clifford P., M.A., P.M., Grand Master of Pennsylvania. 

Mackay, the Rev. Alexander, LL.D. 

Mead, Colonel John, Cor. Cir. 2076, London. 

Meyer, Charles E., P.M., P.G.H.P. and G. Sec. (R.A.), Pennsylvania. 

Millet, William E., of No. 551, Ventnor, I. of W. 

Morgan, T. W., P.M., W.M. No. 1402, Torquay. 

Morgan, William Wray, P.M., Editor Freemason's Chronicle. 

Morton, H. J., P.M., P. Prov. G.D. of C. for N. and E. Yorkshire. 

Newton, James, P.O. A., P.M., P. Prov. S.G.D. and Assist. G. Sec, E. Lane. 
Newton, J. E., of No. 1402, Torquay. 

Patohitt, E. C, M.P.S., P.M., Prov. G. Treasurer of Nottingham. 

Patchitt, R., of No. 2017, Nottingham. 

Patton, Thomas Ranken, P.M., Grand Treasurer of Pennsylvania, Represen- 
tative from the Grand Lodge of England. 

Peck, Michael Charles, P.M., Prov. G. Sec. and Scribe E. for N. and E. 
Yorkshire, P.G. St. Br. of England. 

Pike, General Albert, P.M., Past Grand Master, &c. 

Pratt, Edward J., of No. 1402, Torquay. 

Prust, Thomas, I.P.M., No. 1402, Torquay. 

Radway, Charles W., P.M. and Sec, P. Prov. S.G.W. of Somerset. 
Rae, Robert Halliburton, P.M., P. Prov. S.D. of Devon. 
Reed, Captain G. H. Baynes, R.N., P.M., P. Prov. G.S.B. of Cornwall. 
Riley, J. Ramsden, P.M., P. Prov. G.D.C. of West Yorkshire. 
Rogers, W. G., P.M., D. Prov. G.M. Devonshire, P.J.G.D. of England. 
RoosE, W. S., Washington, U.S.A. 

Subscribers. 127 

Sandbman, Hugh David, P.M., P. Dist. G.M. of Madras, P. Grand Superin- 
tendent of Madras, &o. 
Sadlbb, Henry, P.M., Grand Tyler and Sub-Librarian G.L. of England. 
Sartain, John, P.M., &o., Philadelphia, U.S.A. 
ScHULTZ, E. T., P.M., P.S.G.W. of Maryland, &o. 
ScHOPiELD, Walter, P.M., 104 Stockport. 
Shabman, Mr Isaac. 

SoMERViLLE, Thomas, Washington, U.S.A. 

Speth, George William, P.M. 183, Secretary " Quatuor Ooronati" Lodge. 
Sprague, F. S., Senior Warden No. 1332, Crediton. 
Stevens, James, P.M., P.Z., Ac, Editor Masonic Star. 
Stillson, H. L., Editor in chief. History of Freemasonry (U.S.A.) 
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Taylor, John, Junior Deacon, Nos. 328 and 1402. 
Taylor, William, P.M. and Sec. No. 828, Torquay. 
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VivLAN, Hugh P., P.M., 589, Sec. 1544. P. Prov. J.G.W. of Cornwall. 

Warne, Thomas S., P.M., P. Prov. S. G.W. and G. Scribe E. of Kent. 
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Wills, Thomas H., Senior Warden, No. 1402, Torquay. 
Whtqet, William, S. No. 1402, Torquay. 

Whymper, Henry Josiah, C.I.E., P. Dist. D.G.M. Punjab, P. Dist. Grand 
H. of the Punjab. 

Young, Robert, Secretary No. 1884, Shanklin, I. of W. 

Library, Grand Lodge of England. 

„ Grand Lodge of Iowa. 

„ Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. 

„ Grand Lodge of New York 

„ Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 

„ Grand Lodge of Mark Masters. 
Leicester Masonic Hall. 
"St. John the Baptist" Lodge, No. 89, Exeter. 
" St. John's Lodge," No. 70, Plymouth. 
Lodge of "Love and Honour," No. 75, Falmouth. 
The "York" Lodge, No. 236, York, 
"St. John's" Lodge, No. 828, Torquay. 
"Yarborough" Lodge, No. 551, Ventnor. 
"Pelham Pillar" Lodge, No. 792, Grimsby. 
"Jordan" Lodge, No. 1402, Torquay. 
" Chine " Lodge, No. 1884, Shanklin. 
" Eboracum " Lodge, No. 1611, York. 
"Quatuor Coronati" Lodge, No. 2076, London. 
"Eureka" Lodge, No. 47, Dundalk, Ireland.